Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 12, 2006
Team depression care reduces suicidal thoughts in older adults
A new study shows that a team-based approach to treating depression in primary care can significantly reduce suicidal thoughts in older adults.

UCR's Douglas Altshuler to receive the 2006 George A. Bartholomew Award
Douglas Altshuler, an assistant professor of biology at UC Riverside who studies flying animals, has been selected to receive the 2006 George A.

Pitt professor designs less-risky reactor for clean, safe energy
Pitt chemical engineering professor Goetz Veser has created microreactors that won't explode, no matter what the gas composition or how hot they get, and that can keep undesirable pollutants, like nitrogen oxides, from forming.

Cold shot
Scientists have long known that uranium salts under ultraviolet light will glow an eerie greenish-yellow.

UC Davis researchers find added benefit of statins in those at high risk for heart disease, diabetes
UC Davis researchers have shown that statins not only improve cholesterol levels, but also dramatically reduce disease-causing inflammation in patients with metabolic syndrome -- a condition defined by symptoms that include abdominal obesity and high blood pressure.

Craig Mello named winner of The Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research
Craig C. Mello, Ph. D., a has been named the inaugural recipient of the Dr.

Violence in the home leads to higher rates of childhood bullying
Children who were exposed to violence in the home engaged in higher levels of physical bullying than youngsters who were not witnesses to such behavior, according to researchers from the University of Washington and Indiana University.

Consumption of green tea associated with reduced mortality in Japanese adults
Adults in Japan who consumed higher amounts of green tea had a lower risk of death due to all causes and due to cardiovascular disease, according to a study in the Sept.

Brown team creates uncanny cell replicas for treatment, research
Is that Schwann cell real -- or replica? A Brown University biomedical engineer had a tough time telling apart genuine cells from fakes after casting plastic reproductions of these nervous system support cells out of silicon.

Scientists and engineers simulate jet colliding with World Trade Center
Researchers at Purdue University have created a simulation that uses scientific principles to study in detail what likely happened when a commercial airliner crashed into the World Trade Center's North Tower on Sept.

ACS Weekly PressPac -- September 6, 2006
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with a selection of story topics from the nearly 10,000 scientific presentations scheduled for the ACS national meeting in San Francisco.

Studies provide new evidence on risks associated with Cox-2 inhibitors and NSAIDs
Two new review studies evaluating the safety of the pain-relieving medications selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) find increased cardiovascular and kidney risks.

Ecological change, climate variation addressed at international conference, September 20-24
Ecosystem responses to increasing urbanization in cities like Phoenix, links between declining Eastern hemlock trees and river and stream ecosystems, coral reef dependence on symbiotic crabs and the history and future of long-term ecological research are among subjects to be addressed at the 6th Long-Term Ecological Research All-Scientists Meeting, sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

MRI can track survival of pancreatic islets after transplantation
Magnetic resonance imaging with an approved contrast agent may provide a practical way of monitoring the survival of transplanted pancreatic islets.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles will be featured in the next issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: Probing the Thermotaxis Circuit in C. elegans; Marginalizing Cajal-Retzius Cells; Motor Goals and the Monkey Parietal Reach Region, and Neutralizing TNF and 6-OHDA Neurotoxicity.

International conference to highlight latest LCD research and technology
Students, technology investors and scientists will have the opportunity to take part in workshops focusing on research that is paving the way for future technologies at the Society for Information Display's (SID) hands-on International Display Research Conference (IDRC) September 18-21 at Kent State University's Liquid Crystal Institute.

Regular aerobic exercise significantly reduces markers of increased colon-cancer risk in men
Regular, moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise significantly reduces a risk factor associated with the formation of colon polyps and colon cancer in men.

MIT device could prevent epileptic seizures
Researchers at MIT are developing a device that could detect and prevent epileptic seizures before they become debilitating.

Pre-clinical study finds Parkinson's cell death blocked by stopping inflammatory factor
Blocking one of the body's natural inflammatory factors gives substantial protection against cell death in the brain associated with Parkinson's disease, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found in a study on rats.

Dairy is necessary, even for lactose-intolerant children
Following a report from the American Academy of Pediatrics that lactose-intolerant children can and should include dairy in their diet, Dairy Council of California offers some simple strategies to help lactose-intolerant children consume three servings of dairy each day.

