Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 26, 2006
IARC scientists document warm water surging into Arctic
Scientists at the University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center this fall documented that recent surges of warm water from the North Atlantic Ocean continue to pulse into the Arctic Ocean and are moving toward Alaska and the Canadian Basin.

EO service industry maps out its future
More than 120 representatives of the European and Canadian EO value-adding sector took part in the

OREXIGEN reports positive 24-week results for Contrave phase III obesity treatment study
Novel approach to obesity: Orexigen therapeutics reports positive 24-week results for Contrave phase III obesity treatment study -- rationally designed combination of CNS drugs achieves greater weight loss than placebo with no indication of reaching a plateau.

UNH space scientists to build sensor for next-generation weather satellites
With an award in excess of $10 million, scientists from the University of New Hampshire's Space Science Center have been selected to build an instrument for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's third-generation weather satellites under the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Program.

NASA technology captures massive hurricane waves
NASA research is helping to increase knowledge about the behavior of hurricane waves.

You can't scare people into getting fit or going green
New research published today by the Economic and Social Research Council shows that positive, informative strategies which help people set specific health and environmental goals are far more effective when it comes to encouraging behavior change than negatives strategies which employ messages of fear, guilt or regret.

Program to train corporate directors on climate change
Yale University, along with two other leading U.S. organizations, has announced a unique collaborative effort to educate hundreds of independent corporate board members about the potential liabilities and strategic business opportunities that global climate change can create for companies.

Use of antibiotic to treat infectious eye disease trachoma may increase risk for reinfection
Use of the antibiotic azithromycin to treat trachoma in Vietnam resulted in an increase in the risk of reinfections, according to a study in the Sept.

55,000 tiny Thomas Jeffersons show power of new method
Northwestern University researchers have developed a 55,000-pen, two-dimensional array that allows them to simultaneously create 55,000 identical patterns drawn with tiny dots of molecular ink on substrates of gold or glass.

Mars Express successfully powers through eclipse season
The Mars Express spacecraft has emerged from an unusually demanding eclipse season introducing a special, ultra-low-power mode nicknamed

HIV measurement appears to be less reliable than thought in predicting loss of CD4 cells
Preliminary research indicates that the initial HIV RNA level in untreated HIV-infected patients appears to have little value in predicting the rate of CD4 cell count decrease, potentially limiting its clinical value concerning the decision of when to begin antiretroviral therapy for an individual, according to a study in the Sept.

Prediction models help identify increased risk of gene mutation linked with colorectal cancer
Prediction models that incorporate certain personal and family medical history characteristics can help identify high-risk patients who are likely to have a gene mutation associated with a type of colorectal cancer, according to two studies in the Sept.

Dr. M. Ray Thomasson to receive the 2006 William B. Heroy Jr. Award for Distinguished Service to AGI
The American Geological Institute (AGI) announces Dr. M. Ray Thomasson as the 2006 William B.

Computer-aided detection could help breast cancer screening
A novel approach to reading mammograms with the help of a computer could free up hundreds of medical man-hours, as well as speeding up the breast screening process.

Meteorites record past solar activity
Ilya Usoskin (Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, Finland) and his colleagues have investigated the solar activity over the past centuries.

New study finds a positive association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease
Researchers found an increased risk of coronary heart disease for people below the age of 60 who have more than four millimeters of alveolar bone loss (the bone that holds the teeth in the mouth) from periodontal disease, according to a new study that is printed in the Journal of Periodontology.

Controlling behavior of children with tourette and tic disorders
A pilot study conducted by Yale School of Nursing and the Yale Child Study Center showed that a program to train parents how to manage the disruptive behavior of children with Tourette syndrome and tic disorders works well.

Study explores 'manic' thinking
This release introduces a link between pace of thinking and manic emotions.

Beauty and the brain
The phrase

Bruno to co-chair 2006 ASBPA National Conference
Michael Bruno, Professor and Director of the Center for Maritime Systems at Stevens Institute of Technology's Davidson Laboratory, will co-chair the American Shore & Beach Preservation Association's 2006 National Conference.

Molecules dress for success
Mechanically interlocked moleculesA team of British and American researchers led by J.

Understanding food nutrition labels challenging for many people
In one of the most rigorous studies ever conducted to determine how well people comprehend the information provided on food nutrition labels, researchers have found that the reading and math skills of a significant number of people may not be sufficient to extract the needed information, according to an article published in the November issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

'Magic formula' accurately predicts fracture risk in osteoporotic women
Researchers have developed a mathematic formula to predict a woman's risk of osteoporotic fracture.

Researchers set benchmarks for screening mammography
A recent study of medical audit data funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) revealed that community mammography screening results surpass performance recommendations across the United States.

