Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 12, 2006
Study suggests tension headache may actually be TMJD
People whose recurrent headaches have been diagnosed as tension-related actually may be suffering from temporomandibular muscle and joint disorder, or TMJD, a study headed by a researcher from the University at Buffalo's School of Dental Medicine has shown.

Middle class takes over muscles, motorcycles and tattoos, says Penn State researcher
In recent years, many have said that white collar professionals, college students and celebrities getting tattooed, pumping iron or riding motorcycles democratize or blur distinctions between rich and poor.

$5.8 million funds 2 new studies on best treatments for ADHD
William E. Pelham, Jr., PhD, professor of psychology, pediatrics and psychiatry at the University at Buffalo and one of the leading experts in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, has received a total of $5.8 million to begin two new studies of treatment approaches for the condition.

Sick of being pregnant? Inducing labor carries risks, Saint Louis University research finds
Women who are tired of pregnancy and thinking of having labor induced probably need to think again, new Saint Louis University research finds.

Funding and bureaucracy, not access to journals, are chief obstacles to scientific productivity
The single most important issue obstructing the productivity of biomedical scientists today is the culture of research funding.

One-dimensional diffusion accelerates molecular motors
Max Planck researchers discover how special motor proteins identify microtubule ends.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Bacteria found in oral cancer tissue and production practices effect antimicrobial resistance in poultry are two of the articles found in the journals of the American Society for Microbiology.

In drug design, a loose fit may be best bet
Chemical knockoffs resembling a key thyroid-related hormone are, in certain cases, more effective than the real thing at activating the target receptor, says a new study conducted in part by researchers at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), two of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

NIST and NCI to collaborate on proteomics assessment
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health have begun a program to develop measurement assessment materials needed to evaluate and assess advanced proteomic technologies, such as mass spectrometry, that will play a large role in the discovery and validation of cancer-related proteins found in readily accessible body fluids.

Exercise can protect against skin cancer
Mice exposed to ultraviolet B light - and with continual access to running wheels - took longer to develop skin tumors and developed fewer and smaller tumors than a group of similarly exposed mice that didn't have a gym handy.

Studies shed new light on why exercise can protect against skin and bowel cancers
Two studies published on Saturday 13 May in Carcinogenesis journal show that exercise can protect against skin and bowel cancer, and they identify new mechanisms that could be responsible for this effect.

Large NCI grant will test the effect of Tibetan yoga on women with breast cancer
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have received a $2.4 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study the effects of Tibetan yoga in women with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy.

Advice for overweight moms: Lose weight before getting pregnant a second time, SLU study finds
Heavy moms have big babies, so work your way back to your normal weight before you have a second baby, new Saint Louis University research shows.

Electronic medical record boosts quality, efficiency
During a special symposium on the electronic medical record (EMR) held at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 29th Annual Scientific Sessions in Chicago, May 10-13, physicians, representatives from Kaiser Permanente, and major EMR vendors will discuss the impact of the EMR on health care.

New research finds surveys of larval-stage organisms effective for measuring marine biodiversity
To date, surveys of species diversity in the world's oceans have focused on adult organisms, but new research from Boston University has found that studying marine life in its larval phase with DNA barcoding is a valuable way to estimate biodiversity.

Improving solar cells, packaging among goals of UH prof's research
With research that will make an impact ranging from solar-cell technology to new and improved packaging materials, the University of Houston's Rigoberto Advincula is presenting at

Organizing dumbbells for nanotech devices
A team of chemists from France, Italy, Spain, the UK, and the US are working together to bridge the gap between nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Research points to more effective catalyst materials for petrochemical industry
Nickel oxide is a very important chemical in modern industrial processes.

Carcinogens from parents' tobacco smoke found in their babies' urine
When mom or dad puffs on a cigarette, their infants may inhale the resulting second-hand smoke.

Studies unclear whether spinal cement procedure improves back pain
A procedure that fills in fractured vertebrae with injected cement has not been shown to improve a person's back pain or quality of life, according to a new analysis of studies.

SCAI Hildner Lecture highlights innovative techniques for plaque imaging
Virtual histology. Thermography. Palpography. Computed tomography. During the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 29th Annual Scientific Sessions in Chicago, Dr.

Obesity makes labor tougher on women, new research finds
New Saint Louis University research shows labor can be longer and tougher for pregnant women who are obese.

The molecular post office inside the cell
A team of researchers in Berlin explains synthesis and sorting processes for secretory and membrane proteins.

Joslin-led study reveals new findings on insulin signaling in the liver
Joslin Diabetes Center-led study shows different insulin signaling components control glucose and lipid metabolism in the liver.

Female guppies risk their lives to avoid too much male attention
Sexual harassment is a burden that females of many species face, and some may go to extreme lengths to avoid it.

Tracing the history of feeding bubs
Breast or bottle? It is one of the most important decisions a new mother can make and the inspiration behind a unique study by a University of Queensland researcher.

Wearable sensors to improve soldier post-action reports
A soldier's after-action mission report can sometimes leave out vital observations and experiences that could be valuable in planning future operations.

Low-cost microfluidics can be a sticky problem
A deceptively simple approach to bonding thermoplastic microchannel plates together with solvent could be used for low-cost, high-volume production of disposable

Methane-belching bugs inspire a new theory of the origin of life on Earth
Scientists at Penn State have discovered a previously unknown biochemical process that has led to their development of a fundamental new theory of the origin of life on Earth.

Hysterectomy type makes little difference in later sexual function
Women who undergo a total hysterectomy, in which both the uterus and the cervix are removed, are no more likely to experience sexual difficulties or urinary or bowel problems after surgery than women who have only their uterus removed, a new review has found.

How did cactuses evolve?
In a groundbreaking new study in the June issue of American Naturalist, Erika J.

$900,000 for first Canadian Chair in Hypertension Prevention and Control
The Canadian Hypertension Society (CHS), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canada's Research-based Pharmaceutical companies (Rx&D), sanofi-aventis and Blood Pressure Canada (BPC) are announcing today an investment of $900,000 over five years to fund the first Canadian Chair in Hypertension Prevention and Control.

Creating new insight into HIV-AIDS virus wins Canada's top student biotech prize
Research by a 16-year-old Ottawa-area student that contributes new insights into the workings of the HIV-AIDS virus has earned top prize in the 2006 National sanofi-aventis biotech challenge, announced Thursday in a ceremony at the National Research Council of Canada.

Precision biochemistry tracks DNA damage in fish
Like coal-mine canaries, fish DNA can serve as a measure of the biological impact of water and sediment pollution or pollution clean-up.
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