Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 13, 2006
Adult stem cell research at UB targets damaged hearts
A specialist in stem cell biology at the University at Buffalo has received a $1.98 million grant from National Institutes of Health to investigate the potential of bone marrow-derived adult stem cells to treat the serious heart malfunction known as hibernating myocardium.

Manual vs device-assisted CPR
In an editorial in the June 14th edition of JAMA, Roger J.

Harmful Algal Blooms monitored from space in Chile
Chile is currently the world's largest producer of farmed salmon and has a burgeoning mussel culture industry that is supplying a growing world market.

Erotic images elicit strong response from brain
A new study suggests the brain is quickly turned on and

Carnegie Mellon researchers teach computers to perceive three dimensions in 2-D images
New machine learning techniques make it possible for computers to learn how to discern the geometric context of natural scenes, which has been a major roadblock for computer vision.

Yale ovarian cancer detection technology licensed in China by SurExam
Yale University Office of Cooperative Research today announced that it has granted an exclusive license agreement with the Chinese company SurExam Life Science & Technology (Shenzhen) Co. for the commercialization of the university's blood testing technology for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).

Excavation of UNC founder Davie's home finds no evidence it was burned by Union troops
Artifacts suggest that the South Carolina site that archaeology students and faculty from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have been excavating was indeed the home of UNC founder William R.

Europe set for perfect views of ISS
Conditions in Europe are set to be ideal for perfect views of the International Space Station (ISS) as it passes overhead up to four times a night this coming weekend.

UCSD researchers develop 'smart petri dish'
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have developed what they call a

Researchers develop fail-safe techniques for erasing magnetic storage media
What if you absolutely, positively must delete all data from a computer drive -- beyond any hope of recovering it?

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of The Journal Neuroscience features the following studies: Glucocorticoids, Leptin, and Endocannabinoids in the PVN; Temperament and the Response to Monetary Incentives; Stimulating Risk-Taking Behavior; and Making Schwann Cells from Skin Precursors.

The brain, hormones and behavior focus of briefings at international meeting June 19-22
Living longer, the perils of puberty and aggression in men -- each is focused on the interaction between hormones and the brain and its influence on behavior.

A multimedia archaeological tour on your mobile phone
An Italian-led research project is developing a service that allows visitors to use their camera-equipped 3G mobile telephones to get a personalised multimedia guide to archaeological sites and museums.

Stevens' CSW begins list of 100 Greatest Science Books
Stevens Institute of Technology's Center for Science Writings is in the initial stages of compiling a list of

Beckham's love life is more on children's minds than dolls or Playstations
David Beckham's love life is more on the minds of seven-year-old children than their toys or clothing, according to new research from the University of Bath.

Weekend workers are mostly women
More women than men are working weekends new research from the DeGroote School of Business at McMaster University shows.

Indiana seed fund invests in breast cancer detection startup company
One of Indiana University's newest life science ventures, CS-Keys, Inc., has been awarded $285,000 from the Indiana Seed Fund.

Consumption of fish oil does not appear to protect against abnormal heart rhythms
Patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator did not have a significantly lower risk of serious abnormal heart rhythms or death by consuming fish oil supplements, which had been thought to have a protective effect, according to a study in the June 14 issue of JAMA.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs may be useful in an influenza pandemic
Recent concerns about the possibility of a serious influenza pandemic have spurred many countries to start stockpiling vaccines and antiviral agents.

Stevens 'Disruptive Technologies Roundtable' #1, June 28
Dr. Helena S. Wisniewski, vice president for university research & enterprise development at Stevens Institute of Technology, will organize and host a series of monthly

Overcoming the debilitating loss of a loved one
Paper elaborates on a new syndrome attached to those who are unable to process the loss of a significant person.

NYU researchers decorate virus particles, showing potential to enhance MRI capabilities
Researchers at New York University have made chemical modifications to nanometer sized virus particles--a process that has the potential to improve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques.

Four out of five head lice resistant to common treatment
Four out of five head lice are resistant to a common treatment used to eradicate them, finds a study of Welsh schoolchildren, published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Experimental vaccine protects lab animals against several strains of H5N1
Nations are preparing to stockpile vaccines against H5N1, the strain of influenza virus that experts fear could cause the next flu pandemic.

New analytical techniques developed to quantify composition of fake anti-malarials
Researchers led by the Georgia Institute of Technology are developing novel analytical chemistry techniques to detect and quantify the contents of counterfeit anti-malarial drugs and other fake pharmaceuticals.

A link between obesity and memory? Saint Louis University research makes the connection
Low levels of leptin also could be related to cognitive programs in disorders like type 2 diabetes,new Saint Louis University research finds.

Risk for skin lesions increases with low-dose exposure to arsenic in drinking water
Millions of people are exposed to low doses of arsenic through drinking water.

Smokers with heavily lined faces run five times the risk of progressive lung disease (COPD)
Middle aged smokers, who are heavily lined with wrinkles, are five times as likely to have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD for short, suggests research published ahead of print in Thorax.

LSUHSC research finds evidence of RNA in structures essential to cell division
Research led by Mark Alliegro, PhD, Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center at New Orleans, provides evidence for the first time that centrosomes, which play a key role in cell division, may carry their own genetic machinery, answering a controversial question of long standing.

Drug banned by sports may be good for oldies
A world-first pilot study suggests that anabolic steroids, best known for doping in sports, may in fact help older people recover better after joint replacement surgery.

