Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 20, 2006
From basic science to the bedside: APS conference takes stock of lung disease
Advances in genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics are driving many new discoveries about lung disease such as pulmonary hypertension and asthma.

Smoking, eating and thinking: New research on the brain, hormones, and behavior
Certain hormones may make it more difficult for some to quit smoking, according to results of a study presented at the 6th International Congress of Neuroendocrinology in Pittsburgh June 19 - 22 at the David L.

Graham Hancock, author and expert on lost civilizations to reveal new discoveries at UCI conference
Acclaimed investigative journalist and best-selling author, Graham Hancock, (The Sign and The Seal, Fingerprints of the Gods and Heaven's Mirror) will be a keynote speaker at the Conference of Precession and Ancient Knowledge (CPAK) on October 13-15, 2006 at the University of California, Irvine.

Genome Biology's first Impact Factor - 9.71
Genome Biology's first Impact Factor of 9.71 confirms the journal as one of the top titles in biology.

Participation in clinical trials does not appear to affect physician's adherence to guidelines
Physicians who participated in a pharmaceutical-sponsored clinical trial involving asthma medications maintained adherence to treatment guidelines but were more likely to prescribe the sponsor's drugs, according to a study in the June 21 issue of JAMA.

Few young competitive athletes survive sudden cardiac arrest
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillators (AED's) had surprisingly little effect on the survival rates for young athletes who experience sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), according to a new study published in the July 2006 edition of Heart Rhythm.

Showing off your weapons in the animal kingdom
From crabs raising their claws to baboons gaping their jaws, displays that advertise weapons are widespread across the animal kingdom.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the journal Neuroscience has the following articles: Up Close with Synaptobrevin; Switching between Fear and Attraction; Kiss1 Neurons and Neuroendocrine Regulation; Glial Progenitors and Experimental Glial Tumors.

Can you hear me now? Scientists find previously unknown receptors on adult stem cells
Researchers have long believed that stem cells in the bone marrow spent most of their existence in a slumber-like state, unaware of -- and unaffected by -- the daily battles fought by the body's immune system.

Tropical rainforest nutrients linked to global carbon dioxide levels
Extra amounts of key nutrients in tropical rain forest soils cause them to release more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, according to research conducted by scientists at the University of Colorado (CU) - Boulder.

New method for dating art prints and early books borrows know-how from genetic science
A new and relatively simple method for discovering the date when centuries-old art prints and books were produced has been developed at Penn State.

Slow-frozen people? Latest research supports possibility of cryopreservation
New research on water, a still-mysterious liquid despite years of study, suggests that it may be possible to cyropreserve cells, tissues, and even the entire human body without formation of damaging ice crystals.

Studies of married couples, soccer and hockey teams focus on brain's response to stress
Who wins the World Cup may be the team with the most testosterone, which has been shown to be elevated in men during competitive sports.

Can biological traits predict diversification rates in birds?
Why do some taxanomic families contain many species and others contain far fewer?

U. of Colorado team solves mystery of carcinogenic mothballs
Chemical compounds in household products like mothballs and air fresheners can cause cancer by blocking the normal process of

Other highlights in the June 21 JNCI
Other highlights in the June 21 issue of the JNCI include a study that ties high cadmium levels to breast cancer risk, a drug from milk thistle that may inhibit lung cancer growth, an NSAID that fights pancreatic cancer, and a review of a growth factor used to prevent tissue damage from radiation and chemotherapy.

Armed with cannons, cranes and wind machines, engineers test houses
The wind roared against the house. Shingles and tar paper flew off the roof, exposing bare plywood.

Consumers don't pardon the intrusion of advertisements
A new study from the September issue of the Journal of Consumer Research shows that the more consumers are absorbed in the narrative flow of a story - a process known as transportation - the less likely they are to respond positively to the intrusion of advertisements.

New test detects prostate cancer spread at the earliest time
A new test can help determine whether a prostate cancer patient will go on to have a recurrence of the disease.