Magnet lab wins $11.7-million grant to build next-generation magnet
The National Science Foundation has awarded the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Fla., an $11.7-million grant for construction of an innovative magnet that will have the potential to revolutionize a technique used to learn more about little-understood molecules.

Raising awareness of global drinking water crisis
Kenneth E. Behring of the Global Health and Education Foundation and National Academy of Sciences raise awareness of global drinking water crisis.

Small satellites take center stage at international symposium
More than 150 experts from 77 aerospace companies and research institutes have gathered in Chia Laguna, Sardinia, to discuss the use of small, low-cost satellites, which made headlines earlier this month when ESA's SMART-1 completed its mission with a dive onto the Moon's surface.

Human factors researchers help to avoid runway incursions and errors
Thanks to the work of human factors/ergonomics researchers, major airports around the country will be safer after they implement a new Federal Aviation Administration standard to help prevent runway incursions.

Flemish biotechnology is flourishing
In response to the needs of the growing biotech sector in Flanders, the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) is opening a new bio-incubator in the Technology Park in Zwijnaarde.

AIDS study challenges conventional treatment guidelines for HIV patients
A newly published study in JAMA by investigators at the Center for AIDS Research at Case Medical Center, led by Benigno Rodríguez, MD, along with a nationwide team of AIDS/HIV experts, strongly challenges conventional thinking about the role of measurements of the amount of HIV particles in the blood as a method of predicting a patient's ability to fight off the disease.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles will be featured in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: Proton inactivation of choline transporters; MMP-2 and wound healing; Modulation of VPM thalamic units by the locus ceruleus; and Cytosolic dopamine and synuclein aggregation.

Astronomers discover two new planets, both among the hottest ever
Astronomers have discovered two new planets outside our solar system, both extremely close to their stars and thus among the hottest ever found.

Blazing the Trail receives the IAA Luigi Napolitano Award
Mike Gruntman, professor and chair of astronautics at the University of Southern California, received the Luigi Napolitano Award (2006) from the International Academy of Astronautics for his book,

Solar flares could seriously disrupt GPS receivers
A minor solar flare in September 2005 produced a noticeable degradation of all GPS signals on the day side of the Earth.

Economic crisis, civil war and tsunami no problem if reefs well managed
A tsunami's impact on a coral reef is slight compared to the devastation wreaked by human use of explosives and poison, latest research from the coast of Aceh in Indonesia has disclosed.

Mind the gap: Space scientists uncover causes of gap in Van Allen belts
A team of British and U.S. scientists have discovered that the gap in the Van Allen radiation belts is formed by natural wave turbulence in space, not by lightning.

Iowa State researchers helping to take the natural gas out of ethanol production
Iowa State University researchers are working with an Iowa company to replace the natural gas burned to make ethanol with a renewable gas made from biomass.

September/October Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet provides summaries of research studies published in the September/October issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Web tool helps gauge risk of having genetic mutation linked to colon cancer
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Faber Cancer Institute have developed an online questionnaire to help physicians determine whether patients at risk for colon cancer are likely to carry mutations in two genes linked to the most common hereditary form of the disease.

Solvent exposure linked to birth defects in babies of male painters
Men who paint for a living may be placing their unborn children at increased risk of birth defects and low birth weight.

Elevated testosterone kills nerve cells
A Yale School of Medicine study shows for the first time that a high level of testosterone, such as that caused by the use of steroids to increase muscle mass or for replacement therapy, can lead to a catastrophic loss of brain cells.

Safer suntans through science
An organic compound that creates a realistic beachy glow while inducing a natural sun block effect in your skin may be just around the corner, as scientists at the University of Kentucky are testing a treatment that enhances melanin production in animal models.

Model predicts colon cancer inheritable genetic defects
A new prediction model for genetic defects known as Lynch syndrome, which predisposes families to develop colorectal cancer, was created by researchers from the Johns Hopkins University and other institutions.

Springer to publish Revue de synthèse as of 2007
Springer will publish Revue de synthèse on behalf of the Foundation

World's largest scientific Grid sustains a million jobs per month
A milestone for scientific Grid computing was announced today at the launch of EGEE'06, a major conference on scientific Grids hosted by CERN and held in Geneva this week.

Mathematical tools for predicting facial surgery results
In their article

MIT's intelligent aircraft fly, cooperate autonomously
The US military depends on small, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to perform such tasks as serving as

LANL/NIST team sends quantum encryption 'keys' over record distances
Using an innovative sensor for detecting single photons, the smallest particles of light, scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and Albion College have set two significant distance records for distributing

Microscopic brain damage detected in early Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have developed a new computer-aided analysis technique to identify early cellular damage in Alzheimer's disease (AD).
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