Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 08, 2006
'World's smallest controlled heat source' studies explosives at the nanoscale
Using nanometer scale analysis techniques and quantities too small to explode, researchers have mapped the temperature and length-sale factors that make energetic materials - otherwise known as explosives - behave the way they do.

MIT uses sound to search for gas, oil
Just as doctors use ultrasound to image unborn babies, MIT researchers listen to the echoing language of rocks to map what's going on tens of thousands of feet below the Earth's surface.

Sound understanding of indoor acoustics could make hearing easier
An innovative technique that, for the first time, accurately measures exactly how sound behaves in

Asteroids and meteorites reveal family resemblance
Using data collected by the Japanese space probe Hayabusa in a rendezvous with the 550-meter asteroid Itokawa, researchers have demonstrated that space weathering occurs even on small asteroids.

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features methods for analyzing protein interactions
Cold Spring Harbor Protocols, an online journal that publishes methods used in a wide range of biology laboratories, has added over 40 new peer-reviewed protocols to its archive.

Leading-edge technology program announcement of opportunities
ESA has issued an Announcement of Opportunities calling for proposals for innovative technology developments.

UAF to host AAAS Arctic Division conference
More than 200 scientists are expected to attend the AAAS Arctic Division annual conference in Fairbanks, Alaska Oct.

'Allergy cells' can aggravate cancer and psoriasis
The body's mast cells are mainly associated with allergic reaction in the way they release histamine and other inflammatory substances.

Public confidence in government drops as 5th anniversary of 9/11 approaches
On the eve of the fifth anniversary of the Sept.

Breast discomfort during hormone therapy may indicate increased risk for breast cancer
Women with new-onset breast discomfort showed a 3.9 percent increase in breast density, compared with a 0.6 percent density increase in women without discomfort.

Using nature's most primitive anti-viral defense system to find new approaches to cancer research
The humble fruit fly and a grant from the AICR - the Association for International Cancer Research - are helping Dr.

OHSU lab links gene to aged skin problems, cancer
Oregon Health and Science University researchers have uncovered a pathway through which a gene's over-expression causes skin stem cells to switch from creating hair follicles to creating sebaceous glands.

Pregnant drivers, football players safer thanks to a top Virginia Tech researcher
Biomechanics innovations ranging from a computer model of a pregnant driver to a head injury monitoring system for the Hokie football team have earned Virginia Tech researcher Stefan Duma a place among the world's top young technology developers.

Sex and the heart: It's not what you think
A new study finds that when it comes to heart health, men are getting better while women are getting worse.

Kansas State professor uses geography and geospatial technology to study patterns of seized meth lab
A Kansas State University geography professor is using geography and geospatial technology to describe the spatial patterns of seized meth labs in an area of Colorado and parts of Kansas, and to analyze their association with geographic and socioeconomic characteristics.

Unique laboratory could make pavements more user-friendly
A laboratory specifically designed to make pedestrian environments safer and easier to use is up and running at University College London.

Frank Uhlmann of London Research Institute wins 'EMBO Gold'
Dr Frank Uhlmann of Cancer Research UK's London Research Institute is the winner of the 2006 EMBO Gold Medal.

US clinical researchers resist full financial disclosure, according to Conflicts-of-Interest Study
Researchers and officials charged with the ethical oversight of research are often reluctant to fully disclose financial interests to potential clinical research participants, according to the latest Conflict-of-Interest Notification Study (COINS), just published in the Fall 2006 issue of the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics.

Researcher lights the way to better drug delivery
A Purdue University researcher has explained for the first time the details of how drugs are released within a cancer cell, improving the ability to deliver drugs to a specific target without affecting surrounding cells.

Planet or failed star?
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have photographed one of the smallest objects ever seen around a normal star beyond our Sun.

Drug could change the standard treatment during procedures to clear blocked arteries
Millions of procedures to open up blocked arteries feeding the heart are successfully performed at hospitals across the United States each year.

Predicting an answer to the threat of flooding
The latest advances in computer flood modeling and animation that could help to improve the way we protect the UK's towns and cities from flooding will be highlighted at this year's BA Festival of Science in Norwich.

Conference Costs/Benefits of HIV/AIDS Interventions Developing Countries
In 2006, almost $8.9 billion has been allocated to finance the global response to AIDS, but it falls short of the needed $14.9 billion.

Consortium for Functional Glycomics awarded $40.7 million 'glue' grant
The Scripps Research Institute's Consortium for Functional Glycomics has received a $40.7 million

Ground movement risks identified by Terrafirma
Ground movements are responsible for hundreds of deaths and billions of Euros annually, and the threat they pose is increasing due to urbanization and land use.

Planet or failed star? One of smallest stellar companions seen by Hubble
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have photographed one of the smallest objects ever seen around a normal star beyond our Sun.

Computer science, engineering Ph.D. student on leave from UCSD makes 'Top 35 Young Scientist' list
Sumeet Singh has been named one of the nation's top 35 innovators under age 35 by MIT's Technology Review magazine.

Most Katrina evacuees in Houston plan to stay here
More than two-thirds of the Hurricane Katrina evacuees who fled to Houston for shelter a year ago said they plan to remain here, according to a recent survey by researchers at Rice University.

New Jersey's telecom industry needs new growth strategy, report says
With jobs and patents declining, New Jersey's communications industry needs a dramatic turnaround strategy to capitalize on the next wireless revolution, according to a report released this week by Stevens Institute of Technology.

'Environmental Forensics' could cut the cost of brownfield development
The emerging scientific discipline of

Study finds healthcare usage significantly altered after September 11 attacks
While healthcare usage markedly declined in the 3 weeks immediately after the terrorist attacks of September 11, healthcare claims then rose above expected levels during the following months.
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