Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 04, 2006
Global changes alter plant growth schedule
Any gardener knows that different plant species mature at different times.

Anticipation plays a powerful role in human memory, brain study finds
Psychologists have long known that memories of disturbing emotional events -- such as an act of violence or the unexpected death of a loved one -- are more vivid and deeply imprinted in the brain than mundane recollections of everyday matters.

The mind-body connection -- How CNS regulates arthritis
In a unique approach to inflammation research, a study by researchers at UCSD School of Medicine shows that, in a model of rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation in the joints can be sensed and modulated by the central nervous system (CNS).

Dipstick test for meningitis culprits
Over a million people each year, most of them in the

Edible coatings will be the packaging of the future
One of the most popular alternatives in the last few years is the edible coating - a transparent film that covers the food item and acts as a barrier to humidity and oxygen.

Global changes alter the timing of plant growth, scientists say
Different plant species mature at different times. Scientists studying plant communities in natural habitats call this phenomenon

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- August 30, 2006
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package contains reports from the 34 major journals.

Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, Sept. 5, 2006
The Annals of Internal Medicine Sept. 5, 2006, Issue will include the following articles: Underestimation of calorie content is related to meal size, not body size; and Virgin olive, high in polyphenols, reduces heart disease risk factors.

Prevention programs for young rural teens can reduce methamphetamine abuse years later
New research supported in part by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, shows that prevention programs conducted in middle school can reduce methamphetamine abuse among rural adolescents years later.

Short-term intervention programs have potential to reduce teen methamphetamine use
Brief school- and family-based intervention programs may reduce methamphetamine use among adolescents, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Older fathers more likely to have autistic children
Children of men age 40 and older have a significantly increased risk of having autism spectrum disorders compared with those whose fathers are younger than 30 years, according to an article in the September issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

SMART-1 swan song: valuable data until final moments
Right up to its final orbits, SMART-1 continued delivering valuable data, extending the mission's legacy as a technology and scientific success.

The Antarctic Canary -- the human impact on climate change
As the UK attempts to move towards a low carbon economy, leading scientists and a world expert on sustainable energy in buildings this week discuss the evidence for climate change and possible solutions.

Injured, ill children treated at U.S. military hospital in Iraq
Based on the experience of Air Force personnel at an expeditionary military hospital in Iraq, military hospitals should be prepared with the proper staff, training and equipment to treat injured and noninjured children who require medical care, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Workshop suggests turning problems into biofuels
The twin problems of too much feedlot manure and too many mesquite trees could be solved by converting them into renewable bioenergy products, Texas A&M University System agricultural researchers, engineers and commercialization experts suggested Friday.

Social imitation in neonatal monkeys
This manuscript provides the first quantitative description of neonatal imitation in a nonhuman primate, indicating imitative capacities are not unique to the ape and human lineage, contrary to what was previously thought.

Chronic diseases and injuries in Latin America and the Caribbean: Time for action
Seven out of ten deaths in Latin America and the Caribbean are due to chronic diseases (such as heart disease and stroke) and injuries, and health policy makers must take urgent action to reduce this burden, say researchers from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Good times ahead for dinosaur hunters, according to U of Penn scientist's dinosaur census
The golden age of dinosaur discovery is yet upon us, according to Peter Dodson at the University of Pennsylvania.

Televised movie trailers expose youth to images of tobacco use
Despite a ban on tobacco advertising on television, nearly all U.S. children age 12 to 17 years may have been exposed to tobacco use through movie advertisements televised in 2001 to 2002, according to an article in the September issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study offers clues to brain's protective mechanisms against alcoholism
A new study provides clues that differing brain chemistry may provide part of the answer to why some people with a strong family history of alcoholism develop alcohol dependency while others do not.

Don't rely on cold reason - trust your intuition as well
Risk and uncertainty are part of modern life, but why does the possibility of terrorist bombs on aeroplanes, a new generation of nuclear power stations and a flu pandemic trigger public distrust in the powers-that-be?

Otter research gives insight into lead pollution
Valuable evidence about the success of the lead petrol ban has been gathered from otters by a scientist at Cardiff University.

Drinking during pregnancy linked to offspring's risk of alcohol disorders in early adulthood
Individuals whose mothers drink three or more glasses of alcohol at any one occasion in early pregnancy have an increased risk of developing alcohol disorders by 21 years of age, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Why we need better estimates of global demand for an HIV vaccine
To really make a difference in halting the AIDS pandemic, an HIV vaccine

Study points to improvements needed in China heart care
Inequitable and cost-inefficient allocation of scarce resources has been found to be a key problem in the management of heart attack and severe angina patients in China, according to the results of a study announced today at the World Congress of Cardiology in Barcelona, Spain.

How can advances in biology be translated into better health?
Although advances in biomedical research have given new insights into the causes of disease, insights that could be translated into better medical treatments, such

A new approach to rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis drugs work better, at least in arthritic rats, when delivered into the central nervous system, Gary Firestein and colleagues (University of California San Diego) now report in the international open-access medical journal PLoS Medicine.
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