Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2006
ENERGY STAR®: Government rewards businesses and utilities with Market Transformation Awards
Businesses and utilities across Canada that promote energy efficiency to Canadians were recently recognized by the Government of Canada.

MR spectroscopy significantly reduces need for breast biopsy
Researchers have found that imaging suspicious breast lesions with magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy reduced the need for biopsy by 58 percent.

Tulane receives grant for study of tissue restoration after traumatic injury
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded a one-year grant of nearly $3.9 million to a group of scientists led by Ken Muneoka, professor of cell and molecular biology at Tulane University, to investigate restoring tissues lost to traumatic injury.

Epidemic of unneeded amputations
An amputation epidemic is developing for those with diabetes and other vascular system complications.

New approach allows closer look at smoker lungs
Aided by a powerful imaging technique, scientists have discovered they can detect smoking-related lung damage in healthy smokers who otherwise display none of the telltale signs of tobacco use.

Physicists persevere in quest for inexhaustible energy source
As gas prices soar and greenhouse gases continue to blanket the atmosphere, the need for a clean, safe and cheap source of energy has never seemed more pressing.

Two UH grads a step closer to realizing 'The American Dream'
After leaving their native countries, two recent University of Houston graduates have been pursuing the American dream.

Proba-2: Extending ESA's commitment to technological innovation
Proba-2, currently under development and due for launch in September 2007, is the second in ESA's series of small, low-cost satellites that are being used to validate new spacecraft technologies while also carrying scientific instruments.

Trial success for diabetic nerve therapy
A potentially ground-breaking treatment for nerve damage caused by diabetes has shown promising results in preclinical and early patient trials.

Interiors of extrasolar planets: A first step
A team of European astronomers, led by T. Guillot (CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, France), will publish a new study of the physics of Pegasids (also known as hot Jupiters) in Astronomy & Astrophysics.

May/June 2006 Annals of Family Medicine Tip Sheet
This tip sheet reviews highlights of the May/June 2006 issue of the Annals of Family Medicine including topics such as patient choice and cesarean and vaginal delivery, medical liability, and the importance of communication in the physician/patient relationship.

UW-Madison professor to coordinate US fusion science effort
A University of Wisconsin-Madison professor will be the liaison between United States plasma and fusion science researchers and a group that is building the US share of ITER, an international fusion experiment that eventually could lead to an abundant, economical and environmentally benign energy source.

The search for new applications for laser light beams
At the Department of Applied Physics at the University of the Basque Country School of Engineering they are using laser light in studies to look for new applications.

Development of baking powder receives historical recognition
The American Chemical Society will designate the discovery of baking powder - which made baking easier, quicker and more reliable - a National Historic Chemical Landmark in a special ceremony on June 12 in East Providence, Rhode Island.

Combination of three new, high-powered MRI systems at PENN is a first in the US
The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) is now home to three brand new, state-of-the-art, high powered MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) systems.

Satellite images obtained by AAAS program provide strong evidence of Zimbabwe repression
Satellite images captured under a pioneering program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) provide powerful evidence that the government of Zimbabwe has destroyed an entire settlement and relocated thousands of residents as part of a campaign against political opponents.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of The Journal of Neuroscience includes the following articles:

New protein target may advance design of HIV and cancer drugs
Using small molecules containing platinum, Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers have created a process to inhibit a class of proteins important in HIV and cancer.

Chinese adoption marks new wave of migration to America
A new book by a University of Alberta researcher delves into one of the latest chapters in United States migration -- the growing phenomenon of adopting Chinese children into American homes.

Extending the reach of disaster relief from fire to flood
Different disasters require different responses and, in turn, multiple technological solutions, which is a costly duplication of resources.

Climate change responsible for increased hurricanes
Human induced climate change, rather than naturally occurring ocean cycles, may be responsible for the recent increases in frequency and strength of North Atlantic hurricanes, according to Penn State and Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers.

Hypnotherapy improves quality of life for people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
75 patients with IBS reported improved symptoms and quality of life after taking part in hypnotherapy sessions.

UCI among recipients of $3.9 million grant advancing wound healing research
UC Irvine will take part in a multi-institutional program to better understand how deep wounds can be healed following traumatic injury -- research that also could lead to significant advances in the field of limb regeneration.

Iraq's marshes show progress toward recovery
Reflooding of Iraq's destroyed Mesopotamian marshes since 2003 has resulted in the reestablishment of many native invertebrates, plants, fish, and birds, according to an article in the June issue of BioScience.

New MRI technique shows emphysema in asymptomatic smokers
A new imaging method has revealed early signs of emphysema in smokers with no external symptoms of the disease.

Knowledge of infection may prevent spread of herpes virus
A new study suggests that the risk of transmitting the virus that causes most cases of genital herpes could be cut in half by more testing and informing sexual partners of infection.

Mowing the lawn is not child's play
With summer approaching and the school year coming to a close, thousands of children across the country will take on a familiar chore - mowing the lawn.

On World NO Tobacco Day the ESC urges governments to spread smoking bans & tax tobacco
On World No Tobacco Day, the European Society of Cardiology would like to urge government officials to protect their citizens by implementing comprehensive smoking bans and imposing high taxes on tobacco products.

U of MN study finds health education helps African American light smokers kick the habit
The first clinical trial to focus on light smokers shows that African Americans are motivated to quit more by completing health education than by using nicotine gum.

Research suggests cause of neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease
The severe neurodegeneration associated with Huntington's disease may result from molecular mutations that block the transport of nutrients within cells.

The loss of a protein favors lung tumor growth
The researcher Zafira Castaño has discovered that the loss of a protein in the early phases of lung cancer favors tumor growth.

International study launched testing new drug combination to cut cardiovascular disease
UK researchers announce launch of a multi-million pound international study on 20,000 patients to test a new drug combination to cut cardiovascular disease.

Tramiprosate (Alzhemed™) preclinical results published in Neurobiology of Aging
Neurochem Inc. is pleased to announce that Neurobiology of Aging, one of the world's leading peer-reviewed medical journals in the fields of gerontology and neuroscience, has published an online version of a publication on the preclinical development of tramiprosate (3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid; Alzhemed™), including efficacy results in a mouse model of brain amyloidosis.

Ritalin packs punch by elevating norepinephrine, suppressing nerve signal transmissions
Methylphenidate (Ritalin) elevates norepinephrine levels in the brain to help focus attention and suppresses nerve signal transmissions in the sensory pathways to help block out extraneous stimuli.

UCLA/VA study: Many patients not receiving follow-up tests after positive screening for colon cancer
A UCLA/Veteran's Affairs study showed that more than 40 percent of patients who initially had received a positive result on a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) -- an initial screening tool for colon cancer -- did not receive appropriate diagnostic follow-up tests such as a colonoscopy or barium enema in 2002.

Smoking messages miss Asian Americans
For many Korean-American immigrants, the social benefits of cigarettes may trump any health concerns, according to a new baseline study of Korean smokers from the Center for Asian Health at Temple University.
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