Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 11, 2006
Dragon Symposium highlights success of projects
Nearly 200 scientists are gathered in Lijiang city in the Yunnan Province of the People's Republic of China to attend the third annual five-day Dragon Symposium.

Agreement to increase the flow of ideas from laboratory to clinic
The University of Manchester and pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca have signed an agreement to enhance each organization's research into diseases such as cancer, inflammatory diseases and diabetes and obesity.

Weight gain may increase risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women
Weight gain, particularly after menopause, is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in women, according to an article in the July 12 issue of JAMA.

Imaging technology points to small molecules that can fight treatment-resistant tumors
Using a newly developed drug screen, researchers have discovered small molecule compounds that are able to perform the functions of a gene commonly mutated in many types of cancer.

Chronic middle ear infections linked to resistant biofilm bacteria
Direct evidence of bacterial biofilms has been found on the middle ear tissue of children who suffer from chronic ear infections, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) by researchers from the Allegheny Singer Research Institute (ASRI) at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh, the Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.

Suprising discovery may lead to new understanding of water quality
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have discovered new ways that ions interact with mineral surfaces in water, opening a door to new knowledge on how contaminants travel in the environment.

Science and security in the 21st century
The 2006 special issue of EMBO Reports on science and security covers the social, economic and ethical impact of dual-use research in the life sciences on society and vice versa.

Pitt phage hunter takes on tuberculosis
One third of the world's people are infected with tuberculosis, a deadly disease that is difficult to treat.

PET imaging confirms link between receptor levels and cocaine abuse
Using positron emission tomography (PET), researchers have established a firm connection between a particular brain chemistry trait and the tendency of an individual to abuse cocaine and possibly become addicted, suggesting potential treatment options.

Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal 'mystical' experience
Using unusually rigorous scientific conditions and measures, Johns Hopkins researchers have shown that the active agent in

TWAS, Illycaffè announce Trieste Science Prize winners
Illycaffè and the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) have joined forces to honor four eminent scientists from the developing world.

Removal of ovaries decreases risk of certain cancers for women at high-risk
Women with mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes can significantly reduce their risk of certain types of cancer by having their ovaries removed, according to a study in the July 12 issue of JAMA.

Minister Lunn to host visit of US Energy Secretary Bodman
The Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources Canada, the U.S.

3-D model reveals secrets of metastasis
Researchers develop 3-D model for imaging cancer metasasis.

Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of glaucoma in women
A 20-year study of women in the Nurses' Health Study has shown that type 2 diabetes is associated with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common form of glaucoma, accounting for about 60 to 70 percent of all glaucomas.

Sperm created in the laboratory from embryonic stem cells produce viable progeny
Scientists have demonstrated for the first time that embryonic stem (ES) cells cultured in the laboratory can produce sperm with the capacity to produce viable offspring.

Woods Hole engineering team from Titanic discovery to be honored
The underwater research vehicle, Jason Jr., which gained international attention for its exploration inside the wreck of the R.M.S.

Energy-rich portfolio of new genome sequencing targets for DOE JGI
Bioenergy crop plants switchgrass and cassava, other important agricultural commodities such as cotton, and microbes geared to break down plant material to render biofuels, round out the roster of more than 40 projects to be tackled by the U.S.

NDRI learns how to increase participation in vocational counseling
Treatment success for substance users is enhanced through employment, with reduced rates of relapse to drug use, criminality, and parole violations.

Large dinosaurs were extremely hot in their day, UF study finds
If you think dinosaurs are hot today, just think back to about 110 million years ago when they really ran hot and heavy.

Institute of Medicine advisory: Reducing preterm birth
The rate of premature births has increased more than 30 percent since 1981.

Self-cooling soda bottles?
Every day, the sun bathes the planet in energy -- free of charge -- yet few systems can take advantage of that source for both heating and cooling.

Controlling robots that search for Mars life
As part of ESA's ambitious, long-term Aurora exploration programme, ExoMars will search for traces of life on Mars.

