Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 13, 2006
Panel updates guidelines for treatment of adult HIV infection
With antiretroviral therapy for adults with HIV infection continuing to evolve, the International AIDS Society -- USA Panel has issued updated recommendations for the treatment of HIV, according to a report in the August 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS.

Researchers explore how religious garment defines a new generation of women
What some perceive as oppressive is perceived as liberating for many second-generation American Muslim women, as they blend their parents' religion with their place in the

'Sticky' mice lead to discovery of new cause of neurodegenerative disease
When a faulty protein wreaks havoc in cells and causes disease, researchers are usually quick to point the finger at a wayward gene.

Life and death in the hippocampus: what young neurons need to survive
Whether newborn nerve cells in adult brains live or die depends on whether they can muscle their way into networks occupied by mature neurons.

When the going gets tough, slime molds start synthesizing
In times of plenty, the uni-cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum leads a solitary life munching on bacteria littering the forest floor.

Rapid expansion of HIV treatment services in Africa feasible, with good patient outcomes
A massive scale-up of HIV/AIDS treatment programs at urban primary care sites in Zambia has produced favorable patient outcomes, demonstrating that expansion of such programs in sub-Saharan Africa is feasible, with good results, according to a study in the August 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS.

Research shows no direct association between anxiety symptoms and adverse pregnancy outcomes
According to a review of the research on anxiety and pregnancy outcomes, researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch found that experiencing anxiety symptoms during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of a number of pregnancy complications such as having a longer labor or a low birth weight baby.

A new window into the deformation of nanoscale materials
Some nanoscale crystals can be perfect, and scientists long assumed that a crystal needs to be perfect to sustain stress at its theoretical limit.

Ancient war paint in fight against breast cancer
Woad, an ancient dye plant has been found to be a rich source of the anti-cancer compound, glucobrassicin, traditionally associated with broccoli.

Study shows promise for simplified treatment of HIV infection
A preliminary study indicates that using a single boosted protease inhibitor instead of the standard regimen of 3 drugs for maintenance therapy may be an effective treatment for select patients with HIV infection, according to a study in the August 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS.

Depressed people benefit more from marriage than others
Depressed singles receive greater psychological benefits from getting married than those who are not depressed, new research shows.

University of Washington researchers discover novel genomic disorders
Researchers at the University of Washington and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have discovered several new genetic causes of mental retardation, according to a study published online August 13 in Nature Genetics.

No advantage for four-drug antiretroviral regimen vs. three-drug for initial treatment of HIV-1
Adding a fourth drug to an antiretroviral regimen for the initial treatment of HIV-1 did not lead to significant differences in reducing HIV levels in the blood, time to virologic failure, adverse events or drug resistance over 3 years.
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