Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 15, 2006
Mediterranean neurosciences in Albania
Fifty years since its inception, the Albanian Neuropediatrics Society becomes member of the ICNA (International Child Neurology Association) and is on its way to becoming a fully fledged member of the international scientific community for the accurate scientific level of the research conducted in the field of child neurology.

Small, low-noise oscillator may help in surveillance
A new design for a microwave oscillator that is smaller, simpler and produces clearer signals at a single frequency than comparable devices has been invented at NIST.

Access to science enhanced by new NIH-ASH agreement
The American Society of Hematology and the National Institutes of Health have signed an agreement that creates a new option for nonprofit publishers to comply with the NIH's Public Access Policy.

Shorter distance on six-minute walk test points up a greater risk of death
For idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients awaiting lung transplantation, a simple walk test can predict mortality rates.

ESA astronauts, including Reiter live from space, meet the press at the European Astronaut Centre
For Europe, the spotlight is currently on the International Space Station.

Drug could prevent type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals
Giving people at high-risk of developing type 2 diabetes a drug called rosiglitazone, along with lifestyle recommendations, could substantially reduce their chances of developing the disease, according to an Online/Article published by the Lancet today (Friday September 15, 2006).

New reference materials support industrial zeolites
NIST has issued three new reference materials to support researchers studying the properties of commercially important zeolites, a class of materials used in a wide variety of applications, such as in laundry detergents (where they replace pollution-causing phosphates), as catalysts in oil refineries, and as molecular sieves for chemical separations.

Test helps identify patients with breast cancer who will likely benefit from chemotherapy
A test that measures the amounts of two members of the same protein family -- one of which appears to act as an oncogene, and the other as a tumor suppressor -- helps identify patients with breast cancer who will likely benefit from chemotherapy and those who won't, according to researchers.

New international guidelines for heart transplant candidates standardize patient care
The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation announces the release of the first international guidelines for heart failure patient management, particularly prior to heart transplantation, published in this month's edition of the Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Weight worries affect women's motivation to stay smoke-free after pregnancy
Although many women quit smoking during pregnancy, the majority will resume smoking after having a baby.

Single molecular 'mark' seen as pivotal for genome compaction in spores and sperm
In animals, genes are passed from parents to offspring via sperm or eggs.

Bacteria get off easy in sinus infections
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have evidence that curbed activity from several key chemicals on the inner lining of the nose are linked to chronic sinusitis that fails to respond to the usual current treatments.

Researchers watch seeds in 3-D and discover an unknown air path
Researchers from the CNRS, the University J. Fourier of Grenoble and the ESRF have recently visualised a plant seed in 3-D using synchrotron light.

Scientists get best look ever at water-life connection
No one has ever seen exactly how water molecules interact with proteins -- even though water is the essential element for life ... that is, not until now.

New drug target might sidestep gleevec resistance, Jefferson scientists show
Though enormously successful, the leukemia drug Gleevec has some downsides.

'Ticking time bomb': Prisons unprepared for flu pandemic, says new SLU research
One of the most potentially dangerous breeding grounds of disease is woefully ill-prepared for a bird flu pandemic, according to a new study being presented today by researchers at Saint Louis University.

Aquaculture Accolades
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School offshore aquaculture program has been recognized with two grants totaling $550,000 from NOAA's National Marine Aquaculture Initiative 2006 with an expected total of $1 million over two years, pending congressional appropriations.

Uniform tungsten trimers stand and deliver
Researchers from the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the University of Texas-Austin and Washington State University have developed a new model system that may offer a platform for fundamental reactivity studies of metal oxides used as catalysts in converting hydrocarbons into fuels and value-added chemicals.

Symposium 'Environmental Change in Siberia -- Insights From Earth Observation and Modeling'
The Climate and Land Surface Systems Interaction Centre at the University of Leicester is hosting an international scientific Symposium on

Calorie restriction in non-human primates may prevent and reduce Alzheimer's disease neuropathology
A new study directed by Mount Sinai School of Medicine extends and strengthens the research that experimental dietary regimens might halt or even reverse symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease (AD).

Prozac exposure found to disrupt mussel reproduction
Researchers NIST and North Carolina State University have demonstrated that a commonly prescribed antidepressant can interfere with the reproductive cycle of freshwater mussels - at least in a controlled setting.

Patients can report statins' adverse effects on new web site
A new web site at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine will enable people from around the world to self-report adverse effects of statin drug use, or use of other cholesterol drugs.

New study pinpoints unique genetic susceptibility for viral encephalitis
Working in close collaboration with a group of French researchers, scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have helped uncover a unique genetic immunodeficiency that leaves patients vulnerable to herpes simplex encephalitis, a rare yet devastating infection of the brain that affects a small minority of people infected with a common virus.

Upgrading donor lung quality to improve availability
By performing simple clinical maneuvers to improve donor lung quality as part of the San Antonio Lung Transplant protocol, researchers significantly increased the number of available donor lung and transplant procedures without compromising recipient pulmonary function, length of hospital stay or survival.

Northwestern biologists demote Southeast Asia's 'forest ox'
Recognized as a new species in 1937, the kouprey, an ox that is an icon of Southeast Asian conservation, is feared extinct.

Study identifies potential new marker for heart failure diagnosis, prognosis
A collaborative study by researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and the University Hospital of Maastricht, the Netherlands, has identified a new candidate biomarker for heart failure with the potential of further improving the challenging task of diagnosing and predicting outcomes for patients with symptoms of heart failure.

Survey of biomedical funders shows widespread support for open access
BioMed Central today released the results of its international survey of 75 biomedical funders on their policies regarding open access to the results of research.

Sage's Crime, Media, Culture scoops international award for Best New Journal
Research into the some of the most controversial issues facing society today, such as terrorism and the culture of fear, pedophiles in the community and binge drinking, combined with bold design and high production values, have won SAGE journal Crime, Media, Culture the prestigious Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers/Charlesworth Award for Best New Journal.

Potential diagnostic marker indicates effectiveness of anti-angiogenic drugs
If an anti-angiogenic drug is successfully starving a cancer patient's tumor to death, the number of endothelial cells circulating in the individual's bloodstream will decrease, thus providing a potential biomarker for gauging the medication's effectiveness, according to National Cancer Institute research.

UCLA neuroscience research leads to a possible treatment for type 1 diabetes
For the more than one million Americans with type 1 diabetes and the 35,000 children newly afflicted with the disease each year, a new vaccine tested in a human clinical trial holds a great deal of promise.

Newly discovered behavior in cancer cells signals dangerous metastasis
The most aggressively malignant cancer cells have a

Work-family conflict common among registered nurses, study shows
In a national survey of registered nurses, half reported chronic interference of work with their home lives, such as being unable to spend the time they wanted with their families, according to researchers from Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues.
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