Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 23, 2006
U of T researchers find glycemic index effective in composite meals
University of Toronto research proves the glycemic index (GI), the table that lists the quality of carbohydrates in more than 750 common foods, works just as predictably whether subjects consume a single portion of one item, or a normal meal.

Americans' circle of friends is shrinking, new study shows
Americans' circle of close confidants has shrunk dramatically in the past two decades and the number of people who say they have no one with whom to discuss important matters has more than doubled, according to a new study by sociologists at Duke University and the University of Arizona.

Getting answers
With research funded by the Department of Defense, two scientists have taken novel approaches with IV resuscitation fluids to find ways to save Soldiers' and civilians' lives.

University of Kentucky Gill Heart researchers study abdominal aortic aneurysms
As the baby boomer generation races toward Medicare eligibility, a new screening procedure could mean that many men in the United States may soon learn that they have a killer condition they can do little or nothing about.

HIV Testing Day: Missed opportunities at the doctor's office
This HIV Testing Day, June 27, the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) urges all sexually active adults to get tested at any of the thousands of testing sites set up around the country.

Male sexual abuse survivors struggle in relations with health care providers -- study
New research reveals that male survivors of childhood sexual abuse face unique challenges that many health care practitioners do not recognize and understand as well as they should.

July-August GSA BULLETIN media highlights
The July-August issue of the GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN includes several newsworthy geology articles.

World's first approval of new HIV drug TMC114 provides potent new treatment option with FUZEON
The US approval of TMC114 (darunavir), a new boosted protease inhibitor (PI), provides the opportunity to build a potent new treatment combination with the fusion inhibitor FUZEON (enfuvirtide) that can successfully combat the HIV virus in treatment resistant patients.

Math lessons get a makeover: New tools spark student interest, achievement in mathematics
A researcher at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has uncovered mathematics embedded in the designs of various aspects of native and contemporary culture, from traditional beadwork and basket weaving to modern hairstyles and music.

Diamond by-product of hydrogen production and storage method
There may not be a pot of gold at the end of the rainbow, but there appears to be nanocrystalline diamonds at the end of a process to produce and store hydrogen using anthracite coal.

AGU journal highlights -- 23 June 2006
In this issue: Particle flow inside coronal streamers; Turbulence within an oceanic mixed layer inhibits sedimentation; Zonal currents in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean can flip direction; Over the 20th century, droughts became shorter and less frequent over much of the U.S.; Decadal climate variability in the tropical Atlantic during the mid-Holocene; Water circulation fluctuated during the Mediterranean's last interglacial anoxic event.

Estrogen plays different role during stress in black and white teens
Estrogen seems to play a different role during stress in black and white girls, a difference that may help explain higher cardiovascular disease rates in blacks, researchers have found.

Rice develops first method to sort nanotubes by size
Rice University scientists have developed the first method for sorting semiconducting carbon nanotubes based on their size, a long-awaited development that could form the basis of a nanotube purification system capable of producing the necessary feedstocks for nano-circuits, therapeutic agents, next-generation power cables and more.

RSRF-funded research links Rett syndrome to mitochondrial gene
New research from the lab of Adrian Bird, a molecular geneticist at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, reveals that abnormally high levels of a protein called Uqcrc1 in the brains of mouse models of Rett Syndrome cause mitochondria--the cells' powerhouses--to work overtime.

New phase for Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GBIF Voting Participants voted on 16 June 2006 to accept a new funding scale for GBIF, and to continue supporting its activities for another 5 years.

The unknown risks of arthritis
A number of studies presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology provide new data on the risks of cardiovascular diseases for RA patients, as well as some of the risks associated with the new therapies in the area, that are just beginning to emerge.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine licenses avian flu vaccine to Avimex
Mount Sinai School of Medicine today announced that it has entered into a territory limited license agreement with Avimex* Animal Health.

NASA finds intense lightning activity around a hurricane's eye
In 2005, Hurricane Emily, a very strong hurricane had some of the most lightning activity ever seen in a hurricane.

Our grip on reality is slim, says UCL scientist
The neurological basis for poor witness statements and hallucinations has been found by scientists at UCL (University College London).

HAQ responsiveness is inversely associated with mean duration of RA in clinical trials
A new body of research, focusing on the sensitivity of the Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index (HAQ), a commonly used self-report measure of physical function, has been presented today at the 7th EULAR congress in Amsterdam.

2006 World Food Prize recipients to be recognized at soils congress
The 2006 World Food Prize recipients, including two soil scientists, will be recognized during the Opening Ceremony on July 10 by Ambassador Kenneth Quinn.

Scholars examine Latino immigration and American national identity
Latino immigrants to the U.S. are more diverse, successful, and assimilating more rapidly than is widely assumed in public debate, scholars observe in recent research published by the American Political Science Association (APSA).

USC study shows environment plays big role in women starting to smoke
Researchers have long known that reasons for smoking include social pressure and other environmental factors, as well as genetic factors based on results of previous twin studies.

'Best if used by ...'
A recent variation of expiration dating is freshness dating. While it may seem like a great idea to let people know how fresh a food or beverage is, new evidence suggests otherwise.

Going where no unhydrogenated soybean oil has gone before
A new soybean oil developed at Iowa State University not only has low linolenic acid, but also high oleic acid.

Global crime experts to meet in Liverpool
The world's leading criminal profilers will meet at the University of Liverpool next week to discuss new ideas on the handling of dangerous lawbreakers.

Iowa State plant scientists tweak their biopharmaceutical corn research project
A biopharmaceutical corn created at Iowa State University is being developed into a male sterile corn that carries the transgene.

The End of Poverty author to keynote soils congress
Keynote speaker Jeffrey Sachs, author and noted Columbia University economist will present,

Gene-regulating enzyme is also a target for anti-depressive drugs
A new study shows that an enzyme involved in appropriately repressing sets of neuronal genes in non-neuronal cells is also a target for certain monoamine oxidase inhibitors used to treat depression.

Epilepsy drug eases symptoms of inherited disorder that weakens muscles
An epilepsy drug that has been on the market for decades can ease symptoms for adult sufferers with a genetic disorder that seriously weakens muscles.

Leading stem cell expert moves to UK
A UK University has hired a top international stem cell scientist.

Internationally acclaimed soil scientists to receive awards in Philadelphia
Thirteen scientists from France, Germany, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, and the U.S. will be honored on July 13 in Philadelphia for their achievements in soil science research.

New therapy may mean less dietary restrictions for celiac sufferers
Scientists have discovered what may be a successful non-dietary therapy for celiac sprue, an inherited inflammatory disorder of the small intestine that impacts an estimated 1 in 200 people around the world.

Physicists size up the 'unitarity triangle'
B factory experiments at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in the USA and at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) in Japan have reached a new milestone in the quest to understand the matter-antimatter imbalance in our universe.
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