Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 07, 2006
Face blindness is a common hereditary disorder
In the first study to examine whether the inability to recognize faces can be inherited, researchers found that it is in fact a common disorder that runs in families and is one of the most frequent disorders apparently controlled by a defect in a single gene.

Jefferson team designs program that helps elderly perform daily living tasks and live longer
A personalized program of occupational and physical therapy -- plus modifications in the home -- can go a long way to help elderly individuals continue to live independently and live longer.

Cracking the secret codes of Europe's Galileo satellite
Members of Cornell University's Global Positioning System Laboratory have cracked the so-called pseudo random number (PRN) codes of Europe's first global navigation satellite, despite efforts to keep the codes secret.

The brain, traffic and nano-circuits -- e-Science takes on major challenges
Research into three major scientific and technological challenges is to receive a major boost from the application of e-Science and grid computing.

Researcher studies, treats military with 'silent disease'
Dr. Maria Sjogren, a retired Army colonel and hepatologist has enrolled 90 active-duty servicemembers in her study at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.

People more likely to help others they think are 'like them'
Feelings of empathy lead to actions of helping -- but only between members of the same group -- according to a recent study in the July issue of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, an official publication of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, published by SAGE Publications.

Mare Humorum: where craters tell the story of basalt
This mosaic of three images, taken by the advanced Moon Imaging Experiment (AMIE) on board ESA's SMART-1 spacecraft, shows Mare Humorum on the Moon.

Prevention is the best option: fighting autoimmune diseases
Centenary scientist Associate Professor Barbara Fazekas de St. Groth, a leader in inflammatory bowel disease research, has demonstrated for the first time the important role of T cells in the prevention of autoimmune diseases in humans.

Institute of Medicine Advisory: Preterm births in the US
A new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, offers a research agenda to better understand how to predict and prevent preterm births.

COPD patients using beta-agonist inhalers are at risk
A new analysis that compares two common inhalers for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) finds that one reduces respiratory-related hospitalizations and respiratory deaths, but the other -- which is prescribed in the majority of cases -- increases respiratory deaths.

DOE publishes research roadmap for developing cleaner fuels
The Department of Energy today released an ambitious new research agenda for the development of cellulosic ethanol as an alternative to gasoline.

Sandia wins two R&D 100 awards
Sandia researchers and their collaborators have won two R&D 100 awards for the Compute Process Allocator, a computer algorithm technology, and the HTSS10V solid-state fluoride-based battery.

Study finds no support for claims that alcohol industry targets youth
A Penn State study finds no economic evidence that the alcohol beverage industry targets youth in its magazine ads, as alleged by critics.

One small step for Soft Matter...
Soft Matter will separate from its host journal and become an independent publication, the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) has announced.

UCLA study finds same genes act differently in males and females
Scientists may have revealed the origin of the battle of the sexes -- in our genes.

Supernova leaves behind mysterious object
Thanks to data from ESA's XMM-Newton satellite, a team of scientists taking a closer look at an object discovered over 25 years ago have found that it is like none other known in our galaxy.

UT Southwestern scientist named to Texas Women's Hall of Fame
Dr. Ellen Vitetta, director of the Cancer Immunobiology Center at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has been selected as one of the most accomplished women in Texas, Gov.

Medication use linked to farmers' injuries
Older farmers are at high risk for injury when they stop taking prescribed pain medications, shows a study done in part by the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada.

National Academies advisory: EPA dioxin risk assessment reviewed
Health Risks from Dioxin and Related Compounds: Evaluation of the EPA Reassessment, a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council, will be released at one-hour public briefing on Tuesday, July 11.

AACR awards $2.6 million in grants for metastatic colon cancer research
The American Association for Cancer Research announces the first 11 recipients of the new Jeannik M.

Penn researchers enlist proteins to 'switch on' heart tissue repair system in animal models
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine are utilizing a protein to

New research: Soy germ isoflavones reduce bone loss
A new study published in this month's European Journal of Nutrition demonstrates a strong correlation between reducing bone loss in non-obese postmenopausal women and the dose-dependent effect of soy germ isoflavones, particularly SoyLife®.

ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter reports for duty onboard the ISS
Thanks to the resumption of Space Shuttle flights, the permanent crew of the International Space Station is now back up to three.

PNNL wins prestigious R&D 100 awards for five technologies
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been recognized with five 2006 R&D 100 awards for a new cancer treatment method, a process that reduces the rate of post-surgical infection, and technologies that have reduced energy use, and led to improvements in the health and materials fields.

Prion disease agent causes heart damage in mouse study
A team of researchers at The Scripps Research Institute, the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), and Rocky Mountain Laboratories of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has shown for the first time that laboratory mice infected with the agent of scrapie -- a brain-wasting disease of sheep -- demonstrate high levels of the scrapie agent in their heart 300 days after being infected in the brain.
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