Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 16, 2006
Highway Safety Research Center gets $1.6 million to renew bicycle, pedestrian clearinghouse
The University of North Carolina's Highway Safety Research Center has received $1.6 million to renew the National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse.

The UK's top science stories (Newsline update -- issue 36)
Newsline is the free quarterly publication from EPSRC (the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council).

High-flying satellites give land managers the low-down on cheatgrass
New software uses NASA satellite imagery and complex computer programs to show the location and growth of cheatgrass, a noxious weed that has invaded the arid West from desert lowlands to high mountains.

New stem-cell findings can help the body to cure itself
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified an important mechanism that regulates how many new cells are produced by each intestinal stem cell.

Central nervous system beckons attack in MS-like disease
It may sound like a case of blame the victim, but researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

SAEM endorses Institute of Medicine report on the future of emergency care in the US
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released the Future of Emergency Care report June 14 addressing hospital-based emergency care, emergency medical services and emergency care for children.

Researchers show how brain decodes complex smells
Duke University Medical Center researchers have discovered how the brain creates a scent symphony from signals sent by the nose.

Altered activity in receptor pair points to further complexity in schizophrenia pathology
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have identified a striking dysregulation in neuronal receptor activity in the postmortem brain tissue from patients with schizophrenia.

Wild vs. lab rodent comparison supports hygiene hypothesis
In a study comparing wild rodents with their laboratory counterparts, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found evidence that may help to explain why people in industrialized societies that greatly stress hygiene have higher rates of allergy and autoimmune diseases than do people in less developed societies in which hygiene is harder to achieve or considered less critical.

Climate scientists spotlight Arctic warming, plight of polar bears
A climate scientist at the University of Chicago and 30 of her colleagues from across North America and Europe are urging the U.S.

New study: Pine bark extract reduces ADHD symptoms in children
A new study to be published in the June 17 edition of the journal of European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry shows a significant reduction of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children after supplementing with Pycnogenol® (pic-noj-en-all), an antioxidant plant extract from the bark of the French maritime pine tree, everyday for one month.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press launches CSH Protocols
A new, community-based source of trusted techniques from laboratories worldwide

Delayed umbilical cord clamping boosts iron in infants
Just a two-minute delay in clamping a baby's umbilical cord can boost the child's iron reserves and prevent anemia for months, report nutritionists at the University of California, Davis.

Cure found for Huntington disease in mice offers hope for treatment in humans
Researchers at the University of British Columbia's Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics (CMMT) have provided ground-breaking evidence for a cure for Huntington disease in a mouse offering hope that this disease can be relieved in humans

Lectures, keynoters, symposia highlight International Dental Research meeting
Following is a summary of the key lectures (plenary sessions), symposia, and workshops that will anchor the 84th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening June 28 at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre (BCC).

Basic work on E. coli identifies two new keys to regulation of bacterial gene expression
The cellular process of transcription, in which the enzyme RNA polymerase constructs chains of RNA from information contained in DNA, depends upon previously underappreciated sections of both the DNA promoter region and RNA polymerase, according to work done with the bacterium E. coli and published today (June 16) in the journal Cell by a team of bacteriologists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

New ACC/AHA guidelines released for valvular heart disease
An updated set of guidelines jointly released by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) draws together the latest information on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with valvular heart disease.

Another grape excuse to hit the bottle
Scientists in Italy say they have discovered that the grapes used to make red wine contain high levels of the sleep hormone melatonin.This could explain why so many of us hit the bottle in the evening to wind down after a day's hard slog.

Northwestern team develops 'MRI' for fuel cells
As gasoline prices top $3 a gallon in major cities, the drive toward increasing energy efficiency and reducing air pollution has accelerated, and the development of fuel cells has become a major focus worldwide.

Physiological markers for cutting, other self-harming behaviors by teenage girls found
Non-fatal, self-inflicted injuries by adolescent and young adult females have become major public health problems and researchers have found physiological evidence that this behavior may lead to a more serious psychological condition called borderline personality disorder.

LIAI finding gives boost to bioinformatics use in fighting disease
The use of computers to advance human disease research - known as bioinformatics -- has received a major boost from researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology (LIAI), who have used it to successfully predict immune response to one of the most complex viruses known to man - the vaccinia virus, which is used in the smallpox vaccine.

VBI, EML Research launch simulation software for modeling biochemical, systems biology networks
EML Research and Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have launched a major software package that allows users to model, simulate and analyze biochemical and systems biology networks.

Helping children handle stress, emotions may help stuttering
Children who stutter often face greater challenges managing their behavior and emotions than other children, researchers have found, offering new insight into how to help these children in a more holistic way.

Cracking a virus protection shield
Researchers from the Institut de Virologie Mol├ęculaire et Structurale (IVMS) and the Outstation of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Grenoble have obtained a detailed structural picture of a protein that allows the rabies virus to withstand the human immune response and survive and replicate in our cells.

New imaging technology to shed a realistic light on art
Digitally archiving and reproducing artwork as it would be seen in a museum is a mathematical conundrum of light and geometry.

Cells use mix-and-match approach to tailor regulation of genes
Transcription factors bind to upstream sequences of genes to turn the expression of those genes on or off.

Bacterium takes a shine to metals
Exposed metal surfaces are highly vulnerable to corrosion, but paint or other protective coatings can interfere with some uses, as well as add significant costs.

African American women need to receive HPV vaccine
African-American women need to be the first to receive the newly approved human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine according to infectious disease experts.

Vampire bats recognise their prey's breathing
Vampire bats, the only mammals to feed exclusively on blood, including human blood, recognize their prey by the sound of its breathing.
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