Septum keeps neurons in synch, can reduce epileptic seizures by 90 percent
The brain's septum helps prevent epileptic seizures by inducing rhythmical electrical activity in the circuits of another area of the brain known as the hippocampus, according to a new study in the Journal of Neurophysiology.

Concentrated animal feeding operations near schools may pose asthma risk
Children who attend school near large-scale livestock farms known as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) may be at a higher risk for asthma, according to a new study by University of Iowa researchers.

UCI epilepsy researcher receives nation's top neuroscience prize
Dr. Tallie Z. Baram, a UC Irvine School of Medicine neurologist and one of the world's top epilepsy researchers, has received a Senator Jacob Javits Award in the Neurosciences, the nation's most prestigious prize for cutting-edge research into brain disorders.

$20 million gift to Rush University Medical Center kicks-off campus redevelopment
Rush University Medical Center launched the public phase of its fundraising campaign to completely transform its near West Side campus with the announcement that it has received a $20 million gift from the family of Marvin J.

Over-use of antibiotics in fish-for-food industry encourages bacterial resistance and disease
The heavy use of antibiotics in the rearing of fish could be detrimental to the health of the fish, but also that of animals and humans, a recent report says.

'Thirst for knowledge' may be opium craving
A new theory by USC and NYU neuroscientists associates the

Cherry juice reduces muscle pain induced by exercise
Cherry juice can reduce muscle pain and damage induced by exercise, suggests a small study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Impressive new Impact Factors for BioMed Central's open-access journals
Eleven journals published by BioMed Central, the open access publisher, received their first Impact Factor this month.

Why men are more aggressive: What a mother should know
Aggression in men may be due to variations in one of two genes involved in the activity of the neurotransmitter serotonin, according to a study.

New study finds multiple invasions increase green crab's Canadian range
The recent rapid expansion of the European green crab's range in the Canadian Maritimes had biologists wondering if global warming or an adaptation to cold was responsible.

Evidence for ultra-energetic particles in jet from black hole
An international team of astronomers led by researchers at Yale has obtained key infrared observations that reveal the nature of quasar particle jets that originate just outside super-massive black holes at the center of galaxies and radiate across the spectrum from radio to X-ray wavelengths; a complementary study of jet X-ray emission led by astronomers at the University of Southampton, reaches the same conclusion.

Cluster makes an effervescent discovery
Space is fizzing. Above our heads, where the Earth's magnetic field meets the constant stream of gas from the Sun, thousands of bubbles of superheated gas are constantly growing and popping.

Study identifies new tumor suppressor
A protein called HLJ1 may work as a novel tumor suppressor in non-small-cell lung carcinoma, according to a study in the June 21 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

CHAVI announces international search for genes affecting HIV response
A pioneering collaboration among U.S., European and Australian researchers announced June 20, 2006, will seek to identify genetic differences in the way people respond to HIV.

New 'nicotine vaccine' treatment to be tested in Madison
An innovative new approach to treating tobacco addiction - an experimental nicotine vaccine - will be tested in Madison starting this month.

Georgia Tech/IBM team demonstrates first 500 GHz silicon-germanium transistors
A research team from IBM and the Georgia Institute of Technology has demonstrated the first silicon-germanium transistor able to operate at frequencies above 500 GHz.

For diseases, when it comes to sharing a home, only close relatives will do
Being more generous to close relatives is a common theme in both our daily interactions and our understanding of how organisms resolve conflicts in nature.

Seismic shock absorbers for woodframe houses
As part of a major international project to design more earthquake-resistant woodframe buildings, an engineer from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will be testing a damping system designed to act as a seismic shock absorber.

Job loss late in career doubles chances of heart attack and stroke
Losing your job late in your career doubles your chances of a heart attack or stroke, suggests research published ahead of print in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

MRSA is a global health problem
MRSA (meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is the most commonly identified antibiotic-resistant pathogen in many parts of the world, including Europe, the Americas, north Africa, the middle east, and east Asia, state the authors of a Review published online today by The Lancet (Wednesday June 21, 2006).

