Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 16, 2006
Boston University School of Social Work receives grant to study post-foster care adolescents
In an effort to examine the experiences of youth after they leave foster care, the School of Social Work (SSW) at Boston University recently received a grant from the Massachusetts Youth Transitioning to Independent Living Task Force.

Other highlights in the May 17 JNCI
Other highlights in the May 17 JNCI include a study on statin use and breast cancer risk, a report on a mathematical graph that calculates prostate cancer recurrence, and a study on hormones used to combat anemia.

Cultural approach is key to tackling obesity
Culture plays a significant role in how women perceive obesity in terms of both appearance and health.

Acetaminophen safe to use after heart attack but doesn't protect the heart
The over-the-counter drug acetaminophen is safe to use as a pain reliever and fever reducer after a heart attack, but does not protect the heart muscle, a new study concluded.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs not associated with increased breast cancer risk
Women taking statins do not face an increased breast cancer risk as had been suggested by some previous studies.

Astellas Pharma recipient of American Urological Association Health Science Award
The American Urological Association is pleased to announce that Astellas Pharma US, Inc.

Intimate partner violence -- the hidden burden is common
There is a chronic condition that as many as 44 percent of women have experienced.

Penn receives $4 million to establish a Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology
The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine will receive $4.1 million from the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences to study the effects of environmental pollutants on human health.

New name, enduring mission
The Association for Psychological Science will be showcasing its new name but reasserting its original identity at its 18th annual meeting this week in New York City.

African symposium to focus on how nature can help alleviate poverty
An unprecedented international conference on June 20-24 in Madagascar will examine how conserving Africa's unmatched biodiversity can help alleviate poverty, fight disease and improve the quality of life of hundreds of millions of people across the continent.

First Canadian professorship in melanoma research established
A $1 million donation in memory of Mrs. Mary Johnston establishes Canada's first chair in melanoma research at the Alberta Cancer Board's Cross Cancer Institute in Edmonton.

Coral reef reveals history of fickle weather in the central Pacific
For more than five decades, archaeologists, geographers, and other researchers studying the Pacific Islands have used a model of late Holocene climate change based largely on other regions of the world.

BU Health Policy Institute receives grant to study complex patient care, staffing, and cost issues
Boston University's Program for Management of Variability in Health Care Delivery has received a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to study nurse staffing and patient care issues in the context of controlling and managing costs while delivering quality health care.

Women's career choices influenced more by culture than biology
The diversity of today's American workforce challenges information-technology organizations that have

Damage from oxygen may be one cause of Parkinson's disease
Research by neuroscientists at the University of Virginia Health System shows that oxygen free radicals are damaging proteins in mitochondria, the tiny cellular 'batteries' of brain cells.

Putting healthcare dollars into the 'right' prevention services
Although an

Lost in thought: Brain research
Can one literally

Study examines reported outcomes of trials funded by for-profits vs. not-for-profits
Cardiovascular clinical trials published between 2000 and 2005 were significantly more likely to report positive findings if they were funded by for-profit organizations than those funded by not-for-profit organizations, according to a study in the May 17 issue of JAMA.

Radiation therapy is associated with lower risk of breast cancer recurrence in elderly women
Elderly women with early-stage breast cancer had a lower risk of recurrence when they were treated with radiation therapy, according to a study in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Promising cell protein may play role in infection and dry eye
A protein found in various cell types including the skin, has been discovered in the tissue covering the eye and may have future clinical implications in various pathologies of the ocular surface such as eye infection or dry eye.

Small molecule interactions were central to the origin of life
An important new paper argues against the widely held theory that the origin of life began with the spontaneous appearance of a large, replicating molecule such as RNA.

No link between low air-pressure on long-haul flights and DVT says new study
Research led by Universities of Leicester and Aberdeen assesses the effect of simulated flight conditions on blood clotting

NASA looks at hurricane cloud tops for windy clues
Scientists at NASA are finding that with hurricanes they can look at the cloud tops for clues about the behavior of winds below the hurricane on the Earth's surface.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience includes the following studies:

Indiana U researchers closer to finding a genetic cause of hearing loss in aging
In a study of 50 pairs of fraternal twins with hearing loss, Indiana University School of Medicine scientists uncovered evidence linking the hearing loss to a particular region of DNA that previously was tied to a hereditary form of progressive deafness that begins much earlier in life.