Patients with history of cancer at increased risk for acquiring and dying from sepsis
Hospitalized patients with a history of cancer are at a ten-fold increased risk of acquiring and subsequently dying from sepsis-- a severe immune response to an infection--compared to hospitalized patients without cancer.

Vitamin A deficiency linked to major intestinal surgery
Major intestinal surgery, including stomach reduction for obesity, may boost the chances of subsequent vitamin A deficiency, suggests a small study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Manual chest compressions are better than automated for treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) works better than an automated chest compression device, according to emergency medicine researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine reporting in today's Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

UCI scientists find chlorine may contribute to ozone formation
Standard methods of predicting air pollution don't take atmospheric chlorine into account, but the chemical could be responsible for 10 percent or more of daily ozone production in local air, research at UC Irvine has found.

Rangeland repair enters phase 2
Texas Agricultural Experiment Station scientists are creating a cookbook of sorts to improve water quality and training land at Fort Hood.

Compact tidal generator could reduce the cost of producing electricity from flowing water
What happens if you run an electric motor backwards? That is exactly what researchers Dr Steve Turnock and Dr Suleiman Abu-Sharkh from the University of Southampton asked themselves after they had successfully built an electric motor for tethered underwater vehicles, using funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Pancreatic cancer surgery can help those over 80, Jefferson surgeons find
Age doesn't necessarily have to be the deciding factor for cancer surgery, Jefferson Medical College surgeons have found.

UT Southwestern allergist offers coping strategies for relief from summer allergens
The good news for allergy sufferers is that springtime mountain cedars and tree pollens have generally subsided.

Mixed results comparing use of manual vs. automated chest compression following cardiac arrest
Two studies comparing the use of manual chest compression vs.

Risk of infertility in women triples after common inflammatory bowel disease surgery
The risk of infertility in women triples after the most major surgery for the inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis, suggests research published ahead of print in the journal Gut.

Winners of The Laureates of Tomorrow - Nobel Essay Contest announced
Three NYC high school juniors from the Bronx and Manhattan were named the winners of the second annual The Laureates of Tomorrow - Nobel Essay Contest at a ceremony held on June 12.

Manchester academic to tell conferences: Child abuse can cause schizophrenia
University of Manchester researcher Paul Hammersley is to tell two international conferences, in London and Madrid on 14 June 2006, that child abuse can cause schizophrenia.

Arctic expedition will investigate alien-like glacier
A scientific expedition to a remote glacier in Canada's High Arctic may help researchers unlock secrets about the beginning of life.

Use of anti-depressant does not decrease risk of relapse for patients with anorexia nervosa
Use of the anti-depressant fluoxetine did not help patients with anorexia nervosa who had restored their body weight maintain that weight or reduce their risk of relapse, according to a study in the June 14 issue of JAMA.

Fort Hood ponds being surveyed
For Jason McAlister, charting unknown waters is part of his day-to-day routine.

Increase in counterfeit antimalarial drugs prompts call for crackdown, better detection
A worsening epidemic of sophisticated anti-malarial drug counterfeiting in southeast Asia and Africa is increasing the likelihood of drug-resistant parasites, yielding false-positive results on screening tests and risking the lives of hundreds of thousands of malaria patients, mostly children, researchers say.

Heart transplant program at Northwestern Memorial Hospital celebrates anniversary
More than a dozen heart transplant recipients joined physicians, nurses and administrators of the Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute of Northwestern Memorial Hospital on Tuesday to celebrate the first anniversary of the re-launch of the Institute's heart transplant program.

Research links protein to breast-cancer migration
Scientists have moved a step closer to understanding how breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, thanks to research published this week.

Oxford Journals share evidence-based open access results with the community
The impact of open access for publishers, authors, and readers was the subject of a one day conference held in London last week, organised by Oxford Journals.

$4.8M gift to Yale to promote biodiversity conservation in tropical forests
An environmental leadership and training program to promote biodiversity conservation in tropical forests in Asia and Central and South America has been established at Yale University with a $4.8 million gift from the Lisbet Rausing Charitable Fund.

Using device to give CPR does not improve survival
Researchers looking for methods to improve survival from cardiac arrest were surprised by the results of a study comparing manual CPR compressions with those given by an FDA-approved mechanical device.

Filling the gap in homeland security
A study proposes a new framework to organize homeland security.

Delft University of Technology discovers how to control nanowires
Jorden van Dam, researcher at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience Delft, has succeeded in largely controlling the transportation of electrons in semiconductor nanowires.

ESF task force for clean solar energy
The European Union and its member states are being urged by leading scientists to make a major multimillion Euro commitment to solar driven production of environmentally clean electricity, hydrogen and other fuels, as the only sustainable long-term solution for global energy needs.

Non-Hispanic blacks have best hearing in US, new study shows
Non-Hispanic black adults in the U.S. have on average the best hearing in the nation, a new study shows, with women hearing better than men in general.

Acupuncture relieves symptoms of fibromyalgia, Mayo Clinic study finds
Fibromyalgia is a disorder considered disabling by many, and is characterized by chronic, widespread musculoskeletal pain and symptoms such as fatigue, joint stiffness and sleep disturbance.

Retired FSU professor captures a 'living fossil' on video
The first images of a live specimen of a small, furry animal once believed to have gone extinct more than 11 million years ago have been captured during a Southeast Asian expedition led by a retired Florida State University researcher of Tallahassee, Fla.
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