Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 2006
For patients with severe lung injury, less is more
Results from the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial, the largest controlled clinical trial of fluid management methods for patients with acute lung injury or its more severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), less fluid is better than more, and a shorter, less invasive central venous catheter is as helpful as and safer than a pulmonary artery catheter for monitoring patients.

New GI technologies improve internal organ visualization
As visualization technologies like ultrasound continue to improve in quality and safety, researchers are making the most of the opportunity to access new areas of internal organs that have not previously been examined without open surgery.

Falls at home among elderly cost ambulance service £145 each time
Falls among the elderly cost one ambulance service an average of £145 on every occasion, and add up to two days of crew time a month, reveals a study in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Study finds stool testing novel technique for detecting colon cancer
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that an improved version of the non-invasive fecal DNA (fDNA) test to screen for colon cancer (CRC) demonstrates a higher sensitivity for detecting cancers of the colon.

Early occupational exposure can affect lungs later
Occupational exposure to lung irritants early in a young worker's career can result in increased doctor visits for lung problems in later years, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 21.

Common painkillers associated with increased risk of first hospital admission for heart failure
Common painkillers, such as ibuprofen, are associated with a 30 percent increased risk of first hospital admission for heart failure, reveals research published ahead of print in Heart.

Metabolic syndrome significantly boosts risk of heart failure in middle age
Metabolic syndrome significantly boosts the chances of heart failure in middle age, suggests research published ahead of print in Heart.

Early cat exposure can increase some children's eczema risk
Children who are exposed to cats soon after birth may have an increased risk of developing eczema, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 21.

Patients need help finding medical information, U-M study finds
Despite the ease and availability of Internet searches, cancer patients looking for information about their disease found more information by seeking help from a librarian than by searching on their own, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Researchers uncover new mechanism of tumor suppressor
Researchers from the University of Colorado-Denver and Health Sciences Center and Stanford University have discovered a molecular mechanism that explains how cells respond to DNA damage and other acute stresses, and if disrupted can cause cancer.

Marijuana-derived drug suppresses bladder pain in animal models
IP 751, a potent synthetic analog of a metabolite of THC -- the principal active ingredient of marijuana -- effectively suppresses pain in hypersensitive bladder disorders such as interstitial cystitis, according to animal model study results presented today at the annual meeting of the American Urological Association.

Procedures beat meds to help patients fight obesity, GERD
Upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures to treat conditions like gastroesophageal reflux disease and obesity are becoming popular options, but the medical community still debates the effectiveness and safety of the procedures.

No link between short-term testosterone use and prostate cancer, study says
Testosterone does not cause adverse effects on the prostate in older men with hypogonadism, commonly known as low teststerone or low T.

Novel therapy combinations gain ground in treating hepatitis
According to recent estimates, hepatitis has become a worldwide health problem, affecting millions of people in the US and abroad.

National UK heart disease prevention threshold 'cheapest but least effective'
The UK national threshold for preventing heart disease with cholesterol lowering statins is much cheaper, but also much less effective, than either US or European recommendations, finds research published ahead of print in Heart.

Injecting stem cells from a woman's own muscle may effectively treat urinary incontinence
In the first clinical study of its kind in North America, women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were treated using muscle-derived stem cell injections to strengthen deficient sphincter muscles responsible for the condition.
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