Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 07, 2006
First comprehensive literature-derived database of yeast interactions
Researchers have built the first comprehensive manually-generated, literature-based, database of genetic and protein interactions.

'LEGO-Like' building blocks to halt cell growth wins Hebrew University prize
A method for delivery of drugs to targeted cells through the design of specific molecular structures called SIB (Small Integrated Building Blocks) has won a prestigious scientific prize for a Ph.D. student in organic chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Pick your COX partners
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine report that the COX enzymes - well-known for their contrasting role in cardiovascular biology - interact physically to form a previously unrecognized biochemical partnership and function in the development of blood vessels in a mouse model.

Koshland Science Museum Program: Animals and their habitat
The Marian Koshland Science Museum presents

Forming super-Earths by ultraviolet stripping
A new explanation for forming

UNH space scientists deliver twin instruments to NASA
Space scientists at the University of New Hampshire have delivered two identical instruments designed and built at UNH's Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS) for NASA's Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, or STEREO, mission - slated for launch in late July.

Worthy purse strings tie Vera Bradley Foundation $6.8 M gift to IU Cancer Center
The Vera Bradley Foundation for Breast Cancer is increasing its support of the Indiana University Cancer Center with a $6.8 million gift, bringing the total commitment by the Fort Wayne, Indiana-based foundation to more than $10 million in gifts to IU.

Evidence human activities have shaped large-scale ecological patterns
A new study published in the Journal of Biogeography provides some of the first evidence that ecological patterns at large spatial scales have been significantly altered within recent human history suggesting a role for human activities as potential drivers.

Study aims to cut deaths from severe infection in hospital wards
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh are aiming to reduce the risks posed by a life-threatening condition which affects four in ten of Scottish intensive care patients.

The World Cup straight to your pocket
With the countdown well and truly under way to the biggest sporting extravaganza on the planet, a European research initiative is hoping the 2006 World Cup will kick-start its own plans to bring cross-media content closer to the consumer.

NIH holds state-of-the-science conference on tobacco use, June 12-14
An impartial, independent panel will be charged with reviewing the available scientific evidence on prevention, cessation, and control of tobacco use.

Flood forecasting for Newfoundland and Labrador available online
Residents of the town of Badger, located in the central region of Newfoundland and Labrador, are accessing satellite radar imagery used for forecasting floods straight from their computers.

Trials for new drug to overcome HIV
A revolutionary drug that could help overcome HIV's growing resistance to existing antiviral drugs is about to undergo trials this month.

First whole-genome scan for links to OCD reveals evidence for genetic susceptibility
A federally funded team of researchers including several from Johns Hopkins have identified six regions of the human genome that might play a role in susceptibility to obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD.

Mysterious carbon excess found in infant solar system
Astronomers at the Carnegie Institution detected unusually high quantities of carbon, the basis of all terrestrial life, in an infant solar system around nearby star Beta Pictoris.

'Immersidata' improves interactive game development user-testing
User testing is a critical element in creating interactive media for entertainment or education -- books have been written about it.

How NASA will avoid double Hubble trouble
When NASA had the embarrassment of launching the Hubble Space Telescope only to find it didn't focus properly, astronauts were able to fix the fault in space.

Diabetes research takes wing thanks to long-lived fruit fly
The creation of an extraordinarily long-lived fruit fly by genetics researchers has led scientists down an unexpected new path in the fight against diabetes.

New contrast agents may be on horizon for better medical imaging
Research by scientists based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign may lead to the development of a new breed of

Device that aids people with muscular dystrophy wins inaugural WPI Entrepreneurship Award
A motorized brace that enables people suffering from Muscular Dystrophy to perform simple tasks with their hands and gain a greater degree of independence -- a device developed by a faculty member and two graduate students at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) -- was honored with the inaugural WPI Kalenian Award for entrepreneurship.

Sandia tool speeds up environmental cleanup, reopening of contaminated facilities
Sandia tool speeds up environmental cleanup, reopening of contaminated facilities .

Policy makers draw up list of 'top 100' ecological questions
Environmental policy makers have come up with a list of the

Large-scale genomics project will hunt genes behind common childhood diseases
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is launching an ambitious program to identify the genes responsible for common childhood diseases.

Researchers to develop ultra-miniature implantable sensors to measure blood flow
Physicians and surgeons will someday monitor a patient's blood flow, blood pressure and temperature with tiny, implanted devices, thanks to research being conducted by a Cornell University professor and an Ithaca-area high-tech firm.

