Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 28, 2006
A boost for European Life Sciences as ESF launch EuroBioFund
The European Science Foundation will today launch a new initiative to help promote and coordinate direct interaction among European life sciences researchers and funders: EuroBioFund.

A probable cause for Parkinson's?
A study by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine reveals that damage in Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and other brain diseases is linked to a natural byproduct of metabolism and oxidative stress called nitration.

Killer tomatoes attack disease
Genetically modified tomatoes containing edible vaccine are to be used against two of the world's most lethal viruses.

Progress being made in exploring potential use of stem cells to treat heart disease
Scientists are making significant headway in exploring the potential future use of stem cells to treat heart disease, according to a review article in the current issue of Nature (June 29, 2006).

Finnish scientist to receive IADR Award in Geriatric Oral Research
The 2006 Geriatric Oral Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) will be presented today to Dr.

Eighty below and loving it: Montana State University scientists to get new cold lab
Montana State University is building a one-of-a-kind cold research laboratory.

Cranberries contain possible anti-caries/anti-plaque agents
Scientists have discovered that the humble cranberry harbors several anti-oxidants (flavonoids) that show the ability to counteract the damaging effects of the bacterium Streptococcus mutans, which causes dental caries (tooth decay).

Afghanistan to protect wildlife and wild lands
In a country known more for conflict than conservation, a joint effort by the government of Afghanistan and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been launched to protect the region's unique wildlife and develop the country's first official system of protected areas.

Perth researchers to trial bird flu vaccine
Perth researchers have begun a trial to test the effectiveness of a new vaccine to protect against the potentially deadly bird flu.

NIDCR's Turner to receive IADR Salivary Research Award
Dr. R. James Turner, a world-renowned membrane biologist and Chief of NIDCR's Membrane Biology Section, is the recipient of the 2006 Salivary Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 84th General Session.

Dental stem cells have been characterized for tooth tissue engineering
A team from The Forsyth Institute (Boston, MA) is reporting that their research has demonstrated that mixed populations of cultured post-natal tooth bud cells can be used to generate bioengineered dental tissues.

Bonewald to receive major IADR award
The 2006 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization will be presented today by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) to Dr.

Telemedicine initiative for sub-Saharan Africa
The first meeting of the Telemedicine Task Force for sub-Saharan Africa was held in Brussels on 23 June 2006.

Goldberg to receive major IADR research award
Dr. Michel Goldberg, University of Paris (Montrouge), France, has been selected the 2006 recipient of the Pulp Biology Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 84th General Session.

Record now and smell-back later
Imagine being able to record the smell of that perfume you liked while out shopping so you can play it back later and decide if you'll buy it.

NASA Satellite positioning software may aid in tsunami warnings
University scientists using Global Positioning System (GPS) software developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., have shown that GPS can determine, within minutes, whether an earthquake is big enough to generate an ocean-wide tsunami.

French-German cooperation extended
The Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la MER (Ifremer) will be extending their contractual collaboration for another five years.

Carnegie Mellon researchers discover new cell properties
Carnegie Mellon University researchers Kris Noel Dahl and mohammad F.

International Association for Dental Research presents awards & fellowships
As part of the Opening Ceremonies of its 84th General Session & Exhibition, convening today at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, the International Association for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and fellowships.

Craniofacial Biology Award presented to Mina
The 2006 Craniofacial Biology Research Award is being presented today to Dr.

Ultrasound may help regrow teeth
Hockey players, rejoice! A team of University of Alberta researchers has created technology to regrow teeth--the first time scientists have been able to reform human dental tissue.

Nearly half of elementary school teachers admit to bullying
Nearly half of elementary school teachers surveyed about bullying in schools, admitted to bullying students, according to a study in the May issue of The International Journal of Social Psychiatry.

Researchers at UCLA engineering announce breakthrough in silicon photonics devices
Building on a series of recent breakthroughs in silicon photonics, researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science have developed a novel approach to silicon devices that combines light amplification with a photovoltaic -- or solar panel -- effect.

A candidate gene for familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis identified
ELMOD2-gene is a prime candidate gene for familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, suggests the recent study.

