Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 23, 2006
Rensselaer researchers aim to close 'green gap' in LED technology
A team of researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has received $1.8 million in federal funding to improve the energy efficiency of green light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

Wound infections cheaper than we thought
The cost of infections post surgery and that first appear after a patient's discharge from hospital is 50 times less than previously estimated, according to a study by Queensland University of Technology.

Adolescent condom use with 'casual' versus 'main' partners
One of the main outcomes from the world AIDS conference in Toronto this month was the push for better HIV intervention methods.

Brave new world in life sciences
To defend against threats emerging from the convergence of the biosciences with information technology, nanotechnology and materials sciences, experts recommend fixing a fractured public health system and maintaining open scientific exchanges.

Study: Rain forest insects eat no more tree species than temperate counterparts
A study initiated by University of Minnesota plant biologist George Weiblen has confirmed what biologists since Darwin have suspected -- that the vast number of tree species in rain forests accounts for the equally vast number of plant-eating species of insects.

Yale helps organize conference to identify new treatments for Tourette Syndrome
Leading scientists, including several from Yale School of Medicine, will gather in Washington, D.C., September 10-12 to identify new approaches for the treatment of Tourette Syndrome.

Government reports show significant H-1B wage violations
Many H-1B workers have not been paid the wages their employers claimed they would pay them, but because of the Department of Labor's limited authority to investigate such claims, the extent of these violations is unknown.

New engineering tool is a dream
Hawker de Havilland, a wholly owned subsidiary of Boeing, is the first licensed user of a unique engineering tool, the Intelligent Risk Exchange (IREX) system.

Astronomers use supercomputers to study atoms linked to black holes
Super-hot atoms in space hold the key to an astronomical mystery, and an Ohio State University astronomer is leading an effort to study those atoms here on Earth.

PSA predicts treatment success in advanced prostate cancer
A test used to detect prostate cancer can also help doctors know when treatment is working.

Sulfur signature changes thoughts on atmospheric oxygen
Ancient sediments that once resided on a lake bed and the ocean floor show sulfur isotope ratios unlike those found in other samples from the same time, calling into question accepted ideas about when the Earth's atmosphere began to contain oxygen, according to researchers from the U.S., Canada and Japan.

Ether returns to oust dark matter
The idea of an all-pervading

Experts add to growing warnings about asthma drug
University of Iowa asthma experts are trying to ensure that an asthma drug combination is prescribed only when truly necessary.

University of California, San Diego-led team discovers how we detect sour taste
A team headed by biologists from the University of California, San Diego has discovered the cells and the protein that enable us to detect sour, one of the five basic tastes.

Researchers identify the cells and receptor for sensing sour taste
In the last seven years, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researcher Charles S.

Tiny ion pump sets new standard in cooling hot computer chips
University of Washington researchers have succeeded in building a cooling device tiny enough to fit on a computer chip that could work reliably and efficiently with the smallest microelectronic components.

International conference on engineering education hosted by Virginia Tech
Reform in engineering education has become an object of intense interest and desire in countries throughout the world.

Microcapsules open in tumor cells
Max Planck researchers channel microcapsules into tumor cells and release their contents using a laser impulse.

Biophysical Society names 2007 award recipients
The 8000 member Biophysical Society is pleased to announce the recipients of its 2007 Society awards.

Biological pest control becomes an economic reality
EUREKA project E! 2971 ALTREARMETHODS has developed methods of producing natural predator insect pests which can offer businesses a much more economic and reliable production than before.

Major new osteoporosis study to recruit people in Orkney
Up to 2,000 people from the remote Isles of Orkney, Scotland, are to be recruited onto a major new study, which aims to identify the genes that cause the common bone-thinning condition, osteoporosis.

Water filtration technique removes dangerous freshwater algae toxins
A water filtration technique that normally cleans up agricultural chemicals is also effective at removing a toxin secreted by algae found in lakes and rivers, an Ohio State University study has found.

Canada high in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's cases: Is Canada too clean?
Canada has among the highest incidences of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease cases per capita in the world, a new study shows.

Scientists uncover critical step in DNA mutation
Scientists at Georgia Tech have made an important step toward solving a critical puzzle relating to a chemical reaction that leads to DNA mutation.

Manatee traveler in northeastern waters not Chessie
A West Indian manatee has been sighted in various waters of the northeastern United States in the last 5-6 weeks.

Largest review of Loeys-Dietz Syndrome to date
At least three severe, potentially fatal genetic diseases leave patients with aortas so flimsy that they can rupture in pregnancy and labor or even lesser activities, often without warning.

Cortical plasticity: it's time to get excited about inhibition
New research from Brandeis University published this week in Nature offers new insight into how neural circuits are shaped by experience.

Parkes finds unexpected 'heartbeats' in star
Astronomers using CSIRO's Parkes telescope in eastern Australia have detected radio

Tight-knit family: Even microbes favor their own kin
New research in this week's issue of Nature finds that even the simplest of social creatures -- single-celled amoebae -- have the ability not only to recognize their own family members but also to selectively discriminate in favor of them.

Viruses can jump between primates and humans, researchers warn
Viruses that jump the species barrier between monkeys and humans can harm both people and animals, and we should take steps to reduce the risk of virus transmission.

Oxygen deprived brains repaired and saved
Scientists from Melbourne's Howard Florey Institute have found special proteins that protect the brain after it has been damaged by a lack of oxygen, which occurs in conditions such as stroke, perinatal asphyxia, near-drowning and traumatic brain injury.

Dads want flexibility, not shorter working hours
Being a father has little effect on men's working patterns, in spite of the fact that they cut back their working hours for a short time after a new child is born, according to Economic and Social Research Council funded research at the University of Bristol.
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