Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 18, 2006
Aspirin + dipyridamole better than aspirin alone to prevent circulatory problems after minor stroke
A combination of aspirin and the antiplatelet drug dipyridamole is better than aspirin alone for the prevention of new circulatory events after a minor, non-disabling stroke, according to a paper published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

ExoMars rover concept is a star attraction at ILA2006 Space Pavilion
One of the attractions at the ILA2006 Space Pavilion is the full-scale ExoMars rover mock-up based on an artist's impression of Europe's next mission to Mars and the first robotic mission with the European Space Exploration Programme Aurora.

A simple protocol avoids unnecessary invasive procedures
When a patient comes to the ER with a severe headache, he may have an extremely serious Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

Varying effects of fish consumption on atrial fibrillation
Eating fish rich in omega-3-fatty acids may have different effects on the heart's electrical function, according to a study presented today at HEART RHYTHM 2006, the Heart Rhythm Society's 27th Annual Scientific Sessions.

Symposium to examine 'Frontiers in Biological Systems'
One of the nation's newest and most innovative biotechnology centers, the New York State Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Sciences, will open in June with a full schedule of scientific and community events, including a science and industry symposium featuring world renowned researchers in the fields of genomics, neuroscience and biomedical informatics.

FDA should approve emergency contraceptive Plan B quickly to demonstrate its independence
Andrew von Eschenbach, acting US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commissioner, should move quickly to approve emergency contraceptive Plan B to show he has the independence needed to head the organisation, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Emergency departments carry heavy loads
The load on Emergency departments and the quality of care they can deliver are affected by many factors.

Scientists scuttle claims that 'Hobbit' fossil from Flores, Indonesia, is a new hominid
In 2003, scientists found 18,000-year-old bones of a small, humanlike creature in Flores, Indonesia.

Reducing dose errors for children in cardiac arrest
When children suffer cardiopulmonary arrest outside a hospital, it is critical that Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel administer correct medication doses.

Rapid diagnosis of mini-strokes saves time and money - with no harm to patients
As many as 300,000 Americans per year are diagnosed with Transient Ischemic Attack (mini-stroke).

Even when faint, ovary scent draws sperm cells
Mice are known to have a keen sense of smell, but it's not just their noses that are adept at picking up a scent, a new study shows.

OHSU studying drug for bone-deforming disorder
An Oregon Health & Science University-lead study is examining the effectiveness of the synthesized parathyroid hormone, teriparatide - sold under the brand name FORTEO - in improving bone mass and structure in adults affected by osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), an inherited disorder characterized by weak bones that break easily.

Study suggests new human genotype may be prone to vCJD
A small study in this week's BMJ suggests a new human genotype may be prone to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).

New book explores counter-terrorism technology and policy
Providing vital information that will promote informed approaches to these technologies,

Just one nanosecond: Clocking events at the nanoscale
A team of University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers has found a way to time material behavior at the nanometer scale, in essence clocking the movements of atoms as they are manipulated using electric fields.

Studies determine patient risk from ICD replacement
Physicians should weigh the risks of replacing implantable cardioverter defibrillators after recalls and advisories issued by device manufacturers against the theoretic risk of device failure, according to two studies presented today at HEART RHYTHM 2006, the Heart Rhythm Society's 27th Annual Scientific Sessions.

Poor ability to slow heart rate predicts death after heart attack
Heart attack survivors who lack variability in their heart rate are at a greater risk of death, according to a paper in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Codeine may be no cure for cough
Scientists at the University of Manchester's North West Lung Centre have found that codeine - a standard ingredient in cough remedies - could be no more effective than an inactive placebo compound at treating cough.

Linking climate change across time scales
What do month-to-month changes in temperature have to do with century-to-century changes in temperature?

Mapping 'self' and 'other' in the brain
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have mapped not only where trust forms in the brain but have also uncovered clues as to how humans represent themselves and others as physical responses in their brains.

Even a little cooling helps after cardiac arrest
As many as 400,000 people in North America suffer sudden cardiac arrest each year.

New century of thirst for world's mountains
By the century's end, the Andes in South America will have less than half their current winter snowpack, mountain ranges in Europe and the US West will have lost nearly half of their snow-bound water, and snow on New Zealand's picturesque snowcapped peaks will all but have vanished.

Ready, set, mutate... and may the best microbe win
An ingenious experiment that forced bacteria to compete in a head-to-head contest for evolutionary dominance offers a glimpse of the molecular workings of Darwinian selection.