Blinkhorn receives Dean Memorial Award
The 2006 H. Trendley Dean Memorial Award will be presented today to Professor Anthony S.

REM sleep behaviour disorder is an early marker of neurodegenerative diseases
In the catalan study 45% of all assessed patients suffering REM sleep behaviour disorder developed Parkinson, Lewy body dementia or mild cognitive impairment.

Finding of a new molecular marker of resistance to chemotherapy in breast cancer
According to a research leaded from IDIBAPS - Hospital Clínic de Barcelona and Hospital del Mar, the presence of the activated nuclear factor (NF)-ĸB predicts a response to chemotherapy of 20%, and if the factor is deactivated, response increases up to 91%.

IADR and GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare announce winners of 2006 Innovation in Oral Care Awards
The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) and GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare today announced the 2006 winners of the annual IADR/GSK Innovation in Oral Care Awards.

Increased flow of groundwater after earthquakes suggests oil extraction applications
The most obvious manifestation of an earthquake is the shaking from seismic waves that knocks down buildings and rattles people.

Penn State professor looks at gender roles, pre-wedding rituals in new book
Weddings are a time when a woman and man pledge their unwavering devotion to each other, but the pre-wedding rituals leading up to the big day typically force women to waver in their gender roles, according to Beth Montemurro, assistant professor of sociology at Penn State's Abington Campus in greater Philadelphia area.

First human trial of antibacterial contact lens
Biotechnology company Biosignal Ltd and the Institute for Eye Research have received ethics approval for the first human clinical trial of an antibacterial extended-wear contact lens.

Researchers create new organic gel nanomaterials
Researchers have created organic gel nanomaterials that could be used to encapsulate pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic products and to build 3-D biological scaffolds for tissue engineering.

Oral health of children and adolescents still reflects disparities
Researchers from eight countries reported today that, while some progress has been made in improving the oral health of children and adolescents, much remains to be done.

Avoiding house dust mites and changing diet proves ineffective
New research shows avoiding house dust mite allergens from birth does not prevent the onset of asthma, eczema or atopy in high-risk children.

Mayo Clinic pioneers new method of jaw reconstruction for oral cancer patients
Mayo Clinic ear, nose and throat surgeons have developed a promising new process for mandible (lower jaw) reconstruction following removal of oral cancer

Anaesthetists need urgent guidance on patients who don't want to be resuscitated
Following Do Not Attempt Resuscitation Orders during surgery could lead to accusations of euthanasia or assisted suicide say UK clinicians.

IADR presents major award to Feine
At the Opening Ceremonies of the 84th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today, the 2006 Research in Prosthodontics and Implants Award will be presented to Dr.

Study reveals high rate of diabetes in rural India
Populations in rural India may be set for an epidemic of diabetes according to new research conducted by The George Institute for International Health and published today in Diabetes Care.

New clues for treatment of liver cancer
By generating tumors in laboratory mice that mimic human liver cancer and by comparing the DNA of mouse and human tumors, researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have identified two genes that are likely to play a role in the third leading cause of human cancer deaths.

Ferracane to receive Wilmer Souder Award from IADR
The 2006 Wilmer Souder Award for research in the field of dental biomaterials science is being presented today by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) to Dr.

Hopkins researchers develop new quick tool to sort out insect bites in children
Children afflicted with insect-bite rashes are often misdiagnosed or referred for extensive and costly tests, but a new, easy-to-remember set of guidelines developed at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center should help.

Chocolate, wine, spicy foods may be OK for heartburn, Stanford study finds
For the past 15 to 20 years, the standard treatment for heartburn has been to cut out spicy cuisine, fried and fatty foods and all alcoholic and carbonated beverages.

Antarctic Treaty Meeting moves to protect frozen continent from non-native species
Important new measures to protect Antarctica -- the world's last great wilderness -- from invasive non-native species have been agreed at a meeting of Antarctic experts in Edinburgh.

Meechan receives IADR Research Award in Pharmacology
Dr. John G. Meechan, Senior Lecturer in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the United Kingdom, has been named the 2006 recipient of the Pharmacology, Therapeutics, & Toxicology Research Award, presented today during the Opening Ceremonies of the 84th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre.

