Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 18, 2006
Be warned
Oppressive summertime heat claims more lives than all other weather-related disasters combined, including tornadoes and hurricanes.

Stanford's George Papanicolaou selected speaker for the John von Neumann Lecture
Dr. George Papanicolaou was selected speaker for the John von Neumann Lecture at the SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Digital mammography results in technologists' time savings but physician time loss
Digital mammography saves technologists' time, but increases physician time compared to film screen mammography, a new study shows.

Sustainable chemistry: Implementing the research & innovation agenda for Europe
On 27 August the initial proposals for implementing the ambitious European research agenda for the chemical & biotech sciences developed by SusChem will be presented to its 4th Stakeholder meeting in Budapest.

Iowa State, Ames Laboratory researchers win R&D 100 Award
Three Iowa State and Ames Laboratory researchers will be recognized for developing a software tool that helps engineers visualize and work with large sets of 3-D data.

François Golse and Laure Saint-Raymond named recipients of SIAM's premiering SIAG/APDE Prize
François Golse and Laure Saint-Raymond were awarded the SIAG/APDE Prize at the SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics) Annual Meeting which was held in Boston from July 10-14, 2006.

Promoting women in mathematics
Dr. Irene Fonseca was selected as speaker for the AWM-SIAM Sonia Kovalevsky Lecture at SIAM's Annual Meeting held in Boston, July 10-14, 2006.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
News Tips from The Journal of Neuroscience include: Blood Vessels Say NO to Axons; Life and Death in the Basal Forebrain; Purkinje Cell Activity and Saccadic Adaptation; and ATM and DNA Damage Repair.

European sustainable chemistry action plan -- August 27, 2006, Budapest
In Budapest, on August 27, the European chemical and industrial/white biotechnology community will be presenting an action plan for research and innovation activities over the next five years and the longer term.

Pollution threatens coral health by preventing lesions from healing, UCF study shows
UCF biologist John Fauth and his colleagues used the equivalent of blood tests on humans to identify likely causes of low coral vitality near wastewater discharge pipes and the Port Everglades inlet.

Your outlook in life is forged in childhood
Childhood socioeconomic status may have a lifelong impact on optimism and pessimism.

UT Southwestern orthopaedic surgeons first in area to use knee replacements designed for women
Orthopaedic surgeons at UT Southwestern Medial Center are the first in North Texas to use knee implants specifically designed to fit a woman's anatomy.

UW-Madison team invents fast, flexible computer chips on plastic
New thin-film semiconductor techniques invented by University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers promise to add sensing, computing and imaging capability to an amazing array of materials.

Genetic variation linked to age-related macular degeneration
The combination of a certain genetic variation, along with inflammatory factors and smoking, significantly increases the risk of the vision disorder age-related macular degeneration, according to a study in the July 19 issue of JAMA.

Heart has enough oxygen to survive hypothermia, CPR crucial
Rewarming the victims of severe hypothermia usually causes heart failure of varying severity, but little is known about why.

HO-1 in sickle cell disease: friend or foe?
Researchers have unexpectedly shown that sickle cell-associated kidney injury may be reduced by inhibiting the enzyme activity of a protein that commonly confers protection in other diseased states.

Case Western Reserve University researchers find protein associated with brain cell death
Neuroscientists at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have found evidence of which protein in the brain's immune cells triggers a cascade of reactions that produces unregulated free radical production that eventually leads to the neural cell death found in Alzheimer's disease.

Dr. Peter D. Lax receives Prize for Distinguished Service to the Profession of Applied Mathematics
Dr. Peter D. Lax of Courant Institute received the Prize for Distinguished Service to the Profession of Applied Mathematics at the SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Blood test predicts sickle cell disease complication, identifies patients at high risk of death
A team of scientists with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health has found that a hormone detected in a simple blood test can identify patients with sickle cell disease who have developed a life-threatening complication called pulmonary hypertension.

Carnegie Mellon study offers new clues about memory
A study conducted by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh involving an amnesia-inducing drug has shed light on how we form new memories.

Inflammatory processes in arteriosclerosis revealed
Revolutionary new results concerning substances that play major roles in the inflammatory response have been published in the American scientific journal PNAS in two articles from Karolinska Institutet.

SIAM Awards Lagrange Prize to Roger Fletcher, Sven Leyffer and Philippe L. Toint
Roger Fletcher, Sven Leyffer and Philippe L. Toint win Lagrange Prize in Continuous Optimization at SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

George F. Lawler, Oded Schramm and Wendelin Werner receive George Polya Prize in Boston
George F. Lawler, Oded Schramm and Wendelin Werner receive George Polya prize at SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

The Cochrane Library newsletter, Issue 3, 2006
This alert highlights some of the key health care conclusions and their implications for practice as published this week in The Cochrane Library, 2006, Issue 3.

Students from U of Colorado at Boulder and Harvard triumph in SIAM's Math Contest in Modeling
Math students from the University of Colorado at Boulder and Harvard University were selected winners of SIAM's Mathematical Contest in Modeling at the SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Combination anti-retroviral therapies associated with reduced infections in HIV-infected children
Since the introduction of highly active anti-retroviral therapies, there has been a substantial reduction of opportunistic infections and other infections in HIV-infected children, such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, according to a study in the July 19 issue of JAMA.

Smooth sailing: 'Cruise Ship Virus' tackled by UH, Baylor College of Medicine
The NIH's Western Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases awarded a two-year $280,000 grant to a pair of University of Houston professors who are studying what has commonly been dubbed the

Enzyme inhibitor may provide strategy to treat some GI disorders, Jefferson researchers find
Researchers have known that the enzyme Rho kinase (ROK) plays an important role in maintaining the tone of the internal anal sphincter (IAS), which is crucial for normal bowel functioning.