National Science Foundation awards $15 million grant to Rutgers-led engineering research consortium
The NSF has awarded a $15 million grant to Rutgers University and three collaborating universities to improve the way pharmaceuticals, foods and agricultural products are manufactured.

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery added to Springer's growing medical program
The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract (SSAT) has chosen Springer as the publisher of the Society's journal, Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery.

Searching for the soul in the machine
If computers could create a society, what kind of world would they make?

New lifestyles, new data - planners need a modern definition of the 'family'
A wider range of social and demographic data to enable planners and policymakers cope with huge changes in people's living arrangements is called for in an important new booklet published today by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

A non-invasive method for measuring beta cell mass during diabetes
Insulin secretion is used as a surrogate measure of beta cell (pancreatic insulin-secreting cells) mass.

Experts urge industry and international donors to prepare pneumococcal vaccines
In today's online edition of The Lancet, a group of leading global health experts have come together to call for vaccine manufacturers and international donors to negotiate affordable pricing of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and for governments of developing world countries and their partners to establish disease surveillance networks and begin preparations for pneumococcal vaccine introduction.

Hello? Their phones have changed, but teenaged girls have not
Cellphones come in many shapes, colors and sizes now, but the teenaged girls who use them may not be very different than the young women who were learning how to use telephones more than 40 years ago.

Protein connections: A network to understand disease
In the 1990s, the notion of

The Public Library of Science launches the new open access journal PLoS Clinical Trials
The Public Library of Science launches an innovative freely-available online journal called PLoS Clinical Trials publishing reports of randomized clinical trials in all areas of medicine and public health.

Witnessing intimate partner violence as children does not increase risk of victimization as adults
There has been some evidence that witnessing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) as a child might make someone more likely to be victimized as an adult.

University of Minnesota to house new $21 million research center
The National Science Foundation (NSF) recently announced a $15 million, five-year grant to support the new Engineering Research Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power.

Math prodigy wins $1,000 award
Michael Anthony Viscardi from Josan Academy in San Diego (CA), who took calculus in eighth grade, is this year's first-place winner of the AMS Menger Awards for his project,

Stevens' ASME student section wins three awards at conference
The Stevens Institute of Technology American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Student Section won three awards at the Regional ASME Student Conference, held at Fairleigh Dickinson University, Teaneck, N.J., on April 1, 2006.

News briefs from Heart Rhythm 2006
New studies being presented at HEART RHYTHM 2006 include

Blood test predicts success of quitting smoking using the nicotine patch
According to a study from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pennsylvania Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center, a blood test may enable doctors to predict which smokers using the nicotine patch are likely to experience the least amount of cravings and have the highest probability of success in quitting cigarettes.

Safe sex messages in schools don't change behaviour
Current efforts to combat sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancy in schools do not change sexual risk behaviour, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.

Study shows schizophrenia limits understanding of body language
Understanding the meaning behind a person's posture or body movement comes easily to many people and helps guide how we react to others socially.

HIV Medicine Association applauds crucial HIV/AIDS bill
The HIV Medicine Association is pleased to see a key Senate committee putting medical care first in a new bill to reauthorize the Ryan White CARE Act, the federal government's largest program for uninsured or underinsured people living with HIV/AIDS.

Viral hitchhiker inhibits Wolbachia bacteria's ability to proliferate
MBL scientists studying the widespread endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia have demonstrated that a virus it carries inhibits its ability to manipulate the reproduction of its insect host and spread.

UAB is participating in a project to design functional foods against Alzheimer's disease
UAB researchers participate in an ambitious project to design functional foods for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular diseases.

Fraternity/sorority members who get drunk weekly at higher risk of injuries
Members or pledges of college fraternities and sororities are twice as likely as non-Greek students to get drunk at least weekly - and are at significantly higher risk of being injured or injuring someone else - according to new research from Wake Forest University School of Medicine.

New laser technique that strips hydrogen from silicon surfaces
A team of researchers have achieved a long-sought scientific goal: using laser light to break specific molecular bonds.

How healthy is that marsh? Biologists count parasites
In order to determine the health of salt marshes, Sea Grant scientists are counting the number of parasitic worms in common marsh snails.

Video wasted on toddlers, unless it's interactive
Your toddler can sing along with The Wiggles and knows Big Bird's face as well as she knows her own, but are those hours spent watching children's videos really helping her learn?

Hebrew University researchers succeed in observing for 1st time how DNA damage is identified
For the first time anywhere, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have succeeded in observing and describing how damaged DNA is naturally identified.

