Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2006
Next generation of science stars: 5 female scientists receive 2006 L'Oréal USA fellowships
L'Oréal USA announced today the recipients of its esteemed 2006 Fellowships for Women In Science at an awards ceremony at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

Bacteria have their own immune system protecting against outside DNA
Bacteria have a complicated immune system that helps them recognize and isolate foreign DNA trying to invade their cell membrane, according to a University of Washington-led study in the June 8 issue of Science Express.

Designer gradients speed surface science experiments
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated an elegantly simple technique for synthesizing a wide variety of complex

New step toward treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
The team led by Dr. Jacques P. Tremblay, a researcher with the Human Genetics Department at Quebec City's Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ) and professor with Université Laval's Faculty of Medicine, has taken an important step toward a cure for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Gene discovery opens door to tackling disease
Western Australian researchers have discovered a new gene that could lead to breakthroughs in breast and prostate cancer, as well as diabetes.

Salk scientists get to the root of plant cell fate
Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies studying the frumpy wild mustard plant Arabidopsis thaliana recently determined why plants with a defective TOPLESS gene form an extra root where the shoot should be.

OHSU researchers discover possible HIV therapy in an animal study
OHSU researchers have published a new study this week suggesting an important component of the immune system damaged by AIDS can possibly be replaced.

Repeat corticosteroids for pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery could be beneficial
Giving pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery repeat doses of corticosteroids* can reduce illness in their newborn babies, suggest the results of an early trial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

EU's free trade rules exacerbate alcohol-related harm
Europe's commitment to the common market is contributing to alcohol-related harm by forcing member states to put free trade before health, states an Editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Major grant to IU School of Medicine will expand HIV/AIDS programs in Kenya
The Indiana University School of Medicine has been awarded a $8.9 million federal grant to expand its highly regarded HIV/AIDS programs in Kenya, tripling the number of patients who will be receiving anti-retroviral drug treatments.

JCI table of contents, June 8, 2006
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online on June 8, 2006 in the JCI, including: HtrA1 protein contributes to the development of resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian and gastric cancers; A matter of fat: ghrelin hormone promotes storage of energy as fat; Selective enzyme interaction contributes to cardiac hypertrophy, and others.

UW-Madison hybrid-vehicle team places second nationally
A group of engineering students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has spent the last three years building one of the cleanest and most fuel-efficient SUVs in North America.

Men infer sexual interest before women do
Study confirms that men oversexualize women following brief interactions.

US gov't approves multi-million $ wild bird avian flu surveillance network
In an effort to improve the tracking of avian influenza, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has awarded $5 million in support for a new initiative that will monitor wild bird populations for the disease around the globe, according to the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), which will spearhead the project involving more than a dozen private and public partners.

New study shows much of the world emerged from last Ice Age together
New study of the timing of retreat of glaciers around the world shows that the Earth warmed in a synchronous manner at the same time that CO2 levels were rising at the end of the last Ice Age 17,500 years ago, except for the North Atlantic, which remained cold for another 2,500 years.

How to 'infect' students with a love of science
A bacteriophage-

Stevens in agreement with Competitive Technologies to commercialize Stevens' IP worldwide
Stevens Institute of Technology today announced that it has signed an exclusive service and representation agreement with Competitive Technologies, Inc.

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine
Not all bacteria are bad. In fact, beneficial microbes could represent the future of medicine, with the potential to treat a variety of diseases in humans and animals from diarrhea and eczema to gum disease and autoimmune disorders, according to a report released by the American Academy of Microbiology, Probiotic Microbes: The Scientific Basis.

HHMI professor's phage-hunters strike pay dirt
Pittsburgh high school and college students, encouraged by their teachers to dig in the dirt, have isolated and characterized 30 viruses that infect bacteria.

More than one-third of disaster victims may suffer from stress disorder
In the year after a hurricane, tornado, terrorist attack or other natural or man-made disaster, 30 to 40 percent of adults who were directly affected may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a University of Michigan researcher.

Space is dusty, and now astronomers know why
Astronomers discover that space dust, the source of life in the Universe, comes from supernovae

HtrA1 and resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian and gastric cancers
In the July issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Viji Shridhar and colleagues from the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine show that two antitumor agents, cisplatin and paclitaxel, increase the expression of the protein HtrA1 in ovarian carcinoma cells, which induces cell death.

A new initiative in biodiversity research
DFG establishes the first exploratories in Germany

New Zealand's Maoris receiving more hospital care of suboptimal standard than non-Maoris
The quality of hospital care received by New Zealand's indigenous Maori population may be poorer than that received by New Zealand citizens of non-Maori origin, according to a paper in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Bone marrow may restore cells lost in vision diseases
The finding by University of Florida scientists may shatter the belief that a cell layer vital for eyesight called the retinal pigment epithelium is a nonrenewable resource.

The long and the short of it: Expanding small RNA biology in mammals
In independent studies, Drs. Haifan Lin (Duke University) and Toshiaki Watanabe (Kyoto University) and colleagues report on their identification of novel small RNAs in the mouse germline.

Study finds greater religious involvement associated with lower mortality risk
Social relationships that tend to thrive in church settings can have a positive affect on an older person's longevity, according to the latest issue of The Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences (Vol.

The mystery behind love-hate relationships
People who see their relationships as either all good or all bad tend to have low self-esteem.

