Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 06, 2006
Virus may control Australia's "river rabbit"
CSIRO scientists are investigating a potential new biological control agent that could hold the key to eradicating one of the nation's most invasive aquatic pests -- carp.

White on white: Nation's first ever 'whiteness' survey provides new insight on race
What whites think about their own race is the focus of a first-of-its-kind national survey by researchers in the University of Minnesota's department of sociology.

Cracking the real Da Vinci Code -- what happens in the artist's brain?
The brain of the artist is one of the most exciting workplaces, and now an art historian at the University of East Anglia has joined forces with a leading neuroscientist to unravel its complexities.

Yale Geologist Mark Brandon honored for second time with Kirk Bryan Award
Mark Brandon, professor of geology and geophysics at Yale, is designated this year's Kirk Bryan Award for Research Excellence from the Geological Society of America (GSA) for his work on erosion rates and their relationship to broad scale questions of the Earth's surface and underlying plate movement.

New strategy improves outcome for children with most common type of brain tumor
Radiotherapy that is adapted for the severity of disease and followed by a shortened course of chemotherapy substantially improves the outcome of children with a type of brain tumor called medulloblastoma, claim investigators in a paper published online in the Lancet Oncology.

Greenhouse gas bubbling from melting permafrost feeds climate warming
A study co-authored by a Florida State University scientist in Tallahassee, Fla., and published in the Sept.

State health department Web sites inaccessible to many, study finds
From filing medical claims to comparing health providers to determining eligibility for assistance programs, Web sites maintained by state health departments have progressed to offer more services and information over the past 5 years.

Decompression-driven crystallization warms pathway for volcanic eruptions
The reason may be counter-intuitive, but the more magma crystallizes, the hotter it gets and the more likely a volcano will erupt, according to a team of scientists that includes a University of Oregon geologist.

Early trial shows H5N1 influenza vaccine safe and effective in humans at low doses
A vaccine in development against the H5N1 influenza virus can produce a safe immune response in healthy people at low doses, according to an online/article published today by The Lancet.

ACS National Meeting blog
Tune into the new ACS News Service Weblog for daily dispatches from the ACS's 232nd National Meeting in San Francisco.

Harvard University engineers demonstrate laser nanoantenna
Engineers and applied scientists from Harvard University have demonstrated a new photonic device with a wide range of potential commercial applications, including dramatically higher capacity for optical data storage.

Gropep launches new product to support cell culture products business
Listed biopharmaceutical company GroPep Limited today announced the launch of a new assay kit as part of its Cell Culture Products business.

Migraine treatment and prevention in women
Migraines are more common in the United States than diabetes, osteoarthritis or asthma.

Plastic Surgery 2006 spotlights the future of plastic surgery
From new data on psychological and physical benefits, to futurists, economists and plastic surgeons sharing their vision of the future of plastic surgery, the hottest topics, technologies and advances will be presented at Plastic Surgery 2006.

Recent study confirms warning signs of painkiller abuse
A recent study of patients receiving opioid medications for chronic pain, has confirmed that a number of warning signs may appear in the medication pre-screening process for doctors with concerns over medication abuse by patients and the long-term effectiveness of the treatment.

Hopkins scientists link immune response to 'ghost' parasites and severely congested sinuses
Although it's unclear why it's so, scientists at Johns Hopkins have linked a gene that allows for the chemical breakdown of the tough, protective casing that houses insects and worms to the severe congestion and polyp formation typical of chronic sinusitis.

Case and Cleveland Clinic researchers identify molecule in age-related macular degeneration
A dart-like molecule that adheres to proteins in the eye is the key that turns on the uncontrolled growth of blood vessels, according to researchers at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Clinic Cole Eye Institute.

Studies find general mechanism of cellular aging
Three separate studies confirm a gene that suppresses tumor cell growth also plays a key role in aging.

Thirty percent of nurses report both verbal and physical abuse in the last four working weeks
Thirty percent of Australian nurses reported being both verbally and physically abused in the last four working weeks.

How did our ancestors' minds really work?
Max Planck researchers have used psychological research techniques to successfully reconstruct primeval cognition.

Issues of privacy at the forefront of concerns for U.S. citizens
Nearly 80 percent of organizations exercise some form of employee surveillance, according to an article in the latest issue of Communication Theory.

Wounds may one day heal better, faster, due to new NIH-funded wound healing centers
Burns. Diabetic ulcers. Gunshot wounds. Bedsores. The treatment of these and other wounds may improve, thanks to a new $13 million NIH initiative to develop innovative therapies for acute and chronic wounds.

