Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 03, 2006
Early drinking linked to risk for alcohol dependence
Individuals who are younger when they begin drinking alcohol may face a higher risk of alcohol dependence throughout life, at a younger age and consisting of multiple episodes, according to results of a national survey published in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Minimally invasive procedure restores blood flow to kidneys, research suggests
A pilot study suggests that the results of minimally invasive angioplasty and stenting to restore blood flow to the kidneys can be significantly improved if a suction device is used to remove the material blocking the vessel.

Literature review highlights options for self-management of asthma exacerbations
An extensive literature review undertaken by the Woolcock Institute of Medical Research has examined the pharmacological strategies for self-management of asthma exacerbations in adults, including those using inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting รข2-agonist (ICS/LABA) therapy.

Women given specialized treatment half as likely to attempt suicide
Women with a serious mental disorder called borderline personality disorder who received a specialized form of cognitive behavioral therapy were half as likely to attempt suicide as women who were treated by expert therapists in dealing with difficult patients.

Falling onto the dark
ESO's VLT has helped scientists to discover a large primordial 'blob,' more than 10 billion light-years away.

Whiplash injuries -- are they caused by startle reflexes?
New research published in The Journal of Physiology suggests that a cause of whiplash injuries could be startle reflexes elicited by unexpected loud sounds.

Biology-Oriented Synthesis (BIOS): From natural product to new therapeutics
Phosphatases are key regulators of various life processes. As a result, many different scientists are looking at them to find treatments for diseases like diabetes and cancer.

Novel gene therapy may lead to cure in hemophilia A patients
A discovery by Medical College of Wisconsin and BloodCenter of Wisconsin researchers in Milwaukee may be a key to a permanent genetic cure for hemophilia A patients, including a subset who do not respond to conventional blood transfusions.

When victims are white, stereotypes of blacks influence who gets death sentences
When victims of capital crimes are white, jurors are more likely to hand down death sentences to defendants with stereotypically black features, a new study from four universities, including Cornell, shows.

Children's health and human rights are at risk in Nepal
Nepalese children

Early drinking linked to higher lifetime alcoholism risk
Data from a survey of 43,000 U.S. adults heighten concerns that early alcohol use, independent of other risk factors, may contribute to the risk of developing future alcohol problems.

How best can we train health workers to deliver HIV care in poor countries?
In order to deliver HIV medicines to patients in poor countries, local health workers need to be trained, and yet few countries have a comprehensive training plan, say Elizabeth McCarthy and colleagues from the Clinton Foundation HIV/AIDS Initiative.

Gene expression in lung tumors
In an attempt to develop a classification of human lung tumors that might help to predict outcome, researchers from the Children's Hospital Boston compared gene expression patterns in patients with lung cancer with those seen during mouse lungs during development.

'Molecular assassin' targets disease gene
University of New South Wales (UNSW) researchers have announced they are developing a new class of experimental drug that has the potential to treat a diverse range of health problems, from inflammation and cancer through to eye and heart disease.

UCLA researchers develop T-cells from human embryonic stem cells
Researchers from the UCLA AIDS Institute and the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Medicine have demonstrated for the first time that human embryonic stem cells can be genetically manipulated and coaxed to develop into mature T-cells, raising hopes for a gene therapy to combat AIDS.

Trouble putting the kids to sleep?
Although about half of pediatricians recommend that children under age 2 can be given diphenhydramine to help them sleep, the first study to look at effectiveness of the agent in children who are that young found no benefit.

Building trust in virtual organizations
Trust is essential to any relationship, not least in business where companies have to be able to rely on their partners and suppliers.

Teen sexual assault survivors seldom complete HIV prevention therapy
Fewer than one-half of adolescent sexual assault survivors who are prescribed medications to prevent contraction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may return for follow-up visits and only about 15 percent complete the therapy, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Randomized trial in Zimbabwe suggests how to make HIV testing and counselling attractive
HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake of counselling and testing is often low.

Adopting multiple healthy habits may significantly lower risk of coronary heart disease in men
Men can reduce risk of coronary heart disease by adopting multiple healthy habits.

Jules Verne passes acoustic test
Acoustic testing of Jules Verne, the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), has successfully been completed at ESA's test facilities in Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

SARS vaccine development
While there have been only isolated cases of SARS since the 2003/2004 epidemic, it is likely that we will see future outbreaks.

Beta-agonist inhalers more than double death rate in COPD patients, analysis shows
A new analysis that compares two common inhalers for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease finds that one reduces respiratory-related hospitalizations and respiratory deaths, but the other -- which is prescribed in the majority of cases -- increases respiratory deaths.