Wildfire suppression costs may be reduced using new model
Recent research shows that using the right mix of agency and contract crews is the most cost effective way to fight fires rather than using contract or agency crews exclusively, according to Geoffrey Donovan, a research forester at the Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station.

The hooked galaxy
Life is not easy, even for galaxies. Some indeed get so close to their neighbours that they get rather distorted.

A digital treasure trove for Europe's cultural heritage
While digital technology can help store and preserve records of Europe's vast yet dispersed cultural heritage, on such a huge scale it presents big cultural and practical challenges that a new system seeks to address.

New engineering careers brochure unveiled
IEEE-USA has unveiled a new six-panel engineering careers brochure that is designed for 11-13-year-old, sixth-to- eighth grade U.S. students.

Speeding discovery of the 'human cancer genome'
Two gene discoveries announced in separate reports in the June 30, 2006 issue of Cell highlight one way to speed through the human genome in search of those genes most important for spawning cancer.

IADR to present Behavioral Science Award to Dorthe Holst
Dr. Dorthe Holst, of the University of Oslo, Norway, has been named the 2006 recipient of the Behavioral Sciences & Health Services Research Award, presented by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening today for its 84th General Session.

Koo receives IADR Young Investigator Award
The International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre for its 84th General Session, has awarded the 2006 Young Investigator Award to Dr.

Violence from male partners associated with serious health threats to pregnant women and newborns
Violence from male partners around the time of pregancy is a health risk to women and newborns.

Studies evaluating health effects of dental amalgam fillings in children confirm safety
For the first time at a major international meeting, scientists are reporting teh results of the first-ever randomized clinical trials to evaluate the safety of placing amalgam fillings, which contain mercury, in the teeth of children.

Research reinforces findings that Chinese exercises benefit older adults
New work by researchers at the University of Illinois lends strength to previous research documenting the health benefits of Qigong and Taiji among older adults who practice these ancient Chinese martial-arts forms.

Oral Biology Research Award presented to Lamont
The 2006 Research in Oral Biology Award will be presented today to Dr.

The Occult Life of Things
Is it possible that

Polverini to receive IADR Oral Medicine and Pathology Award
Dr. Peter Polverini, Professor and Dean of the University of Michigan School of Dentistry (Ann Arbor), has been named the 2006 recipient of the Oral Medicine and Pathology Research Award, conferred by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 84th General Session.

Progulske-Fox receives periodontal disease research award
Dr. Ann Progulske-Fox, a Professor in the Department of Oral Biology at the University of Florida Dental School (Gainesville), has been selected to receive the 2006 Basic Research in Periodontal Disease Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 84th General Session.

Brittle prions are more infectious
Brittleness is often seen as a sign of fragility. But in the case of infectious proteins called prions, brittleness makes for a tougher, more menacing pathogen.

Trailer park residents face multiple challenges
While mobile homes have emerged as the housing of choice among low-income rural households, a new study shows that many mobile home-dwellers face exorbitant interest rates, social instability from high turnover rates in trailer park neighborhoods, stigmatization and discrimination in the community and schools, and a lack of opportunities for their children.

Oral conditions, dental caries worldwide
Even with dramatic advances in the armamentarium for fighting oral and dental diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal (gum) disease, these conditions remain prevalent in many parts of the world, without regard for geopolitical boundaries.

New research may reduce global need for nitrogen fertilizers
Research published tomorrow (June 29) in the journal Nature reveals how UK and US scientists have managed to trigger nodulation in legumes, a key element of the nitrogen fixing process, without the bacteria normally necessary.

Marquis receives major research award
At the Opening Ceremonies of the 84th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today, Professor Robert Marquis will receive the 2006 Distinguished Scientist Award for Research in Dental Caries.

Cancer-causing protein may heal damaged spinal cord and brain cells
Cancer researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have found that a protein known for driving the growth of cancer also plays a surprising role in restoring the ability of neurons to regenerate, making it an important target for addressing spinal cord damage or neurological diseases like Alzheimer's.
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