Fishing trade helps Africa
Eating fish imported from poor African countries can help rather than harm those economies according to new research by scientists at the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, working in partnership with the University of East Anglia.

BC catalyst discovery promises faster, cheaper drug production
Boston College chemists have discovered a substance that will make it possible for scientists to produce scores of pharmaceuticals and other chemicals in a faster, less expensive way.

Study shows antibiotic-resistant bacteria responsible for increase in muscle infections
Researchers in Houston, Texas, have found two bacterial muscle infections common in tropical countries becoming more frequent occurrences along with the emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, according to a study published in the Oct.

Untangling a pathology of Alzheimer's
Researchers have uncovered what appears to be a natural protective mechanism against a central cause of neuronal death in Alzheimer's and similar neurodegenerative diseases.

Cronin Fest activities to honor Nobel Laureate September 8-9 on his 75th birthday
Nearly 300 colleagues and admirers from around the world will convene at the University of Chicago to celebrate the 75th birthday of James Cronin, who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in physics, during a series of events on Friday, September 8, and Saturday, September 9, at Ida Noyes Hall, 1212 E.

Two at Yale named outstanding new environmental scientists by NIEHS
Two talented young Yale scientists who are pursuing careers in environmental health research have been named recipients of this year's eight Outstanding New Environmental Scientist (ONES) Awards by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).

Mount Sinai researcher finds drinking water safe to drink
According to a study in the November issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology (available online September 5), drinking water DBPs -- in the range commonly encountered in the U.S.

Mayo Clinic finds effective test to determine treatment for chronic cough
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that an asthma diagnostic test, the exhaled nitric oxide test, is an inexpensive, quick and easy way to determine whether inhaled corticosteroids will relieve a patient's chronic cough.

Environmental toxins may cause body's defenses to worsen lung disease
The University of Cincinnati has received $2.4 million to study whether environmental toxicants can stimulate the body's natural defense system to cause additional damage in people with chronic lung diseases.

Nobel Laureate keynote speaker at conference on nanomedicine, geriatric care, brain injury
Sir Harold Kroto, Nobel Laureate, will speak on

Epilepsy medication proving ineffective over time
A new critical review by Dr. Wolfgang Loscher and Dr.

Researchers create mouse lacking key inflammation gene
Boston University researchers create mouse lacking key inflammation gene; will likely lead to new treatments for inflammatory diseases.

Reports, studies shatter myth that H-1B visa holders are paid same wages as U.S. citizens
U.S. industry spokespeople say repeatedly that H-1B visa holders are paid the same wages as similarly qualified American citizens.

Academia and industry will discuss the future of recommender systems
Attendees and speakers of

Defects in crucial brain protein implicated in memory loss
The ability to recognize familiar objects and companions is lost when levels of a protein crucial for recycling a chemical messenger in the brain are reduced, mimicking some of the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, an international team led by Duke University Medical Center scientists has discovered.

Journal Management Science introduces new 'Management Insights,' digest of leading new research
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) today announced that its flagship journal Management Science has introduced a new monthly feature.

Molecules in blood foretell development of preeclampsia
High levels of two proteins in the blood of pregnant women appear to indicate the subsequent development of preeclampsia, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, report a team of researchers from the National Institutes of Health and Beth Israel Deaconess.

Wiley announces partnership with NASPGHAN and AASLD
Global publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced a new agreement with the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) whereby Wiley will provide complimentary subscriptions of the journal Hepatology to all NASPGHAN fellows.

CSIRO signs international coal research agreement in Japan
A three-way coal research and development Joint Statement was signed in Tokyo on Wednesday, September 5.

Dark matter 'proof' called into doubt
When a researcher from the University of Arizona in Tucson announced on August 21 that his team had

Scientists explore how complex organs develop from a simple bud
The current issue of Differentiation, guest-edited by Brigid Hogan, highlights several scientific investigations into the complex biological mechanism known as branching morphogenesis.

Playing field leveling in media coverage of political candidates
A recent study of newspaper articles covering candidates running for public office between 1992 and 2000 demonstrates that, in general, media coverage is becoming more gender-balanced.

Keep slapping on that sunscreen
When out in the sun, make sure you apply the sunscreen regularly, or you might be better off not using it at all.

ASU will host conference on sustainability in higher education
Arizona State University will host the inaugural conference of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE), October 4-6, 2006.

Single genetic defect produces specific cognitive deficit in mice
Researchers have found that, in mice, producing a single genetic defect in a molecule that

Excellence in scholarship recognized at annual meeting of political scientists
The 102nd American Political Science Association annual meeting included award ceremonies for researchers working on a wide range of topics in the field of political science, government and policy.
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