Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 22, 2006
Emeritus Director leading the way at Prince Henry's
Emeritus Director at Melbourne's Prince Henry's Institute, Professor Henry Burger, has been selected as the recipient of the 2006 NAMS/Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Morrie M.Gelfand Leadership Award in Androgen Research.

Forsyth scientists develop system for automated analysis of behavior
The Forsyth Institute today announced the creation of a new computerized system for monitoring, analyzing and controlling cognitive science experiments.

Book on birds the first to set English-language naming guidelines
Now you don't have to learn Latin to know all the birds of the world and learn different names for the same species on different continents; you just have to have a good memory.

August GEOSPHERE media highlights
The August issue of GEOSPHERE, published in electronic format only by the Geological Society of America, is now available online.

NHGRI awards $54 million to three Centers of Excellence in Genomic Science
The National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced grants totaling $54 million over five years to establish one new Center of Excellence in Genomic Science (CEGS) and continue support for two existing centers.

Snap judgments decide a face's character, psychologist finds
People decide whether a person is attractive and trustworthy within a tenth of a second, responding intuitively to faces so rapidly that our reasoning minds may not have time to influence the reaction.

Terence Tao, 'Mozart of Math,' wins Fields Medal, called 'Nobel Prize in math'
Terence Tao became the first mathematics professor in UCLA history to be awarded the prestigious Fields Medal, often described as the

One in 10 teenage girls have self-harmed, study shows
One in 10 teenage girls self-harm each year and the problem is far more widespread than was previously thought, shows the largest-ever study of self-harm amongst 15- and 16-year-olds in England.

Report issued on outbreak of serious eye infection linked with use of certain contact lens solution
Researchers have additional information concerning the recent outbreak of the corneal infection Fusarium keratitis, which was associated with use of a specific contact lens solution, according to a study in the August 23-30 issue of JAMA.

Metabolic disorder not well-suited for inclusion in newborn screening programs
A metabolic disorder that can lead to developmental delay and other problems is more common than previously assumed, but does not meet major criteria for inclusion in newborn screening programs at this time, according to a study in the August 23-30 issue of JAMA.

2006 Science-in-Society award winners announced
Stories about in vitro fertilization, biodiversity, the effects of global warming in the Arctic and in Colorado, and the worldwide effects of a flu pandemic are the subjects of this year's winners of the Science-in-Society award, which is conferred by the National Association of Science Writers (NASW).

Carbon fibers make tiny, cheap video displays
Cornell researchers have shown that carbon fiber can be a durable, flexible material for micromechanical electromechanical systems (MEMS), with particular application to creating video displays.

Cigarette smoke blocks cell repair mechanism, University of Florida study shows
University of Florida researchers describe how cigarette smoke condensate, which is a surrogate for cigarette smoke, can cause DNA damage and can block the DNA repair of a cell or compromise the DNA repair capacity of a cell.

Grasso, Stevens alumni deploy next generation information systems platform
Dr. S. Vincent Grasso, an adjunct professor of chemistry and chemical biology at Stevens Institute of Technology and founder of Technology Integrations for Medical Applications, Inc.

Less expensive anti-clotting medication appears as safe and effective as more expensive treatment
Subcutaneous (beneath the skin) injection of the original and less expensive form of the anti-coagulant medication heparin is as effective and safe as subcutaneous administration of the newer and more expensive low-molecular-weight heparin for treatment of venous thromboembolism (blood clots in the deep veins of the legs or in the lungs), according to a study in the August 23-30 issue of JAMA.

Protein clue to tailor-made antibiotics
Scientists at the University of York have made a huge leap forward in the search for

Close-up on Cuvier crater ridge
This high-resolution image, taken by the Advanced Moon Imaging Experiment (AMIE) on board ESA's SMART-1 spacecraft, shows the young crater

Blood clots can be treated by injections at home
Treatment of blood clots in the deep veins of the legs or the lungs with an older, less expensive form of the anticoagulant medication heparin can be just as safe and effective as similar treatment with a newer and more expensive heparin.

Shame prevented soldiers from expressing war traumas
After the Second World War, Finnish psychiatrists felt that soldiers had readapted to civilian society very well.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
This release contains summaries published in the Journal of Neuroscience, including: A fly pheromone receptor; Visualizing a netrin gradient; Contextual modulation in human visual areas; and Revisiting the direct and indirect striatal pathways.

Even Superman couldn't win battle with pressure ulcers
While pressure ulcers are common among people with impaired mobility, a new study has found surprisingly inadequate scientific evidence on the best strategies to prevent them.

Sturgeon's general warning: stable for now, but beware
They take a long time before they mate and, once old enough, don't mate every year.

Update on AIDS vaccine R and D August 24 Web conference
IAVI highlights scientific progress made in the search for an AIDS vaccine before 2006 AIDS vaccine conference in Amsterdam.

