Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 26, 2006
One-third of adults with diabetes still don't know they have it
The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in US adults age 20 and older has risen from about 5.1 percent to 6.5 percent, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), who analyzed national survey data from two periods -- 1988 to 1994 and 1999 to 2002.

Nature offers guidance on organising dynamic networks
Today, for many, computer networks are an indispensable infrastructure that interconnects people, places and organisations.

Penn researchers start new clinical trial to examine ways to improve treatment of uterine fibroids
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine are working on ways to improve the results of a non-surgical method to treat fibroids.

Penn State research shows withdrawal drug offers relief for Crohn's sufferers
A Penn State College of Medicine pilot study suggests that a drug used to ease symptoms of alcohol and drug addiction may also bring relief to people with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the intestine that affects an estimated 500,000 Americans.

Mice lacking key immune component still control chronic viral infections
Despite lack of a key component of the immune system, a line of genetically engineered mice can control chronic herpes virus infections, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Highlands and mare landscapes on the Moon
These two images, taken by the advanced Moon Imaging Experiment (AMIE) on board ESA's SMART-1 spacecraft, show the difference between lunar highlands and a mare area from close by.

Award winner
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science faculty earned top honors from another Florida university for her unique contributions to public health in 2006.

Innovations needed to monitor kidney health
A new EU-funded research project aims to develop new diagnostic approaches for early identification of patients at high risk of rapid loss of kidney function.

Technique speeds up detecting, treating wound bacteria
With a grant from the Department of Defense, Dr. Sydney Finegold of the West Los Angeles Veterans Administration Medical Center has applied new lab techniques to wound infections.

Disparities among children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
A study examined the relationship between patient health insurance coverage (as an indicator of socioeconomic status) and disease outcomes for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and found that those on Medicaid had significantly lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and higher disability.

UAB researchers confirm HIV-1 originated in wild chimpanzees
An international scientific team led by UAB researchers has discovered a crucial missing link in the search for the origin of HIV-1, the natural reservoir of the virus, which they found in wild-living chimpanzees.

Results of clipping and coiling of aneurysms are similar over time
A study led by UCSF neurologist S. Claiborne Johnston, MD, has shown that coiling of ruptured brain aneurysms is very effective during long-term follow-up, similar to outcomes with surgical clipping.

AAAS condemns British group's proposed academic boycott of Israel
The American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general science society, today urged a British teachers association to withdraw a motion calling on its members to boycott Israeli scholars and academic institutions that do not publicly declare their opposition to Israel's policies in the territories.

FSU research produces images of AIDS virus that may shape vaccine
As the world marks the 25th year since the first diagnosed case of AIDS, groundbreaking research by scientists at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla. has produced remarkable three-dimensional images of the virus and the protein spikes on its surface that allow it to bind and fuse with human immune cells.

Establishing trust between physicians and patients with rheumatic diseases
A new study examined ethnically diverse patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to determine the elements of the patient-doctor relationship associated with trust in physicians.

Firearms present 'triple threat' to battered women
Women are more likely to be killed by an intimate partner than to die at the hands of a stranger according to

Algae's protein 'tails' create motion - and aid munching
Flagella, the wee whips that set some microorganisms in motion, also help colonies of green algae take in additional nutrients.

Dartmouth study finds that arsenic inhibits DNA repair
Dartmouth researchers, working with scientists at the University of Arizona and at the Department of Natural Resources in Sonora, Mexico, have published a study on the impact of arsenic exposure on DNA damage.

IEEE-USA disappointed with Senate bill increasing H-1B visas
IEEE-USA is disappointed that the comprehensive immigration reform bill passed by the U.S.

Nobel Laureate Nüsslein-Volhard to discuss mysteries of genetics
To discuss some of the mysteries behind genetic development and explain how they determine many of our traits as human beings, Nobel Laureate Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard will present a talk,

UAB researchers find two surgical interventions for preemies have same effectiveness
Neither of the two emergency surgical interventions used to correct perforated necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a common, dangerous complication of prematurity, appears to significantly improve infants' survival and later health, according to a study by UAB researchers and colleagues.

Malaria, potato famine pathogen share surprising trait
Two wildly different pathogens - one that infects vegetables, the other infecting humans - essentially use the same protein code to get their disease-causing proteins into the cells of their respective hosts.

Lower literacy means poor health and poor health care access for older people
People aged 70 years and older with limited literacy skills are one and one half to two times as likely to have poor health and poor health care access as people with adequate or higher reading ability, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Fulbright faculty
Dr. Sharon Smith, has received a Fulbright Scholar Award and will spend nine months in Oman teaching and studying zooplankton changes during the monsoon season, especially as they relate to global warming models that forecast important changes to the marine food web there.

New technology detects risks of drugs to heart sooner
A new technology to enable pharmaceutical companies to determine more effectively, and earlier on in clinical trials, whether an experimental drug is toxic to the heart has taken an important step toward the marketplace.

War and peace research gives voice to children
Little is known about children's perceptions of war, peace and terrorism.
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