Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 30, 2006
Proteins spur diabetic mice models to grow blood vessels, nerves
University of Utah researchers have taken a potentially powerful new therapy for treating diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, and other illnesses out of the test tube and into animals by demonstrating it restores nerve and blood vessel growth in mice.

NIH selects Pittsburgh institute as leader for HIV/AIDS prevention efforts
The University of Pittsburgh-affiliated Magee-Womens Research Institute is one of six institutions selected to lead HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment efforts funded at $285 million for the first year by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Heat-shock protein vaccine reduces alveolar bone loss
Heat-shock protein (HSP) can be utilized as a vaccine to cross-protect against multiple pathogenic species.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2006
July's story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory include: bone cloning, new old detectives, electromechanics in liquids, and wider truck tires.

Jumpy electrons make chromophores semiconductors suitable for nanoscale electronics
The future of high-speed electronics might very well be defined by linking together small,

REVLIMID(R) granted approval by FDA for treatment of multiple myeloma
Celgene Corporation announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted approval for its Supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for an additional indication for REVLIMID (lenalidomide), for use in combination with dexamethasone as a treatment for patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy.

What leads to obesity in rural communities?
A new Saint Louis University study looks at the relationship between obesity and what residents think of life in their small town communities.

Study examines link between racial discrimination and mental and physical health
A study of the association between physical and mental health and racial discrimination conducted at the Mailman School of Public Health found that racial discrimination is associated with worse self-reported physical and mental health in African Americans, regardless of gender, skin color and socioeconomic indicators.

Science finds new fix for UV-damaged skin in arthritis treatment
New research indicates that glucosamine -- a compound best known for treating arthritis -- can actually help stop the formation of new age spots, and help fade existing ones.

ANU scientists crack DNA replication mystery
A team of scientists led by Professor Nick Dixon at the Research School of Chemistry at The Australian National University have cracked one of the great DNA mysteries.

Highlights from the July 2006 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
The July 2006 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest.

Cold gas in the Andromeda galaxy
New radio map shows distribution of star forming regions in great detail.

CI partners with responsibletravel.com to promote small scale sustainable tourism venues
Conservation International (CI) has entered into a partnership with responsibletravel.com to provide small ecotourism operators a mechanism to market and promote their destinations to consumers and tour operators in order to improve market access for ecotourism enterprises globally.

UT Southwestern-led study finds doctors' judgment as important as guideline for Cesarean sections
U.S. hospitals have long been required to be able to start emergency Cesarean sections within 30 minutes, but neither compliance with this

18th World Congress of Soil Science
Leading international soil scientists will meet to discuss key issues in this field, including hazardous waste remediation, land use, and environmental protection.

New vaccine prevents cervical cancer in teens
New research reported in the June issue of Clinical Pediatrics suggests that the possibility of preventing cervical cancer and other cancers caused by the human papilloma viruses (HPVs) will be a reality in the near future.

Mount Sinai Global Health Center receives $1M grant
The Global health Center (GHC) at Mount Sinai has received a $1 million dollar grant from the Mulago Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to humanitarian aid.

Oscillating pattern in nanoparticle crystallization
In order to survive, biological systems need to form patterns and organise themselves.

Does psychological treatment for adult sex offenders work?
Psychological treatment for adult sex offenders can reduce reoffending rates but does not provide a cure, say experts in an editorial in this week's BMJ.

UC San Diego biologists solve plant growth hormone enigma
Gardeners and farmers have used the plant hormone auxin for decades, but how plants produce and distribute auxin has been a long-standing mystery.

Abuse liability study results of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (NRP104) presented at CPDD
At the College on Problems of Drug Dependence meeting, abuse liability studies for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (NRP104) for ADHD were announced.

USC researchers investigate protein that protects tumors
A protein that allows breast cancer cells to evade the body's natural immune responses could be a target of future cancer therapies, according to a study by Keck School of Medicine of USC scientists published today.

Psychologist adds scientific insight to loaded label of 'psychopath'
For most people on the planet, the term

Support and security in old age?
Though it is often assumed that children will be better off in retirement than their parents, in future this may not always be the case, according to a booklet published today by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Celiac success: New enzyme efficiently degrades gluten in 'human stomach' environment
A new enzyme currently used in commercial food processing, also breaks down whole gluten molecules as well as the T cell peptides that cause celiac disease, a digestive malady with no current effective treatment other than avoiding wheat, barley or rye products.

Jellyfish-like creatures may play major role in fate of carbon dioxide in the ocean
Transparent jellyfish-like creatures known as a salps, considered by many a low member in the ocean food web, may be more important to the fate of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide in the ocean than previously thought.

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, CellThera collaborate on work aimed at regenerating limbs
Worcester Polytechnic Institute and CellThera Inc., a biotechnology start-up firm, will conduct joint research aimed at developing techniques for restoring tissue -- including digits and limbs -- damaged or lost due to traumatic injury.

Concrete progress on European dialogue marks end of Czech Chairmanship
During its 12-month tenure, and following in the footsteps of its French and Dutch predecessors, the Czech EUREKA Chairmanship has expressed its satisfaction at having further improved complementarities between EUREKA and elements of the EU Framework Programme (FP) for Research and Technological Development, namely through enhancing funding possibilities for EUREKA project participants.

Shire's DAYTRANA, first patch medication for ADHD in children, now available in pharmacies
Daytrana, the first and only patch medication approved to treat the symptoms of ADHD, is now available.

Taking medicine regularly (even placebo) is good for you
People who take their medicine regularly, even dummy (placebo) medicine, have a lower risk of death than those with poor adherence, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Was there life on Mars? Shiny rock coating may hold the answer
A mysterious shiny coating found on rocks in many of Earth's arid environments could reveal whether there was once life on Mars, according to new research.

Should patients have to opt out of electronic records?
The potential benefits of sharing patient electronic records within health systems are broadly agreed, but concerns remain over patient consent and security.

'Ape-earances' can be deceiving for many under the influence of alcohol
People who were given a simple visual task while mildly intoxicated were twice as like to have missed seeing a person in a gorilla suit than were people who were not under the influence.

Eating habits of successful weight losers shift
A recent study suggests that the fat intake of successful weight losers entering the National Weight Control Registry has increased over the past decade, while carbohydrate intake has declined.

Earth observation satellites contribute to international polar year 2007-2008
Thousands of scientists from 60 countries will be conducting research during International Polar Year 2007-2008 and will, for the first time during an International Polar Year, be armed with satellite measurements offering complete coverage of the polar regions, which play a vital role in the Earth's climate and ecosystems.

Chromosomal tests can determine brain tumor therapy, outcomes, Jefferson oncologists find
A trial involving two rare, malignant but treatable brain tumors shows that missing portions of two chromosomes can predict which patients will likely do better with therapy.

The effect of periodontal disease on health care costs
Prevention of periodontal disease may lead to saving of not only dental care but also medical care costs.

What do Racquel Welch and quantum physics have in common?
Fantastic Voyage: University of Leicester leads international study with potential that is

Developing natural immunity to asthma caused by research rats
Laboratory workers who frequently handle research rats that commonly cause asthma symptoms have fewer allergic reactions to the rats than individuals with less exposure, according to a study at six pharmaceutical sites in Great Britain.

Biomarker reduces length of antibiotic treatment
For hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), lower measurements of procalcitonin, a biomarker of infection, can reduce the length of antibiotic treatment by an average of seven days.
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