Connect the Quantum Dots
A new study, published today in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has significant implications for the design of disease markers and the development of chemoreceptors used in human biomedical research.

Small, but mighty
In a July issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a genomic analysis of the smallest, free-living eukaryote offers insight into its ability to thrive in the world's oceans and evolutionary biology.

Students awarded prizes at Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Annual Meeting in Boston
Students from California Institute of Technology, Harvard University and the University of Florida received prizes for their outstanding submitted papers at SIAM's Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Migraines with aura associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease
Women age 45 years or older who experience migraines with aura (associated neurologic symptoms such as temporary visual disturbances) are at a higher risk for heart attack, ischemic stroke, angina and death due to ischemic cardiovascular disease compared to women who do not report a migraine history, according to a study in the July 19 issue of JAMA.

UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute researchers find fewer neurons in the amygdala of males with autism
Researchers at the University of California, Davis, M.I.N.D. Institute have discovered that the brains of males with autism have fewer neurons in the amygdala, a part of the brain involved in emotion and memory.

Tiny airborne particles are a major cause of climate change
A new paper by Dr. Ilan Koren of the Weizmann Institute Environmental Studies and Energy Research Department and Dr.

SIAM's Richard C. DiPrima Prize awarded to Xinwei Yu of UCLA
Dr. Xinwei Yu was awarded the Richard DiPrima Prize at the 2006 SIAM Annual Meeting held in Boston, July 10-14, 2006.

Nicotine exposure during development leads to hearing problems
Scientists know that children of women who smoke during pregnancy can develop hearing-related cognitive deficits.

Peter Kloeden of Johann Wolfgang Goethe University receives W.T. and Idalia Reid Prize in Boston
Dr. Peter Kloeden received the 2006 W.T. and Idalia Reid Prize at SIAM's Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Direct link established between tropical tree and insect diversity
Higher tree species diversity leads directly to higher diversity of leaf-eating insects, researchers report in the July 13, 2006 early-online version of the journal Science.

Other highlights in the July 19 JNCI
Other highlights in the July 19 JNCI include a study of nine genes that may detect whether a person has bladder cancer, a study that links DDT and liver cancer, a study of a growth factor that could halt lung cancer spread, a study of different types of breast cancer cells, and a study of a genetic mutation and breast cancer.

Study confirms males/females use different parts of brain in language & visuospatial tasks
Differences in the way men and women perform verbal and visuospatial tasks have been well documented in scientific literature, but findings have been inconsistent as to whether men and women actually use different parts of their brains.

UK aging expert signs on as keynote speaker for GSA's annual meeting
Thomas Kirkwood, one of Britain's top researchers on the science of aging, has accepted an invitation to present the keynote address this November at The Gerontological Society of America's 59th Annual Scientific Meeting in Dallas, TX.

Telephone quitlines help people stop smoking
Telephone quitlines that encourage multiple counseling sessions can help smokers break their addiction.

Computer card game detects cognitive changes
A popular, computer-based card game is helping Oregon Health & Science University researchers monitor cognitive changes in the elderly, a new study shows.

SIAM's Julian Cole Lectureship awarded to Dr. Michael J. Shelley of the Courant Institute
Courant Institute Professor Michael J. Shelley wins Julian Cole Lectureship prize at SIAM Annual Meeting.

Stevens professor named an Early Career Principal Investigator
Frank Xu, Assistant Professor of Civil Environmental & Ocean Engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, has been named an Early Career Principle Investigator, a highly competitive and prestigious award from the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research of the Office of Science, US Department of Energy (DOE).

Erectile dysfunction: Incidence rate linked to type and severity of coronary artery disease
An Italian study of men with erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease (CAD) has shown for the first time that the rates of dysfunction differ according to the type and severity of the disease.

School-based prevention programs for aggressive children improve behavior
Aggressive behavior in children and teenagers is a serious problem, and having violent behavior early in life is strongly associated with injury, later criminal conduct and poorer health as an adult.

It's 2025. Where do most people live?
New map shows how global population is likely to change at the sub-national level by 2025 in each of 9 million grid cells spread across the globe.

An exercise of the will
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have found that exercise decreases pain and helps breast cancer survivors feel healthier and increase participation in daily activities.

SIAM awards Outstanding Paper Prizes to a medley of meritorious mathematicians
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics awarded several prizes for outstanding papers published in SIAM's journals at their Annual Meeting held in Boston, from July 10-14, 2006.

Dietary modifications may not benefit cancer patients
Two studies find little evidence that dietary changes or use of dietary supplements improves cancer outcomes, as reported in the July 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

AAAS urges US President to sign Embryonic Stem Cell Act
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest general scientific organization, on July 18 urged U.S.

Cluster hits the magnetic bull's-eye
ESA's spacecraft constellation Cluster has hit the magnetic bull's-eye. The four spacecraft surrounded a region within which the Earth's magnetic field was spontaneously reconfiguring itself.

Cornell's Éva Tardos awarded George B. Dantzig Prize at SIAM Annual Meeting
Dr. Eva Tardos of Cornell University was awarded the George B.

Children with eczema have the same impaired quality of life as those with kidney disease
Having a serious skin condition can cause a child as much distress as having a chronic illness such as epilepsy, renal disease or diabetes.

Figuring out function from bacteria's bewildering forms
The constellation of shapes and sizes among bacteria is as remarkable as it is mysterious.

Saving the planet from a mathematical perspective
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics selected Simon Levin as honored speaker for the I.E.
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