Women smokers have higher risk of lung cancer than men smokers, though lower lung cancer death rate
Women who smoke appear to be more susceptible to lung cancer than men who smoke, though women smokers have a lower rate of lung cancer-related death, according to a study in the July 12 issue of JAMA.

Eye tissue shortage endangers clinical research's future
The future of clinical ophthalmology may be endangered by the decline in the number of human donor eyes provided by U.S. eye banks according to an article published in the July 2006 issue of Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS).

Supercomputers help physicists understand a force of nature
A breakthrough in the calculations needed to understand the strong nuclear force that comes from the motion of quarks and gluons is allowing scientists to begin finding answers to some profound questions.

Ten undergraduates at UCLA selected for CNSI Summer 2006 undergraduate research
The California NanoSystems Institute (CNSI) announces the selection of ten undergraduate students who participated in a competition for the CNSI Summer 2006 Research Fellowship Program.

Health savings accounts are not likely to stem rising health care spending
Health savings accounts (HSAs) coupled with high-deductible health plans sometimes lower consumer cost-sharing compared with many typical health insurance plans, according to a study supported by the Commonwealth Fund published in Health Affairs.

NIH turns to FSU for top research on learning disabilities
Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla. has been awarded a $6-million grant from the federal government over five years to fund research efforts aimed at more effectively understanding, predicting and preventing the development of learning disabilities such as dyslexia in children.

Mapping the protein world
ARP/wARPis a software package that automatically generates 3-D structures of proteins from data obtained by X-ray crystallography.

Powerful radiation source to further cancer research
Plans to construct Europe's most intense terahertz (THz) radiation source to further development of cancer research are underway at the University of Liverpool.

National Academies news: Young engineers selected to participate in engineering symposium
Eighty-one of the nation's brightest young engineers have been selected to take part in the National Academy of Engineering's (NAE) 12th annual Frontiers of Engineering symposium.

Chemistry research could produce faster computers
Chemists at the University of Liverpool are helping to create future electronics based on molecules for faster and smaller computers.

Higher levels of common daily activity associated with lower risk of death
Older adults who expend more energy through any daily activity, including non-exercise activity, have a lower rate of death than adults who are less active, according to a study in the July 12 issue of JAMA.

Making a face: A new and earlier marker of neural crest development
The fate of cells that go on to form the face, skull and nerve centers of the head and neck in vertebrates is determined much earlier in development than previously thought, and is independent of interaction with other forming tissues, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature.

Dragon Symposium highlights success of projects
Nearly 200 scientists are gathered in Lijiang city in the Yunnan Province of the People's Republic of China to attend the third annual five-day Dragon Symposium.

Researchers build sharpest tip
Forget the phrase,

Sandia researchers apply energy surety model to military bases
A Sandia National Laboratories research team has taken a labs-developed energy surety model to a tangible level by applying it to military bases.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
News tips from the journal of neuroscience covers: Activating EAAT4 Anion Channels, Visual Acuity and Long-Term Monocular Deprivation in Rats, Tracking Memory Operations with MEG, EGFR and Reactive Astrocytes.

Researchers unveil strategy for creating actively-programmed anti-cancer molecules
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology have developed a unique assembly strategy to produce an anti-cancer targeting antibody, an approach that combines the merits of small molecule drug design with immunotherapy.

I forgive you for taking his lunch money
New research conducted at the Australian National University supports forgiveness and reconciliation over punishment when dealing with bullies.

Sandia applies a surety approach in creating solutions to energy challenges
Sandia is looking at what energy practices can best answer U.S. current needs while not making compromises for future generations.

ACPM to host Webcast on adolescent violence and bullying
The American College of Preventive Medicine will host a web-based conference to discuss adolescent violence and bullying.

Rice's Connexions prepares for Vietnam launch
Rice University's Connexions today announced an agreement to deploy its web-based, open-source document creation and management system and content throughout Vietnam.

Immobility and functional decline: Avoiding the spiral
Older adults immobilized with bedrest, and tethered with foley catheters, IVs, and other devices that restrict mobility, can begin to lose functional capacity (a process known as deconditioning) within 48 hours.
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