Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 16, 2006
Researchers seek to solve mystery of natural HIV control
An international, multi-institutional research consortium is seeking to discover how a few HIV-infected individuals are naturally able to suppress replication of the virus.

Mapping the neural landscape of hunger
The compelling urge to satisfy one's hunger enlists structures throughout the brain, as might be expected in a process so necessary for survival.

Study provides evidence that autism affects functioning of entire brain
A recent study provides evidence that autism affects the functioning of virtually the entire brain, and is not limited to the brain areas involved with social interactions, communication behaviors, and reasoning abilities, as had been previously thought.

Projected costs of stroke highlight need for increased NIH funding
With projected costs of ischemic stroke in the United States expected to top $2.2 trillion dollars by 2050, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is urging Congress to further increase funding for the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Researchers identify human DNA on the fast track
Since completing the sequencing of the chimpanzee genome last year, geneticists have spent many hours comparing human DNA sequences to those of our closest evolutionary relative, looking for the differences that distinguish the two species.

Idursulfase is effective treatment for Hunter syndrome, clinical trial concludes
An article reporting results from a pivotal clinical trial that helped gain U.S.

Newly discovered gene may hold clues to evolution of human brain capacity
Scientists have discovered a gene that has undergone accelerated evolutionary change in humans and is active during a critical stage in brain development.

FSU geographer charting new territory with hurricane relief mapping
When a hurricane strikes, authorities are increasingly turning to satellite images and computer-based maps.

100 percent plus increase in illegal blood alcohol levels in emergency care patients over five years
Blood alcohol levels well above the legal limit have soared 113 percent among emergency care patients in just five years, reveals a study at one major urban hospital, published in Emergency Medicine Journal.

TV effective 'painkiller' for kids
TV really does act like a painkiller when it comes to kids, reveals a small study published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Strokes will cost US $2.2 trillion by 2050 if prevention & treatment don't improve
Unless Americans do more to lower their risk of stroke and improve stroke care, the nation will pay $2.2 trillion over the next 45 years to care for people who suffer the most common form of stroke, a new study predicts.

Two Rutgers nursing professors to explore nursing work environment
Two Rutgers College of Nursing faculty members are conducting a study to explore for the first time the association between the nursing work environment and nurse reported outcomes in dialysis centers.

Location, location, location!
By discovering that particular rat brain neurons combine or

Nickitas Georgas honored with ASBPA 2006 Education Award
The American Shore & Beach Preservation Association has chosen Nickitas Georgas, a Ph.D. candidate and Senior Research Engineer at Stevens Institute of Technology's Davidson Laboratory, as the 2006 recipient of its Educational Award.

UK hospitals poorly prepared for a 'major incident,' say researchers
UK hospitals are poorly prepared to cope with a

African Americans have lower response rate to standard therapy for hepatitis C
African American patients with hepatitis C (HCV) infections experience a lower response rate to the peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin combination treatment than Caucasian Americans, according to a study published in the August issue of Gastroenterology, the journal for the members of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA).

Completed genome set to transform the cow
Analysis of data gleaned from the Bovine Genome Sequencing Project should lead to major improvements in cattle breeding technologies being achieved in the near future.

Medicines Australia committed to Code of Conduct will appeal the condition imposed by ACCC
Medicines Australia today said it was committed to its Code of Conduct, one of the toughest of any industry in Australia, and would work closely with the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) on future versions of the Code.

Brain gene shows dramatic difference from chimp to human
One of the fastest-evolving pieces of DNA in the human genome is a gene linked to brain development.

FSU biologists uncover mechanisms that shape cells for better or worse
In a landmark study, biologists at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla., have uncovered a specific genetic and molecular mechanism that causes cell polarity -- the asymmetric shape or composition critical to a cell's proper functioning.

Brain's cannabinoid system 'mellows' seizures
The same brain machinery that responds to the active substance in marijuana provides a central

Internal body clock dictates timing of different types of stroke
The internal body clock, or circadian rhythm, seems to influence the timing of different types of stroke, suggests research published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

Healing potential discovered in everyday human brain cells
UF McKnight Brain Institute scientists document for the first time the ability of common human brain cells to morph into different cell types.

Community model effective in allotting anti-AIDS meds, Stanford doctor says
In a new, small-scale study, to be presented Aug. 17 at the International AIDS Conference in Toronto, Stanford researchers found that the nongovernmental organization, AIDS Empowerment and Treatment International, or AIDSETI, has been effective in distributing antiretroviral drugs to the patients who need them most.

Breaks in hibernation help fight bugs
A habit in some animals to periodically wake up while hibernating may be an evolutionary mechanism to fight bacterial infection, according to researchers at Penn State.

Study shows long-term health effects from West Nile illnesses
More than a year after being diagnosed with a West Nile virus infection, half of the patients have ongoing health complaints including fatigue, memory problems, headaches, depression and tremors, according to an article in the Sept.

The IAU draft definition of 'planet' and 'plutons'
The world's astronomers, under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), have concluded two years of work defining the difference between

Ammonia-loving archaea win landslide majority
A genetic analysis of soil samples indicates that a group of microorganisms called crenarchaeota are the Earth's most abundant land-based creatures that oxidize ammonia, according to an international team of researchers from Norway, Germany, United Kingdom and the United States.

Researchers discover how acid reflux leads to esophageal cancer
Researchers have discovered the signaling pathway from the production of acid to esophageal cancer.

Far away galaxy under the microscope
Astronomers have discovered large disc galaxies akin to our Milky Way that must have formed on a rapid time scale, only 3 billion years after the Big Bang.

Projected costs of stroke in the United States top $2 trillion dollars
Estimated costs of ischemic stroke in the United States in the next half century will exceed $2.2 trillion dollars.

The key to the Pioneer anomaly?
The unexplained changes in acceleration in NASA's Pioneer 10 and 11 probes in the 1980s and 90s, could be related to similar odd shifts in speed in other more recent probes.

New study links higher income with lower disability rates
Numerous studies have already established the link between extreme poverty and poor health, but a new study led by a public health researcher at UC Berkeley has found that health disparities exist even between those with higher incomes.

Northwestern receives Gates Foundation grant for medical diagnostics
Northwestern University has received a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop and produce affordable diagnostic devices for infectious diseases plaguing developing countries.

UA physicist discovers exotic superconductivity
A University of Arizona physicist has discovered that strong magnetic fields change the basic properties of electrons flowing through superconductors.

Program works to build diverse new generation of computer scientists
A novel freshman-level program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison called Wisconsin Emerging Scholars in Computer Science (WES-CS) is working to counter a remarkable absence of women and underrepresented groups in the field.

MRI scans in premature infants can predict future developmental delays
A Washington University pediatrician at St. Louis Children's Hospital has found that performing MRI scans on pre-term infants' brains assists dramatically in predicting the babies' future developmental outcomes.

Study finds MRSA most common cause of skin infections in patients presenting in nation's ER's
A study reported in the New England Journal of Medicine finds that MRSA is the most common cause of skin and soft-tissue infections among patients presenting in emergency rooms across the country.
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