Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 02, 2006
Application of intelligent materials to automotive parts
The Jury of the VI Accenture Awards for the Best Thesis at the University School of Engineering in Bilbao has awarded the prize to Estibaliz Medina Ugarte.

New book explores causes of ADHD
In his new book,

Stevens and Monmouth Presidents to co-chair ASBPA National Scientific Shore and Beach Conference
Dr. Harold J. Raveché, president of Stevens Institute of Technology and Vice Adm.

National Academies advisory: Indian Point nuclear power plant
Alternatives to the Indian Point energy center for meeting New York electric power needs, new from the National Academies' National Research Council, examines whether it would be possible to replace the energy lost if Indian Point - which provides one-quarter of the electricity used by New York City and the lower Hudson Valley - were closed.

Five US university students win scholarships to present glass-related research in India
At the 15th International Symposium on Non-Oxide and Optical Glasses (ISNOG) in Bangalore, students discuss their work with chalcogenide glasses, nanotechnology, and more.

A cleaner, greener rice industry
In a new partnership, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is working with the member countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) to develop a series of environmental indicators for rice production in the region.

Explore frontiers of science at June 7 congressional exhibition
Fascinating explorations through a broad spectrum of science will be explained at the Coalition for National Science Funding (CNSF) 12th Annual Exhibition & Reception.

Enhanced brain response to smoking cues found in African American compared with caucasian smokers
African American smokers show greater brain activations in response to smoking cues, such as images of individuals smoking, than Caucasian smokers, according to researchers at the University of Minnesota.

NASAs civil aeronautics program
Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics - Foundation for the Future, a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council, provides a list of high-priority aeronautics research projects NASA should pursue to improve the air transportation system and help the U.S. remain a world leader in the field.

It's never too late to 'hurry up' angioplasty treatment
Slicing minutes off the time it takes hospitals to deliver emergency angioplasty (the

Exercise reverses unhealthy effects of inactivity
Many of the detrimental effects of physical inactivity can be reversed, and in some cases improved, by a similar period of moderate exercise.

How the latest learning technology takes the rap
The University of Leicester is spearheading research on how student learning can be enhanced by downloading audio onto personal MP3 players -- known as

New funding targets greater understanding of China, Japan, Eastern Europe and arabic-speaking world
Today, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), and the Scottish Funding Council (SFC) announce the launch of five new collaborative centres as part of their joint £25million Language Based Area Studies initiative.

Vitamin D targets thrombosis in cancer patients
A biologically active metabolite of Vitamin D3 reduced thrombosis, a serious complication in advanced cancers that affects between 15 and 20 percent of all patients.

Treating obesity may improve the efficacy of therapy for hepatitis C
According to a new study, obese patients chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and treated with combination drug therapy may have better outcomes if the underlying abnormalities caused by excessive fat tissue are corrected.

AIDS drugs have saved 3 million years of life in the US
Increasingly effective HIV therapy--including a decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)--has provided 3 million years of extended life to Americans with AIDS since 1989, report researchers funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Scientists celebrate stem cell business success
UK scientists are embarking on an international stem cell business collaboration with a US company, which will bring them another step closer to developing new patient therapies.

Men and women may need different heart transplant assessment criteria
Peak oxygen consumption during an exercise test is one of the key criteria used to determine when a heart failure patient may need a heart transplant, but the standard values currently used may not accurately predict outcomes for female patients, according to a new study in the June 6, 2006, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Lehigh receives $1.8 million from Howard Hughes Medical Institute for bioscience education
Lehigh University is one of 50 institutions receiving a total of more than $86 million over the next four years from HHMI.

Study finds sizeable underutilization of hip and knee replacement procedures
A Duke University study reports that of those men and women whose physicians recommended a total hip or knee replacement, a staggering 92 and 88 percent, respectively, did not take advantage of these surgical procedures, despite their safety, success rates and long-term positive outcomes.

Duke University study finds hearing aids are underused
Hearing loss can contribute to strained relationships with family and friends, depression and even a deterioration of basic well-being, but only one in five Americans who could benefit from a hearing aid has one - and just one-third of those who have hearing aids use them.

Overweight and obesity enlarges teenagers' hearts
The effects of excess weight on heart health can be seen even in adolescents, with abnormal enlargement and impaired pumping function evident in subjects by age 20, according to a new study in the June 6, 2006, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Gene therapy prevents the onset of diabetic symptoms in mice
Using state-of-the-art gene therapy techniques, University of Pittsburgh investigators have successfully prevented the onset of elevated blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, in diabetes-prone mice by inserting a gene encoding for a cytokine -- a protein that stimulates or inhibits the proliferation or function of immune cells -- into their insulin-producing cells.

ASCO and ESMO announce Consensus Statement on Quality Cancer Care
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), two of the world's leading oncology societies, today released a joint Consensus Statement on Quality Cancer Care for patients across the globe.

Education and guidelines needed for genetic testing in liver disease
A new commentary on genetic testing suggests that professional organizations and physicians involved in liver diseases should be actively engaged in developing evidence-based genetic testing guidelines, community education programs, and clinical practice recommendations.

Nuclear research sites: Minister Lunn announces $520-million cleanup
The new Government of Canada today announced a five-year, $520-million commitment to begin cleanup of

Farm kids almost twice as likely to die from injury as children overall
A new, retrospective study shows that young farm children, particularly boys, are about twice as likely as the total population of young Canadian children to die from an injury.

Building new cultural knowledge services with BRICKS
If citizens are to access the wealth of cultural knowledge, tucked away in books, films, photographs and historical artefacts spread across museums, libraries and archives and if cultural organisations are to make the most out of their resources innovative digital solutions such as those currently being built are needed.

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh receives congressional recognition as pediatric transplant leader
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh has received congressional recognition as the world's premiere center for pediatric transplantation for the past 25 years, longer than any other center in the world.
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