Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 22, 2006
ESA's microsatellite playing major role in scientific studies
ESA's smallest Earth Observation satellite, Proba, is making big contributions to science with applications ranging from environmental monitoring, agriculture, forest, land use, crop forecasting, marine and coastal science, as well as biological soil crusts and solid waste landfill monitoring.

New device tests uncertainty principle with new precision
Keith Schwab, Cornell associate professor of physics, has created a device that approaches the quantum mechanical limit with the greatest precision ever relative to its size.

Roger Kornberg to present Dickson Prize lecture at U of Pittsburgh's SCIENCE2006: Feel the Power
Roger D. Kornberg, Ph.D., a scientist known for his investigation of the transcription of genes into proteins, will present this year's Dickson Prize in Medicine Lecture at the University of Pittsburgh's Science2006: Feel the Power.

Researchers use multiphoton microscopy to watch chromosomes in action
Feverish fruit fly larvae, warmed in a toasty lab chamber, are giving Cornell researchers a way to watch chromosomes in action and actually see how genes are expressed in living tissue.

Disease of older adults now seen in young, obese adults
Acute diverticulitis, a disease traditionally seen in patients older than 50 years old, is now being seen in younger adults who are obese, according to a study conducted by the University of Maryland Medical Center's department of radiology in Baltimore, Md.

Ancient birds flew on all-fours
The earliest known ancestor of modern-day birds took to the skies by gliding from trees using primitive feathered wings on their arms and legs, according to new research by a University of Calgary paleontologist.

Hubble finds hundreds of young galaxies in the early universe
Astronomers analysing two of the deepest views of the cosmos made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered a gold mine of galaxies, more than 500, that existed less than a thousand million years after the Big Bang.

Report says cardiologists need guidelines for diagnosing, treating depression
Cardiologists know that treating depression likely will benefit patients complaining of cardiovascular problems, but lack the guidance to properly diagnose or recommend treatment for depression, according to a report out today from a National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Working Group.

Household levels of mold following Hurricane Katrina surpass some agricultural environments
In a study assessing flood clean-up procedures in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina, a team of scientists led by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, report that household levels of mold and bacterial endotoxins in three single-family homes were so considerable that they equaled or surpassed those in waste-water treatment plants, cotton mills and agricultural environments.

Senior academic officers oppose 'public access' legislation
Academic officers from 10 institutions, which together invest nearly $3 billion in research annually, wrote to Sens.

All intravascular devices pose risk of bloodstream infection to patients, study finds
All types of intravascular devices pose a risk of bloodstream infection to exposed hospitalized adult patients, finds a study published in the September issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Study by LIJ obstetrician confirms taller women are more likely to have twins
A new study published in the September issue of the Journal of Reproductive Medicine by Gary Steinman, M.D., Ph.D.

Risk factors linked to pain after breast cancer surgery
A woman's young age, extensive surgery and whether she suffered severe, post-operative pain are risk factors for developing chronic pain after breast cancer surgery, a University of Rochester study found.

For super-obese patients, duodenal switch beats gastric bypass
Researchers report that a newer operation, the duodenal switch, produced substantially better weight loss in super-obese patients (BMI greater than 50) than gastric bypass, the standard operation.

Crickets on Hawaiian Island develop silent wings in response to parasitic attack
In only a few generations, the male cricket on Kauai underwent a mutation that rendered it incapable of using song, its sexual signal, to attract female crickets, according to a new study led by UC Riverside's Marlene Zuk, a professor of biology.

DFG receives 261 draft proposals for the second round of the Excellence Initiative
Commitment of universities in the competition for funding remains undiminished.

Sorting facts and opinions for homeland security
A research program by a Cornell computer scientist, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh and University of Utah, aims to teach computers to scan through text and sort opinion from fact.

St. Jude finds clues to hearing loss from chemotherapy
Children with cancer who suffer hearing loss due to the toxic effects of chemotherapy might one day be able to get their hearing back through pharmacological and gene therapy, thanks to work done with mouse models at St.

Dobbs to give plenary keynote at Drug Information Association conference in Philadelphia, Sept. 26
Dr. Joel H. Dobbs, executive-in-residence and program director, Pharmaceutical Management, at Stevens Institute of Technology's Howe School, will deliver the plenary keynote address,

HydroGlobe patent wins Thomas Alva Edison Award
A patent from HydroGlobe, a Technogenesis environmental technology company incubated at Stevens Institute of Technology, has won the Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award for Technology Transfer.

'The next generation of IS pros: Where will they come from?' Stevens workshop, October 4
Where will the next generation of information systems professionals come from, and how can they maintain a competitive edge?

Minister Lunn to speak at 10th National Forest Congress
On Monday, September 25, 2006, the Honorable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources Canada, will speak at the 10th National Forest Congress.

American Academy of Family Physicians Scientific Assembly to convene in Washington, D.C.
Sponsored by the American Academy of Family Physicians, this annual, five-day meeting is the premier research and educational event for family physicians, featuring more than 300 educational courses, workshops and lectures on a variety of clinical and practice management topics.

$36.4 billion a year: Cost of HIV/AIDS highlights racial and ethnic disparities
The economic cost of HIV/AIDS is far greater than previously estimated, and the cost is even higher for minorities, according to a new study that estimated the direct and indirect costs of the disease.
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