Must ecologists account for time to understand biodiversity in space?
Ecologists typically study biodiversity in

Urologist plays key role in determining use of hormone therapy in prostate cancer
The urologist a patient sees may be a more important factor than the tumor characteristics or the patient's other characteristics in determining the use of hormonal therapy for prostate cancer, a new study reports in the June 21 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Injection may prevent infertility in men receiving cancer chemotherapy
It may be possible to protect the testes of cancer patients against the loss of fertility caused by chemotherapy, a scientist told the 22nd annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Prague, Czech Republic, on Tuesday 20 June 2006 by injecting a drug that enhances the immune system which could protect the testis from the effects of paclitaxel (Taxol), a widely used chemotherapy drug.

Consumption as a basis for social solidarity
The assertion that consumption can be a basis for social solidarity goes against conventional understandings of community organization.

Statin use associated with reduced risk of common type of cataract
The use of statins is linked with a lower incidence of nuclear cataract, the most common type of age-related cataract, according to a study in the June 21 issue of JAMA.

Older women have far fewer mammograms than they report
What older American women say about receiving regular mammograms and what they actually do are two different things, suggests a new study, which also suggests that older African-American, Asian-American and Hispanic women all receive less screening than do white women.

Promoting seat belt use among black motorists
Seat belts reduce injuries and deaths in motor vehicle crashes, but previous studies have found that blacks buckle up significantly less often than whites.

Vision, contributions earn two honors for UH optometrist
A career distinguished by many contributions and advances to the optometric profession recently earned Jerald W.

IVF identity fraud: A phenomenon that puts patients, children, and clinics at risk
Safeguards against identity fraud by IVF patients are needed in order to prevent impostors gaining access to treatment, a scientist told the 22nd annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Prague, Czech Republic, on Tuesday 20 June 2006).

Family firms perform better than other businesses
Study finds family businesses are more profitable.

Children of diabetics show signs of atherosclerosis
The blood vessels of people whose parents both have type 2 diabetes do not respond as well to changes in blood flow as those of people without a family history of diabetes, even if they do not have diabetes themselves, according to a new study in the June 20, 2006, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Neurons grown from embryonic stem cells restore function in paralyzed rats
For the first time, researchers have enticed transplants of embryonic stem cell-derived motor neurons in the spinal cord to connect with muscles and partially restore function in paralyzed animals.

Climate change may affect East Asia differently to North Atlantic nations, study suggests
The extreme effects of climate change on the world depicted in the US blockbuster movie The Day After Tomorrow may not be quite true where East Asia is concerned.

Stalking poses serious public health problem
Stalking is as much a public health issue as a criminal justice problem, according to the authors of a new national study.

Sandia preemptive spark helps find intermittent electrical short circuits in airplanes
A preemptive spark lasting for nanoseconds that helps find potentially dangerous intermittent electrical short circuits hidden in the miles of wiring behind the panels of aging commercial airliners has been patented by Sandia National Laboratories.

Warm blanket lessens chances of false-positives in cancer scans
Placing a warm blanket on patients undergoing PET/CT scans to detect cancer makes the test more accurate, new Saint Louis University research finds.

Cheap pedometers should no be used for public health measures, warn doctors
Cheap step counters otherwise known as pedometers should not be used for public health measures, because they are inaccurate, warn doctors in a report published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Very early signs of atherosclerosis and heart failure seen together on MRI
Middle-age and older people who feel healthy, but who have early signs of atherosclerosis, are more likely to exhibit subtle changes in heart function, detectable through a special MRI technique, which may signal the beginning of heart failure, according to a new study in the June 20, 2006, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Behavioural therapy can restore ovulation in infertile women
Fertility can be restored in some women by the use of behavioural therapy, thus avoiding recourse to expensive medicines and complex procedures, a scientist told the 22nd annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Prague, Czech Republic, onTuesday 20 June 2006.
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