Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 27, 2006
Preventive treatment reduces risk of malaria in infants
A new study shows that giving 3, 4, and 9-month-old infants a single dose of a common anti-malarial drug significantly lowers their risk of contracting malaria.

US, Singapore act to simplify telecom trade
On June 2, new, streamlined regulatory approval procedures came into effect in the United States and Singapore, allowing U.S. makers of telecommunication equipment to certify their products at home and ship directly to the $1.3 billion Asian market, and eliminating the need for often-duplicative testing.

New tool tracks brain development in babies
Researchers have used a new technique to monitor brain development in infants and detect disturbances in white matter, according to a study in the July issue of Radiology.

July GEOLOGY media highlights
Topics include: rupture models for the A.D. 900-930 Seattle fault earthquake; results from CO2 injection at Texas' Frio Formation and implications for storing greenhouse gases in sedimentary basins; a new paleothermometer for reconstructing ancient climates; the most protracted glacial surge ever recorded; desert varnish as a record of environmental change; marine predator-prey systems in the Devonian; ocean-atmosphere influences on climate variability in the Late Holocene; and a new technique for analyzing strain-distorted fossils.

MetOp-A gets green light for 17 July launch date
MetOp-A has successfully completed the first phase of testing at the Baikonur Space Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, confirming the launch date of the first European polar-orbiting satellite dedicated to operational meteorology for 17 July 2006.

ACS Weekly PressPac -- June 26, 2006
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from the 34 major journals.

Tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
The following appear in the current issue of The Journal of Neuroscience: 1.

Blood pressure variability increases risk for stroke death
Erratic blood pressure during the first hours after a stroke dramatically lowers the chances of survival.

DOE JGI releases IMG 1.5 with curated archaeal genomes
Version 1.5 of the Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) data management system of the U.S.

New genes implicated in rheumatoid arthritis
In the quest to identify disease-specific gene expression profiles in patients with RA, researchers at the University of Michigan Medical Center turned to an ideal population: genetically identical, disease-discordant twins.

Radioactive scorpion venom for fighting cancer
Health physicists are establishing safe procedures for a promising experimental brain-cancer therapy which uses a radioactive version of scorpion venom to kill cancer cells.

Obesity in prostate cancer patients predicts cancer recurrence and progression
Obesity in a patient is an independent predictor of whether localized prostate cancer will progress following radiotherapy treatment, say researchers at M.

Symbiotic fungus does not depend on fungus-farming ants for reproduction, researchers say
Fungus-farming ants around the world cultivate essentially the same fungus and are not as critical to the reproduction of the fungi as previously believed, biologists at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered.

Better beetle sought for salt cedar control
Beetles from Uzbekistan are more prolific salt cedar eaters than beetles from Greece.

Major findings on fetal research to be unveiled at University of Leicester
World's first ever use of 3-D ultrasound scan to assess placental function and blood flow

U of M study examines kidney stone prevention in astronauts
As the space shuttle Discovery prepares to launch on July 1, researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified a way for astronauts to reduce their risk of developing kidney stones while in space.

HHMI helps physicians launch careers in research
To help young physicians who want to do medical research overcome twin obstacles of time and funding, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) has awarded 13 Early Career Awards to promising physician-scientists at 10 academic medical centers across the country.

Soft materials buckle up for measurement
Buckling under pressure can be a good thing, say materials scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Bazan to receive ARVO Proctor Medal
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today that Nicolas G.

Team approach to rare cardiovascular, renal surgery at UT Southwestern provides impressive results
Steve Enfinger, 57, recently retired and enjoying a round of golf, had no reason to believe anything was seriously wrong one day in July 2001 when he was overcome with pain.

Fruit flies aboard space shuttle subjects of UCF, UC Davis study on immunity and space
Fruit flies that traveled on the shuttle and others kept in a laboratory will be exposed to bacteria and fungi in post-landing tests by UCF and UC Davis researchers.

Cognitive behavioral therapy appears more effective than sleep medication for treating insomnia
Patients with insomnia who implemented cognitive behavioral therapy interventions such as relaxation techniques had greater improvement in their sleep than patients who received the sleep medication zopiclone, according to a study in the June 28 issue of JAMA.

Curtain may be closing on scientific water controversy
The curtain may be ringing down on a scientific controversy regarding the structure of water which arose two years ago.

Study documents outbreak of fungal eye infections among contact lens wearers in Singapore
Researchers in Singapore have reported an outbreak of Fusarium keratitis (a fungal infection of the cornea) associated with soft contact lens wear and linked with use of certain contact lens cleaning solutions, according to an article in the June 28 issue of JAMA.

Tumour development actors ERK1 and ERK2 found to play opposite roles
The proteins ERK1 and ERK2 may play opposite roles during tumour development.