Gene first linked to rare disease may trigger skin cancer, other tumors
A gene first identified in connection with a rare disease in which patients develop multiple, benign skin tumors may be a more general player in cancers found throughout the body, according to a report in the May 19, 2006 Cell.

UT Southwestern physician helps craft first guidelines for care, diagnosis of swimmer's ear
Antiseptic or antibiotic ear drops should be the front-line treatment for people suffering from swimmer's ear, while restraint should be exercised in using oral antibiotics, according to new treatment guidelines issued as the nation's public pools prepare to open around Memorial Day.

FSU scientist's biomolecular research published in Science, Nature
For a scientist, having one's research published in a peer-reviewed journal signifies a high level of professional expertise and accomplishment.

Schepens scientists are first to discover angiogenesis switch inside blood vessel cells
Scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, are the first to discover a switch inside blood vessel cells that controls angiogenesis (new blood vessel growth).

Test for dioxin sensitivity in wildlife could result from new study
Why are chickens so sensitive to dioxins, but terns seem much more resistant, despite their exposure through eating dioxin-tainted fish?

Researchers achieve long-sought goal of using lasers to break specific molecular bonds
A team of researchers has achieved a long-sought scientific goal: using laser light to break specific molecular bonds.

Heal thyself: Systems biology model reveals how cells avoid becoming cancerous
A team of researchers used new biotechnology tools to discover an elaborate system of gene control that is triggered by damage to DNA.

Study details hepatitis C ability to block immune system response
A team of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has shed light on one mechanism the hepatitis C virus uses to inhibit the immune system and promote its own survival.

Best settings for biphasic automated defibrillators investigated
Is the automated external defibrillator hanging on the wall set up correctly?

Flooding in Suriname: International Charter activated
At least three people have been killed and an estimated 25,000 people have been displaced in Suriname as a result of flooding caused by torrential rains since 1 May.

Colombian frog believed extinct found alive
Researchers exploring a Colombian mountain range found surviving members of a species of Harlequin frog believed extinct due to a killer fungus wiping out amphibian populations in Central and South America.

Gold nanoparticles could improve antisense cancer drugs
In the fight against cancer, antisense drugs, which prevent genes from producing harmful proteins such as those that cause cancer, have the promise to be more effective than conventional drugs, but the pace of development of these new drugs has been slow.

Highlights of APA annual convention
This press release provides program highlights and logistical information for APA's 114th annual convention in New Orleans, August 10-13, 2006.

NASA presentations at American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly
NASA researchers will meet with the media and present findings on a variety of Earth and space science topics at the American Geophysical Union's 2006 Joint Assembly meeting, May 23-26 at the Baltimore Convention Center, Baltimore, Md.

Twenty high school students reach finals for US International Chemistry Olympiad Team
Twenty of the nation's top high school chemistry students, representing 12 states, will compete for a spot on the US team in the 38th annual International Chemistry Olympiad in Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea, July 2-11, 2006.

Scientists develop first comprehensive theory explaining Madagascar's rich biodiversity
For the first time, scientists offer a comprehensive theory explaining how so many animals came to be limited to such small geographic areas across Madagascar.

MAGIC discovers variable very high energy gamma-ray emission from a microquasar
In a recent issue of journal Science, the Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) Telescope has reported the discovery of a variable very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from a microquasar.

New data finds recalls of automated external defibrillators to be common
Data presented today at the Heart Rhythm Society's 27th Annual Scientific Sessions finds that during a 10-year study period more than one in five automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) were recalled due to potential malfunction.

Gossip creates friendships, it does not break them
Study finds that dishing with your enemy's enemy may turn that person into a friend.

Use marketing to improve health, say experts
Health services should borrow marketing ideas from big companies like Nike and Coca-Cola to improve people's health, say experts in this week's BMJ.

Potential new treatment strategy for Alzheimer's disease and other brain and spinal cord damage
A study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill has identified several new compounds that could play a role in preventing or treating Alzheimer's disease and other degenerative conditions of the nervous system.

Decent NHS care for older people still too patchy
Good, respectful NHS care for older people is still too patchy, argue senior members of the British Geriatrics Society in this week's BMJ.

Reducing the damage caused by cardiac arrest
Many people die of cardiac arrests, even after resuscitation. There are educational programs in CPR - but Latinos are less likely to receive CPR.

Schepens scientists are first to discover angiogenesis switch inside blood vessel cells
Scientists at Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, are the first to discover a switch inside blood vessel cells that controls angiogenesis (new blood vessel growth).
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