MIT: Regional storage facilities could handle nuclear waste
The Bush administration is eagerly pushing nuclear power as a way to help solve the U.S. energy crisis.

Three cancer researchers win awards from ASTRO
The American Society for Therapeutic Radiation and Oncology is pleased to announce the recipients of the ASTRO Poster Recognition Award.

Ever-happy mice may hold key to new treatment of depression
A new breed of permanently

NASA technology helping injured US troops
Patented NASA technology that originally enhanced robotics and sounding rockets is now aiding U.S. soldiers returning from overseas duty with spinal cord or traumatic brain injuries, at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.

Scientists stop autoimmune disease without shutting off immune system
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill may have found a safer, more effective way to treat the life-threatening autoimmune skin disease pemphigus vulgaris without turning off the immune system.

Engineers create gecko-inspired, high-friction micro-fibers
Inspired by the hairs that allow geckos to hang single-toed from sheer walls and scamper along ceilings, a UC Berkeley-led team of researchers has created an array of synthetic micro-fibers that uses very high friction to support loads on smooth surfaces without the stickiness found in adhesives.

Pittsburgh professor named fellow of American Society for Engineering Education
Larry J. Shuman, professor of industrial engineering and associate dean for academic affairs in the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering, has been recognized as one of 12 new fellows of the American Society for Engineering Education.

$18 million award to support Yale Center of Excellence in Genomic Science
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) today announced a grant of $18 million over five years to continue support for the Center of Excellence in Genomic Science (CEGS) at Yale University.

The Finnish government failed to address the adverse emotional impact of war
Finnish society managed to cope with the problems brought about by the Second World War relatively well.

Hispanic and young children with kidney disease likely to be short
Children with chronic kidney disease who are very young and Hispanic have a greater chance of being shorter than other youngsters.

Mexican Americans have higher risk of stroke recurrence
Mexican Americans, the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, have an increased risk of stroke compared to non-Hispanic whites, but the risk of recurrence and its effect on mortality has not been investigated until now.

Dartmouth research points to protein S14 in treating breast cancer
William Kinlaw, an associate professor of medicine at Dartmouth Medical School, has been working on a protein called S14 since 1990.

Study drug holds promise as alternative to castration for early prostate cancers
Traditionally, medical castration therapy following radiotherapy can significantly improve survival for men with locally advanced prostate cancer, compared to radiotherapy alone.

Prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 in US decreasing
It appears the recent trend in the increasing prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 in the U.S. has been reversed, with a reported decrease in the number of people with the virus in recent years, according to a study in the August 23-30 issue of JAMA.

Robust, paper-like Liquid Crystal Polymer (LCP) evaluated for NASA applications
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have received funding from the NASA/Earth Science Technology Office to evaluate a material called liquid crystal polymer (LCP) for electronics applications in space.

Imaging technique may prevent injury during ablation for atrial fibrillation
A new imaging procedure may reduce the risk of esophageal injury in patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, according to a study published in the September 2006 edition of Heart Rhythm.

Queen's expert challenges 'corporatization' of breast cancer research
New research by a Queen's University researcher questions the effectiveness of privately funded efforts to stop the epidemic of breast cancer among North American women.

Two strokes and you're out?
Having a stroke is bad enough. But having another one after surviving the first one is especially bad, more than doubling a person's risk of dying in the next two years, a new study finds.

Promising new research on hereditary diseases
An international group of stellar scientists gathered together for four days of intense discussion, debate and designing future therapies for Huntington's disease and related disorders.

Rehydrate -- your RNA needs it
Water, that molecule-of-all-trades, is famous for its roles in shaping the Earth, sustaining living creatures and serving as a universal solvent.

Exposure to PCBs may reduce the effectiveness of vaccines in children
New epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to environmental pollutants may have an adverse impact on immune responses to childhood vaccinations.

Mouse mimics chronic leukemia, will aid drug development
A study by cancer researchers here reveals that a new strain of mice offers the first real animal model for an incurable form of chronic leukemia and should greatly aid the development of new drugs for the disease.

UC Davis researchers move biotechnology closer to replacing electronic pacemakers
UC Davis researchers have successfully used a custom designed protein and gene delivery system to restore normal heart rhythms in pigs with electronic pacemakers, reducing dependence on implanted devices.

Scientists learn more about how roughage keeps you 'regular'
If you ever wondered just how a high-fiber diet helps keep you, well,

Researchers develop flood-tolerant California rice
Rice grown anywhere in the world soon could be made completely flood-tolerant because of new research led by UC Riverside's Julia Bailey-Serres, a professor of genetics.

Elsevier to publish Mendeleev Communications
Elsevier announces a publishing partnership with Mendeleev Communications. Under the agreement, Elsevier will publish six journal issues per year, both in print and in online form, on Elsevier's leading platform ScienceDirect, beginning with the first issue in 2007. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to