Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 04, 2006
Meth promotes spread of virus in HIV-infected users
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have presented the first evidence that the addictive drug methamphetamine, or meth, also commonly known as

First large-scale study addressing augmentation treatment for resistant major depressive disorder
In the first large-scale study of its kind, researchers at Cedars-Sinai found that people suffering from resistant major depressive disorder who don't respond to standard antidepressants can benefit when the drug therapy is augmented by a broad spectrum psychotropic agent, even when treated for a brief period of time.

Gabriela Cezar's stem cell research targets birth defects and cancer
After conducting research at Scotland's Roslin Institute (birthplace of Dolly, the cloned sheep) and creating in-vitro models of obesity and Parkinson's disease for the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, Gabriela Cezar has returned to the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Extreme heat: Who is most likely to die?
Public health professionals should pay particular attention to the elderly, diabetics and African Americans on days with extreme heat, such as during the current heat wave sweeping across much of the U.S.

SMART-1 toward final impact
SMART-1, the successful first European spacecraft to the Moon, is now about to end its exploration adventure, after almost sixteen months of lunar science investigations.

USGS Science at Ecological Society of America
Hurricane impacts, invasive species, wildlife disease and the effect of fire on ecosystems are among the topics that scientists of the U.S.

Human embryonic stem cells display a unique pattern of chemical modification to DNA
Scientists have found that the DNA of human embryonic stem cells is chemically modified in a characteristic, predictable pattern.

$14.6 million NIH Grant will build on macular degeneration findings
A five-year, $14.6 million grant from the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will fund an international, multidisciplinary effort to leverage two recent genetic discoveries into possible treatments for age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Oral bisphosphonate risk slight, but dental patients should be aware, ADA says
People taking oral bisphosphonates, a type of drug used to treat osteoporosis, osteopenia and Paget's disease of bone, should be aware of potential risks when undergoing certain dental procedures, according to guidelines published in this month's Journal of the American Dental Association (ADA).

UAF to host arctic change symposium
The University of Alaska Fairbanks will host the Helge Ingstad Memorial Symposium on Arctic Change, Sept.

Current technology for brain cooling unlikely to help trauma patients
Attempts to cool the brain to reduce injury from stroke and other head trauma may face a significant obstacle: current cooling devices can't penetrate very deeply into the brain.

Penn researchers determine structure of smallpox virus protein bound to DNA
Researchers have determined the structure of an important smallpox virus enzyme and how it binds to DNA.

Movie spies on malaria parasite's sneaky behavior
Malaria has been outsmarting the human immune system for centuries.

PSL: the emerging industry standard
The first ever comprehensive text written about the IEEE standard P1850 PSL,

Stevens' Professor Manu Malek keynotes SECRYPT 2006
Professor Manu Malek of Stevens Institute of Technology, a globally renowned expert in cyber security and related issues, will deliver the keynote address at the SECRYPT 2006 International Conference on Security and Cryptography in Setubal, Portugal, August 7, 2006.

Researchers appeal for new regulations to save coral reefs from live fish trade
Researchers are calling for tighter controls on the live reef fish trade, a growing threat to coral reefs, in letters to the international journal, Science.

Germans do well in the third round of EURYI Awards
The 25 prizewinners of the third round of the European Young Investigator (EURYI) Award competition have been announced.

Einstein's Dr. E. Richard Stanley receives 2006 E. Donnall Thomas Prize
E. Richard Stanley, Ph.D., professor and chair of developmental and molecular biology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has been selected to receive the 2006 E.

Geophysical Institute purchases unmanned aircraft system
It only weighs about 40 pounds, but the Insitu A-20, an unmanned aircraft system, will provide a hefty boost to a variety of research projects throughout Alaska.

San Francisco's homeless population is getting older
UCSF researchers have found that the median age of San Francisco's homeless population has increased from 37 to 46 years over 14 years -- a rate of about two-thirds of a year every year.

Neural stem cells derived from human embryonic stem cells carry abnormal gene expression
Neural stem cells grown from one of the federally approved human embryonic stem cell lines proved to be inferior to neural stem cells derived from fetal tissue donated for research, a UCLA study has found.

Transgenic goat's milk offers hope for tackling children's intestinal disease
Animal scientists at the University of California, Davis, have found that milk produced by transgenic goats, which carry the gene for an antibacterial enzyme found in human breast milk, altered the intestinal bacteria in young goats and pigs that were fed the milk.

Elders suffer disproportionately during heat waves, other disasters
Recent natural disasters have negatively affected older people significantly more than other demographic groups, yet few steps have been taken to improve ensuing relief efforts, according to the latest issue of the Public Policy & Aging Report (PP&AR), a quarterly publication of the National Academy on an Aging Society.

Angst and the rail commuter: longer the trip, greater the stress
Scientists know that the longer your drive to work, the more likely you are to feel frustrated and irritated and to experience physiological stress.

New hope in cancer vaccines emerges as novel therapies are developed and tested
Medicine can now prevent a host of diseases. For the first time, the prospect of eradicating a specific cancer through vaccination is possible.

Washington University researchers find almost half of kids with ADHD are not being treated
In contrast to claims that children are being overmedicated for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a team of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Reversing malnutrition a spoonful at a time
Swollen bellies, orange hair, listlessness and dull eyes -- these are the traits of child malnutrition in Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and where roughly one of every three children is chronically malnourished.

UGA's Cox Center finds job market recovery continues for journalism and mass communication graduates
Improvements in the job market continued in 2005 for journalism and mass communication graduates according to findings just released by the University of Georgia's James M.
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