The right kind of oil
Children who cannot eat normally because of intestinal problems must rely on parenteral nutrition, an intravenous method of feeding.

The Altran Foundation for Innovation reveals 2006 winner in Technological Innovation and Energy
The Altran Foundation for Innovation has revealed that the winner of the 2006 Award is Rudy van der Blom for the Maxxun project.

Experiments with fruit quality improvement lead to new approach for halting spread of cancer cells
Experimental work aimed at improving the quality of fruit has led to the discovery by Hebrew University of Jerusalem agricultural researchers of a promising new avenue of drug treatment for halting the growth and spread of cancer cells in animals and humans.

New sleep gene discovery wakes up scientists
Proteins that regulate sleep and biological timing in the body work much differently than previously thought, meaning drug makers must change their approach to making drugs for sleep disorders and depression and other timing-related illnesses.

Healing the heart with bone marrow cells
Researchers at the McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine at Toronto General Hospital have discovered the

Mild sadness provokes depressive thinking in some recovered patients
Some individuals with a history of depression may sink back into thinking patterns associated with the condition when faced with mild stresses or sadness, increasing their risk for relapse, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Obesity associated with psychiatric disorders, decreased odds of substance abuse
Obesity is associated with a 25 percent increase in the risk of developing mood and anxiety disorders and a 25 percent decrease in likeliness for substance abuse, according to a paper in the July issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study shows strong link between obesity and depression
Researchers found a strong link between obesity and mood and anxiety disorders, especially among Caucasian Americans and those with more education and higher income.

HIV/Hepatitis information service through the Internet
A leading Spanish newspaper has introduced, on its website, an information service about HIV/AIDS and about hepatitis B.

New study predicts child injuries by consumer fireworks
A study published in the July issue of Pediatrics predicts which children are most likely to be injured by fireworks, how and where their injury will occur and from what kind of fireworks.

Infections link with diabetes, suggests biggest study yet
A major study has added weight to the theory that environmental factors such as common infections may be a trigger for diabetes in children and young adults.

Man emerges from 19 years in minimally conscious state as brain repairs itself
In 2003, 39-year-old Terry Wallis who had persisted in a minimally conscious state (MCS) for 19 years after a traumatic brain injury, recovered basic motor function and the power of speech.

Scientists describe face transplant technique in the Lancet
French researchers responsible for the recent human face transplant report their 4-month results in a paper published online today (Tuesday July 4, 2006) by The Lancet.

New study shows people sleep even less than they think
A study of the sleep characteristics of 669 middle-aged adults found that people sleep much less than they should, and even less than they think.

Creative economy grows despite large population growth of creative people
Growth in creative economy jobs expanded rapidly in some parts of the country despite modest growth in the population of creative individuals.

Graduated driver licensing reduces fatal crashes by 11 percent
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine report that graduated driver licensing programs reduce, by an average of 11 percent, the incidence of fatal crashes of 16-year-old drivers.

Commonly recommended sedative does not improve infant sleep
An antihistamine often recommended to parents whose infants do not sleep through the night may not be effective in reducing nighttime awakenings or improving parents' happiness with their children's sleep, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UCSD biologists solve plant growth hormone enigma
Gardeners and farmers have used the plant hormone auxin for decades, but how plants produce and distribute auxin has been a long-standing mystery.

Annals of Internal Medicine Tip Sheet for July 4, 2006
In a study of 1,007 patients with osteoarthritis knee pain, both acupuncture and sham acupuncture improved knee pain compared with standard treatment of doctor visits and anti-inflammatory drugs.

FDA changes to accelerate patient recruitment
Ventracor Limited (ASX:VCR) incoming Chief Executive Officer Peter Crosby today said Ventracor had received approval from the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) to immediately change the protocol for its US feasibility study to help complete recruitment.

Avoiding punishment is its own reward
Functional imaging suggests a similar role for the human medial orbitofrontal cortex in processing the receipt of a reward and the successful avoidance of an aversive outcome, according to a study published in PLoS Biology.

A surprise about our body clock
The first gene known to control the internal clock of humans and other mammals works much differently than previously believed, according to a new study.

Study details why listeriosis rates are 20-fold higher during pregnancy
For years, doctors have puzzled over why pregnant women are 20 times more likely than others to be infected by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes.

Cost-effectiveness of treating multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Researchers have made predictions as to how the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in Peru might progress over the next 30 years, depending on what measures are used to fight it.

Genetic parallels found between lung development and lung cancer
Cancer development has long been speculated to mimic normal embryonic development.
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