Nicotine lessens symptoms of depression in nonsmokers
Nicotine may improve the symptoms of depression in people who do not smoke, Duke University Medical Center scientists have discovered.

Reducing side effects of painkillers
Cardiff University researchers have increased the understanding of why some painkillers increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

JAMA study provides clues to cause of sudden cardiac death in teens
Fainting during childhood, and whether a teen is going through the male or female changes of puberty, are among the factors that predict whether a genetic defect will suddenly stop the teen's heartbeat, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Round-the-clock monitoring by UH contributes to air quality study
University of Houston scientists are joining more than 200 researchers from 60 institutions in the Texas Air Quality Study-II to help alleviate the negative impact of air pollution on public health and economic development.

Spam filter design to benefit from internet routing data
A database of more than 10 million spam email messages collected at just one Internet

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania selected to '25 Most Influential' list in radiology
RT Image has chosen the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) as one of its

Factors linked with increased risk of cardiac arrest for adolescents with certain heart condition
Researchers have identified several factors that are linked with an increased risk for cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death among adolescents with long-QT syndrome, an abnormality of the electrical conducting system of the heart, characterized by a specific finding on the ECG, according to a study in the Sept.

More Americans reject war as policy tool
Americans are rejecting war as a tool of national policy in unprecedented numbers, and this trend will impact the midterm elections and the next presidential race, according to Paul Joseph, a political sociologist at Tufts University.

MIT forges greener path to iron production
MIT engineers have demonstrated an eco-friendly way to make iron that eliminates the greenhouse gases usually associated with its production.

New VEE virus protein structure marks first step to developing effective therapy
Biomedical researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have taken an important early step toward developing effective drug therapies against Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus, a potential bioterrorist weapon.

Pre-clinical study suggests how steroid can reverse post-traumatic stress
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center, working with mice, have shown how the body's own natural stress hormone can help lastingly decrease the fearful response associated with reliving a traumatic memory.

Penn study suggests a new type of pain reliever that may benefit the heart
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found that deleting an inflammation enzyme in a mouse model of heart disease slowed the development of atherosclerosis.

Vitamin D may cut pancreatic cancer risk by nearly half
Consumption of vitamin D tablets was found to cut the risk of pancreatic cancer nearly in half, according to a study led by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard universities.

Study finds safety test results on children's drugs not always reaching physicians
Hundreds of drugs that have been prescribed for children may not be safe or effective for pediatric use or may require different doses than currently suggested, but some of this information may not be reaching the medical community, according to a study by Duke University Medical Center researchers.

Penn to host Herbal Medicine Symposium
The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, School of Nursing and the Morris Arboretum are jointly sponsoring a symposium on Sept.

Updated sleep apnea screening recommended for commercial drivers
New recommendations released today by a joint task force of the American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and the National Sleep Foundation offer an updated and consistent approach to the screening and management of obstructive sleep apnea among commercial motor vehicle operators.

Sandia fingerprinting technique demonstrates wireless device driver vulnerabilities
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have demonstrated a fingerprinting technique that allows hackers with ill intent to identify a wireless driver without modification to or cooperation from a wireless device.

A 'genetic study' of the galaxy
Looking in detail at the composition of stars with ESO's VLT, astronomers are providing a fresh look at the history of our home galaxy, the Milky Way.

High-tech equipment may help reduce wildlife-vehicle collisions
Researchers at the Western Transportation Institute at Montana State University recently finish a six-year study on roadside animal-detection systems.

AAFP, ACP and AOA meet with Congress on Medicare reimbursements to physicians
Today, the presidents and physician leaders of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the American College of Physicians (ACP) and the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) were in Washington to express

National study compares delivery methods of schizophrenia medicines
More than half of schizophrenia patients don't take their medication as directed and a new study will determine whether biweekly physician visits and injectable drugs can change that.

Genomatix appoints distributor for the growing Chinese market
Genomatix Software GmbH of Munich, Germany announced today that it will sell its products to the Chinese market through Beijing ZGZ Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Black-Bone Silky Fowl: An odd bird with meat to crow about
Chemists have developed a simple and effective method to measure the levels of carnosine in chicken, and have used it to show that unusually high levels of carnosine exist in Black-Bone Silky Fowl.