Hopkins researchers discover potential new approach to treating diabetes
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have uncovered a surprising and novel way of lowering blood sugar levels in mice by manipulating the release of sugar by liver cells.

Koshland Science Museum Program: A Look at the World of Insects
The Marian Koshland Science Museum presnts

Paying to prevent diabetes is cost effective
A study published in the June issue of the journal Diabetes Care has found that it would be cost effective for Medicare to pay for diabetes prevention at age 50 rather than to deny prevention benefits until age 65 when many individuals will have already developed the disease.

Brain region linked to fly slumber
Researchers at Northwestern University have pinpointed a brain area in flies that is crucial to sleep, raising interesting speculation over the purpose of sleep and its possible link with learning and memory.

Origen publishes in Nature a robust and versatile method for creating transgenic chickens
Scientists from Origen Therapeutics have developed a method of genetically modifying chickens that, for the first time, puts avian transgenics on a par with transgenic mice.

Female birds boost up their eggs when hearing sexy song
In a new study published in the latest issue of Ethology researchers show that female songbirds can alter the size of eggs and possibly the sex of their chicks according to how they perceive their mate's quality.

Public Library of Science announces PLoS ONE: A new approach to open-access publishing
Public Library of Science unveils PLoS ONE, a new approach to open-access publishing.

UBC researchers find stroke death channel
New therapies for stroke patients may soon be possible, thanks to a discovery made by a team of University of British Columbia neuroscience researchers who have found a new stroke death channel - the conduit through which key chemicals are lost from brain cells during stroke, causing the cell death that disables stroke victims.

Transcription factor protein's role in cell death, neurodegeneration and schizophrenia
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine discovered that a protein called Elk-1 interacts with mitochondria, the energy storehouse of a cell, suggesting that this protein -- typically active in the nucleus -- could play a role in cell death and mitochondria-related diseases such as neurodegeneration and schizophrenia.

Novel non-invasive imaging technology may allow precise diagnosis of coronary artery disease
A study focusing on a new non-invasive imaging technology -- one that may enable more precise diagnosis of coronary artery disease and treatment tailoring in individual patients -- was released by Israeli researchers at SNM's 53rd Annual Meeting June 3-7 in San Diego.

First trimester use of ACE inhibitors implicated in birth defects
The Food and Drug Administration is examining study data from Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers, published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine, to determine if new warnings should be placed on common blood pressure medications indicating an increased risk of birth defects for babies whose mothers take these medications during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Stevens Institute of Technology Roundtable
Dr. S. Vincent Grasso, an adjunct professor of chemistry and chemical biology at Stevens Institute of Technology and founder of Technology Integrations for Medical Applications Inc.

Sensational find: The mini-dinosaurs from the Harz Mountains
The unusually small dinosaur fossils found 1998 in Germany were not the remains of a group of young dinosaurs., but of adults - a scientific sensation: at a maximum estimated weight of one tonne they were only a fiftieth the weight of their closest relatives, the brachiosaurs, and thus by far the smallest of the giant dinosaurs which have ever been found.

Producing bio-ethanol from agricultural waste a step closer
Research conducted by Delft University of Technology has brought the efficient production of the environmentally-friendly fuel bio-ethanol a great deal closer to fruition.

Careers of elderly deserve better: ANU study
The education and training opportunities provided by nursing homes for staff who care for elderly residents is worryingly inadequate, particularly for those caring for dementia patients, according to a pilot study conducted by ANU researchers.

$478,000 grant funds Florida Tech undergraduate astronomy research
The grant comes through a partnership between the National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program and the Department of Defense (DoD) ASSURE (Awards to Stimulate and Support Undergraduate Research Experiences) program.

University launches Pinot noir research
The University of Auckland's Faculty of Science has received a donation from Liquorland Limited to fund research into New Zealand viticulture and winemaking.

Canadian Coast Guard selects digital satellite communications system
The Canadian Coast Guard has selected the Canadian company Telesat to provide ship to shore communications via satellite.

New study shows earthquake shaking triggers aftershocks
A new analysis of earthquake data indicates that aftershocks are triggered by the shaking associated with the mainshock, rather than by the added stress on nearby faults resulting from rearrangement of the Earth's crust.

New way to assess risk of heart disease in ethnic groups
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