Study says Japan unable to produce low cost memory for personal computers
Japan is falling behind countries like Korea, Taiwan and the USA in producing low cost Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) chips for personal computers says a recent report on the Japanese semiconductor industry.

New Queen's study of hand-brain function offers insight into recovery for stroke survivors
A Queen's study of stroke survivors gives new insight into the stages of recovery of hand muscle control after a stroke, suggesting that patients may benefit from different treatment strategies at different times during the recovery process.

The ESC releases guidance document on Cardiac Rhythm Management product performance
A unified system for reporting Cardiac Rhythm Management (CRM) device technology, performance and adverse events is necessary to protect the general public.

Lilly Foundation gift to Indiana University Cancer Center
A $7.5 million gift from the Eli Lilly and Company Foundation will be used by Indiana University Cancer Center to recruit nationally recognized cancer scientists to strengthen research initiatives and patient care.

Exxon Valdez oil found in tidal feeding grounds of ducks, sea otters
Seventeen years after the Exxon Valdez ran aground in Alaska's Prince William Sound, compelling new evidence suggests that remnants of the worst oil spill in US history extend farther into tidal waters than previously thought, increasing the probability that the oil is causing unanticipated long-term harm to wildlife.

Plant protection from cold decoded
In response to cold, plants trigger a cascade of genetic reactions that allow them to survive.

Study reports findings on lung cancer death rates in never smokers
Lung cancer death rates are not higher among women than men who have never smoked, but death rates from lung cancer may be higher in African-American than Caucasian female never smokers, a study reports in the May 17 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Rheumatoid arthritis drug linked to serious infections and cancers
A new meta-analysis of many previous studies of TNF- (tumor necrosis factor) blocking antibodies for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has confirmed a previously discovered increased risk for serious infection and has found that cancer also is a potential risk associated with the drugs.

Intimate partner violence found widespread
This study is the first to find that the more recent and prolonged a woman's intimate partner violence (IPV), the worse her physical and mental health and social network are likely to be.

Pak1 expression increases tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer patients
A protein that activates estrogen receptors in breast cancer may play a role in resistance to therapeutic effects of anti-estrogen tamoxifen treatment, according to a study in the May 17 Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Packard scientists announce first international gene search for typical ALS
Though it's the more common form of the disease, sporadic ALS, which affects roughly 90 percent of those living with the fatal neurodegenerative illness, has been the one less studied, simply because, unlike familial ALS, no genes have turned up.

Our memory wears rose-colored glasses
After all is said and done, we remember the good and downplay the bad.

New study reveals signaling pathways required for expansion of pancreas stem cells
A team of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has published a new study of important signaling pathways that are required for the expansion of pancreas stem cells, work that may lead to strategies to prevent or reverse insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).

Helping hands
How two people unconsciously cooperate on complex physical tasks.

Study indicates widely-used nutritional supplement does not improve cholesterol levels
A new study suggests that use of the nutritional supplement policosanol does not lower cholesterol levels any more than placebo, apparently contradicting the results of previous studies, according to a study in the May 17 issue of JAMA.

Manchester plays host to international genetics network
Manchester is hosting an international conference on genetic counselling, with 75 delegates from professional organizations, universities and clinics all over the world, including countries such as France, Italy, India, Japan, Australia, South Africa, Canada, Cuba and the US.

Some people would give life or limb not to be fat
Nearly half of the people responding to an online survey about obesity said they would give up a year of their life rather than be fat.

Long airplane flight does not appear to increase risk of blood clots
Researchers simulating conditions of reduced cabin pressure and reduced oxygen levels, such as may be encountered during an 8-hour airplane flight, found no increase in the activation of the blood clotting system among healthy individuals, according to a study in the May 17 issue of JAMA.

Lehigh professor garners NSF grant to study macro-ionic 'blackberries'
Chemistry professor will probe electrical and mechanical properties of the hollow, spherical anions and seek to determine why the large aggregates, unlike their smaller counterparts, are attracted to each other.

'Bubble Bassets' cured of genetic disorder by in-vivo gene therapy technique
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and NIAID have successfully restored the immune system in basset pups with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (the so-called

Studies shows device-guided paced breathing lowers blood pressure & peripheral resistance
InterCure, Ltd., today announced new findings demonstrating the mechanism of action of its FDA-cleared hypertension treatment device, RESPeRATE.

Chimpanzee study reveals genome variation hotspots
An international team of researchers, including a graduate student and an associate professor from Arizona State University, have found that chimpanzees have many copy number variants in the same regions of the genome as do humans.
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