Faculty member earns $300,000 grant for hurricane damage research
Dr. Jean-Paul Pinelli will apply $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to work on a wireless sensor network for monitoring wind impacts.

Transplant cures rats' type 2 diabetes without need for immune suppression drugs
An approach proven to cure a rat model of type 1 or juvenile-onset diabetes also works in a rat model of type 2 or adult-onset diabetes, according to a new report from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

ASTRO awards $240,000 to four cancer researchers
The American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology is pleased to announce the recipients of its 2006 Junior Faculty Career Research Training Award and Resident/Fellow in Radiation Oncology Research Seed Grants.

'Wait-and-see' approach for treating ear infections substantially reduces use of antibiotics
For children with acute ear infections seen in an emergency department, giving parents the option of delaying use of antibiotics resulted in significantly lower use of antibiotics compared to parents who received a standard prescription, with little difference in the outcomes for the children, according to a study in the Sept.

Virginia Tech chemists create new polymers by adding DNA base pairs
Chemists are finding that adding DNA base pairs improves stretchable behavior and self-healing in polymer films and coatings.

Scientists discuss new frontiers in single-molecule research at American Chemical Society
Not long ago, the idea of conducting an experiment on a single strand of DNA seemed far beyond the realm of science.

Do green markets actually lead to improvements in environmental quality?
Goods and services with environmental benefits are a growing part of many sectors of the economy, and a timely new paper from the current issue of the Journal of Political Economy analyzes how our willingness to pay more for environmentally friendly products actually influences environmental quality and social welfare.

ESA experiments with spaceflight participant Ansari to ISS
Scheduled to lift off on September 18, 2006, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, along with Expedition 14 crew members, NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria and Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin, Iranian-American entrepreneur Anousheh Ansari will be the test subject for four ESA experiments during her stay on board the International Space Station.

UK e-Science Program wins award for leadership in grid computing
The UK e-Science Program has won a prestigious international award in the inaugural GRIDtoday Readers' and Editors' Choice Awards which are presented at the GridWorld conference in Washington, D.C. today.

Effect of direct-to-consumer drug ads unexpected
Television ads for prescription drugs are everywhere, enticing people to ask their doctors for this drug or that one, but the effect this type of ad has on American healthcare may be more complicated than simply inducing patients to choose one brand or the other, according to a team of researchers.

Partnership between NIAID and Sequella yields promising new TB drug for clinical testing
Sequella, Inc., recently received clearance from the Food and Drug Administration to enter Phase I clinical trials with their TB drug candidate, SQ109.

Salivary melatonin may decrease periodontal disease severity according to new study findings
Salivary melatonin may play an important role in maintaining periodontal health, according to a new study published in the Journal of Periodontology.

Using microbes to fuel the US hydrogen economy
Daniel (Niels) van der Lelie, a biologist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, will discuss the prospect of using vats of microbes to brew up abundant quantities of hydrogen for a future hydrogen-based economy in a talk at the 232nd national meeting of the American Chemical Society.

Black-white IQ gap has narrowed
The gap in measured cognitive ability between blacks and whites has narrowed by at least a quarter since 1972.

New study of solar system speculates about life on other planets
A comprehensive review by leading scientists about our solar system which speculates on the possibility of life on other planets has been published.

Tiny fuel cell might replace batteries in laptop computers, portable electronics
Chemists at Arizona State University in Tempe have created a tiny hydrogen-gas generator that they say can be developed into a compact fuel cell package that can power laptop computers and other portable electronics.

Data lacking on psychiatric drugs for kids
A new report by the American Psychological Association finds much of the care for children with mental health issues has been limited to medication even though many psychosocial treatments have been found to be effective and less risky.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2006
This month, story highlights include: Materials: Monster cutters; Energy: Checking the grid; Nanoscience: Flipping the spin; and Materials: Molecular electronics.

Chemistry Central Journal announced at ACS National meeting
Chemistry Central Journal, a revolutionary open access peer-reviewed, online chemistry journal, was announced today at the American Chemical Society meeting in San Francisco.
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