Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 14, 2006
To profit or explore -- it seems that is the question
People are constantly pulled between profiting from the things they know will reap rewards and exploring new options - but it is exploration that uses high-level regions of the brain, according to a study by UCL (University College London) scientists published in Nature on 15th June.

Joslin study refutes recent report that bone marrow can replenish female oocytes
Joslin Diabetes Center study refutes recent report that bone marrow can replenish female oocytes.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The current issues of the journals of the American Society for Microbiology contain the following articles: New Non-Invasive Vaccine Strategy May Offer Protection Against Tetanus and Anthrax; Copper May Aid in Food Safety; Houseflies Collected in Fast Food Restaurants Found to Carry Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria.

Global warming may warrant new approaches to ecosystem restoration
Study asserts that restoration methods of the past cannot necessarily be applied to the climate of the future.

Noisy classroom? Avoid sound-amplification systems, scientific society says
The Acoustical Society of America has issued a policy statement that advises schools not to use sound-amplification systems in their efforts to overcome noisy conditions in classrooms.

WWF captures first-ever photo of wild rhino on Borneo
A motion-triggered camera trap set up in a remote jungle has captured the first-ever photo of a rhino in the wild on the island of Borneo, World Wildlife Fund and the Sabah Wildlife Department announced today.

Microbes transform 'safest' PBDEs into more harmful compounds
Bacteria in the soil can transform the most commonly used flame retardant compound in the United States into more toxic forms that could be harmful to humans, according to a new laboratory study published on the Web site of the American Chemical Society journal, Environmental Science & Technology.

Solutions for a single European electronic market
The European Commission's goal of establishing a Single European Electronic Market (SEEM) is being given a boost by a project that has brought together experts and stakeholders from across the continent and beyond to identify challenges and recommend solutions.

Study concludes that pesticide use increases risk of Parkinson's in men
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that using pesticides for farming or other purposes increases the risk of developing Parkinson's disease for men.

Stem cells found in adult skin can be transplanted and function in mouse models of disease
Researchers at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) and the University of Calgary have found that stem cells derived from adult skin can create neural cell types that can be transplanted into and function in mouse models of disease.

RBP4 predicts type 2 diabetes
A study in the June 15 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) reveals that elevated levels of a molecule called RBP4 (retinol binding protein 4) can foretell early stages in the development of insulin resistance, a major cause of type 2 diabetes as well as cardiovascular disease.

An adaptive interface for controlling the computer by thought
Controlling a computer just by thought is the aim of cerebral interfaces.

Dissecting the machinery of nicotine's reward
Understanding what makes people crave the high of nicotine is a key to developing treatment for this highly addictive drug.

The downside to diversification
Dr. Dale Ramsden and colleagues at UNC-Chapel Hill report in the June 15th issue of G&D on the potential contribution of V(D)J recombination to genomic instability and cancer formation.

Drug that battles resistance to leukemia pill Gleevec 'extremely effective' against cancer
An experimental therapy that battles drug resistance in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) has proved

Wilmer Eye Institute professor to receive ARVO's Weisenfeld Award
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today that David L.

Colleges, universities, professional societies contribute to 'service learning'
At least 100 colleges and universities incorporate

Salk and Stanford teams join forces to reveal two paths of neurodegeneration
Scientists have speculated that the same molecular shears used to trim axon branches in injured adult axons also do so during normal developmental pruning.

Butterfly farming to help save rain forest
Researchers at the University of Warwick's plant research arm Warwick HRI have received a £295,000 Darwin initiative grant to develop a butterfly farming industry in Guyana that will help support 5000 people in 16 rainforest communities and help save the rainforest itself.

America's plan to attack Iraq split Europe down the middle
Study shows differences between Eastern and Western Europe in supporting the U.S.

Butterfly speciation event recreated
New evidence for homoploid hybrid speciation in animals is presented in the June 12, 2006 edition of the journal Nature.

Ten years later, 'Dolly' is still making headlines
The lead researcher for the team who - 10 years ago - created the cloned sheep

Study reveals biochemical signature of cocaine craving in humans
Using sophisticated brain-imaging techniques at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, scientists from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Brookhaven Lab, and the University of Pennsylvania have uncovered the brain chemistry that underlies

Where the brain organizes actions
Researchers have discovered that Broca's area in the brain--best known as the region that evolved to manage speech production--is a major

New wave of international investment may ease global infrastructure woes, researchers find
Natural disasters can take a tremendous toll on life when infrastructure fails, particularly in developing countries.

Drug offers new options for leukemia patients
Dasatinib, an experimental drug under development by Bristol-Myers Squibb, reverses the signs and symptoms of patients whose chronic myeloid leukemia has failed to respond to Gleevec, which is considered the standard of treatment for the disorder.

Airborne mold spores increase kids' risk for multiple allergies
University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers say exposure to a certain group of fungal spores--abundant in the air that we breathe every day--can make young children more susceptible to developing multiple allergies later in life.

Nilotinib appears to help chronic myelogenous leukemia patients when standard care fails
Paper in New England Journal of Medicine reports that Nilotinib, Gleevec's younger sibling, is active against chronic myelogenous leukemia that resists Gleevec.

Multi-million dollar machines promise bright future for medical research
Flow cytometry is taking medical research by storm. The versatility of its applications is taking scientists into unfounded territory.

A number of patients with slight cognitive deterioration will suffer from Alzheimers
Research at the University of Navarra has concluded that some patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) will develop Alzheimer in the future.

Calorie restriction may prevent Alzheimer's through promotion of longevity program in the brain
A recent study directed by Mount Sinai School of Medicine suggests that experimental dietary regimens might calm or even reverse symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease (AD).

A*STAR and the Australian National University establish immunology research collaboration
A*STAR's Centre for Molecular Medicine (CMM) and The Australian National University's Australian Phenomics Facility (ANU APF) have established an immunology research partnership focusing on autoimmune diseases, including Type 1 Diabetes.

New materials developed for vascular graft
Virginia Commonwealth University engineers and scientists have developed a new material that may one day help patients with damaged arteries regenerate new ones. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to