Georgetown research leads to first cancer vaccine
More than twenty years of collaborative research in the Georgetown lab of Dr.

Circuit board materials may like it hot (or not)
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and DuPont Electronic Technologies have demonstrated a nondestructive method for measuring how temperature affects the electrical properties of three common circuit board materials, a tool for designing circuits and substrates with improved performance and enabling faster and easier testing.

Springer announces launch of Brain Imaging and Behavior
Springer will launch Brain Imaging and Behavior in 2007. The journal will be of broad interest to researchers and clinicians in fields concerned with brain/behavior relationships such as neuropsychology, psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, radiology, rehabilitation and cognitive neuroscience.

Launch of Nation-wide study for early detection of ovarian cancer
A multidisciplinary team of researchers from the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC), and the universities of Sherbrooke, Laval, Quebec, McGill and Calgary have launched a multi-centre study designed for early identification of women at risk of ovarian cancer (OC).

Health professionals must help tackle climate change
Climate change is a major public health threat which health professionals must help to tackle, argues an expert in this week's BMJ.

Researcher develops better way to detect shock
A novel medical device in development may give providers a better measure than traditional means in gauging just how well a severely injured patient is faring, especially during long evacuation flights.

New industry body for pharmaceuticals sector
Australia's pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries have a new peak industry group, the Pharmaceuticals Industry Council (PIC).

Researchers build an ultrasound version of the laser
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and at the University of Missouri at Rolla have built an ultrasound analogue of the laser -- the uaser (WAY-zer).

How cow warts, clergy sex surveys moved along cancer vaccine
The creation of a successful vaccine against cervical cancer, approved today by the U.S.

UF pediatric geneticist named to prestigious society
A UF Genetics Institute researcher considered one of the world's leading scientists and physicians for Prader-Willi Syndrome recently was inducted into the Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars.

Gazelles shrink liver and heart to reduce oxygen consumption during drought
How do gazelles and other large desert mammals adjust their physiology to survive when food and water are in short supply?

Seeing beyond the gray areas: New tool uncovers the importance of the brain's white matter
Up until now there has been very little known about the brain's white matter-a new tool is about to change that.

NHS could save £2bn by using generic cholesterol drugs
The NHS in England could save over £2bn in the next five years if doctors simply switched patients to cheaper generic cholesterol lowering drugs (statins), say two senior doctors in this week's BMJ.

Wiley-VCH expands its partnership with Asian chemical societies
Wiley-VCH today announced the cooperation with the Singapore National Institute of Chemistry and the Chemical Society Located in Taipei, China as partner societies for the new publication, Chemistry - An Asian Journal.

Protein from the wrong side of the tracks aids cancer virus
A protein made by a cancer-causing virus using an unusual gene enables that virus to infect immune cells and persist in the host, new research shows.

Avantogen and Innovate announce ASCO abstracts
Avantogen Limited (

Are antibiotics being used for too long?
Taking antibiotics for three days is just as effective for community acquired pneumonia as continuing treatment for the recommended 7-10 days, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Warfarin remains gold-standard for preventing stroke in patients with heart abnormality
Despite their side effects, treatments like warfarin are still the best way to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (an abnormal heart rhythm), according to a paper in this week's issue of The Lancet.

AGI publishes Coal and the Environment
To highlight the importance of coal in our daily lives and the environmental concerns that are associated with its mining and use, the American Geological Institute (AGI) has published Coal and the Environment (ISBN 0-922152-77-2) as part of the Environmental Awareness Series.

NIST bullet tests make frangibles more tangible
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are measuring precisely the disintegration of

Mosquito immune system examined
Mosquitoes employ the same immune factors to fight off bacterial pathogens as they do to kill malaria-causing Plasmodium parasites, according to a study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Warning for budding young footballers playing in new boots
As the World Cup kicks off, doctors in this week's BMJ report an unusual condition that can develop in budding young footballers.

MUHC announces a transplant first in Quebec
Doctors at the MUHC have announced Quebec's first successful combined heart/liver transplant.

Important study facts often missing in media reports about medical research
News stories about medical research, often based on initial findings presented at professional conferences, frequently omit basic facts about the study and fail to highlight important limitations, warn Dartmouth researchers in the latest issue of the Medical Journal of Australia.

Saving the planet, from a mathematical perspective
2005 Kyoto Prize winner Dr. Simon Levin to give lecture in July, 2006 on Saving the Planet from a Mathematical Perspective.

June GEOSPHERE media highlights
The June issue of GEOSPHERE, published in electronic format only by the Geological Society of America, is now available online.

Recent, rapid climate change is driving evolution of animal species
Rapid climate changes over the past several decades have led to heritable, genetic changes in animals as diverse as squirrels, birds and mosquitoes, according to University of Oregon evolutionary geneticists.

Massive-star supernovae found to be major space dust factories
An unaccounted for source of space dust which spawns life in the universe has been identified by an international team of scientists.

Mechanism for neurodenegerative diseases linked to transport proteins
Hampering the transport of proteins within cells may underlie several adult-onset neurodegenerative diseases, such as Huntington's, ALS and Kennedy disease.

University student named Young Scientist of the Year
Three University of Auckland students have been named in the MacDiarmid Young Scientists of the Year Awards, including the winner of the overall title of Young Scientist of the Year.
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