New research reveals unexpected post-mating gene expression in model lab insect
Scientists have uncovered evidence that after fruit flies mate, the presence of sperm and male proteins in the female's reproductive tract sets off an amazing cascade of heretofore undescribed gene activity.

Brown, Oak Ridge team up for materials science research
Brown University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have established a formal affiliation to support research and teaching with an emphasis in materials science, an area of strength at both institutions.

Yale licenses potential anti-HIV agent to Oncolys BioPharma of Japan
Yale University today announced that it has concluded a license agreement granting Oncolys BioPharma, Inc. of Tokyo the global exclusive right for clinical and business development of a novel compound for the treatment of HIV.

NYU scientists begin second phase of project to better understand disease
A team of researchers at New York University's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics are embarking on the second phase of a collaborative research undertaking to predict structures of key proteins, which in turn shed light on their roles in diseases and offer pathways for cures.

NJIT mathematician and geometry expert lauded for work, including notable publications
Vladislav Goldberg, Ph.D., a distinguished professor in the department of mathematical sciences at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), and an expert in web geometry, was honored last month for a lifetime of scholarship.

Protein tied to usher syndrome may be hearing's 'Missing Link'
A protein tied to Usher syndrome has been identified as a likely player in the ear's conversion of sound into electrical signals.

Landfills, chemical weapon debris possibly a good match, computer model suggests
Putting building debris contaminated by chemical weapons into municipal landfills likely would pose only a minimal risk to nearby communities and the surrounding environment, according to a study scheduled for publication in the July 1 issue of the American Chemical Society journal Environmental Science and Technology.

Microscopic scaffolding offers a 'simple' solution to treating skin injuries
A revolutionary dissolvable scaffold for growing new areas of skin could provide a safer, more effective way of treating burns, diabetic ulcers and similar injuries.

New insights into the impact of pregnancy on inflammatory arthritis
During pregnancy, women with inflammatory arthritis usually experience disease improvement or even remission, while a disease flare regularly occurs within 3 to 4 months after delivery.

Double vortex at Venus South Pole unveiled
ESA's Venus Express data undoubtedly confirm for the first time the presence of a huge

Rooftop PV data for better energy prediction models
This month the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) began a 15-month research project to gather performance data on modern photovoltaic (PV) roofing products that are designed to be integral parts of the roof, providing both electricity and shelter from the elements.

Investigation into improving quality of life after cancer
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have been awarded £1.9 million to further understanding of how the quality of patients' lives can be improved following serious illness.

Increased nighttime blood pressure may be linked to higher risk for congestive heart failure
Having a relatively high blood pressure level at night may increase the risk for congestive heart failure, according to a study in the June 28 issue of JAMA.

Smoking and obesity may increase the risk of erectile dysfunction
Obesity and smoking are strongly associated with a greater risk of erectile dysfunction.

A car's middle back seat may be least desirable, but it's the safest
In a full car, some poor soul is relegated to the middle of the back seat, the least desirable, most uncomfortable, most

ESA donates mosaic of global images taken by Envisat to United Nations
The European Space Agency today donated a composite satellite image of global land cover provided by its Envisat satellite to the United Nations in Geneva, as a testimony to the current state of our planet, to be handed down to future generations.

'Big Brother' eyes encourage honesty, study shows
A study by Newcastle University found people put nearly three times as much money into an

New cardiac MRI pinpoints closed arteries without surgery
A new cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique can noninvasively demonstrate blockage of the coronary arteries with high diagnostic accuracy, according to a study featured in the July issue of Radiology.

National Academies advisory: Assessing geographic information science
As geographic information systems (GIS) have come into wide use, demand for a work force well-trained in these systems has grown exponentially, putting strain on educational programs in this field.  BEYOND MAPPING: MEETING NATIONAL NEEDS THROUGH ENHANCED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SCIENCE, new from the National Academies' National Research Council, examines the state of the mapping sciences and offers recommendations to build on progress in this discipline.

Movies show nanotubes bend like sluggish guitar strings
Rice University scientists have discovered a way to use standard optical microscopes and video cameras to film individual carbon nanotubes, an important advance in nanotechnology imaging that's described online in Physical Review Letters.

Improved rating for residential fuel cells
A new performance rating system for residential fuel cells developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) can help prospective buyers assess the economic value of alternative fuel-cell technologies.

New understanding of blades to lead to better cutting of super-hard high tech materials
Advanced materials like AlTiC, sapphire and SiC are now commonly used in many devices.

Memory loss affects more of the brain than previously thought
Memory loss associated with early Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be linked to altered activity in several areas of the brain, according to a study in the July issue of Radiology.

Noise measurement may boost cell phone performance
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and industry collaborators have developed improved methods for accurately measuring very faint thermal noise in electronic circuits.
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