Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2006
Rheumatoid arthritis and sex differences
To thoroughly investigate sex differences in RA, a team of researchers turned to families with a history of the disease among both their female and male members.

Loma Linda University research confirms antioxidant-rich pecans protect against unhealthy oxidation
A new research study from Loma Linda University shows that adding just a handful of pecans to your diet each day may inhibit unwanted oxidation of blood lipids, thus helping reduce the risk of heart disease.

Entanglement unties a tough quantum computing problem
Error correction coding is a fundamental process that underlies all of information science, but the task of adapting classical codes to quantum computing has long bumped up against what seemed to be a fundamental limitation.

Winds trigger increases in ozone destroying gases in upper stratosphere
A surprising new University of Colorado at Boulder study indicates winds circling high above the far Northern Hemisphere have a much greater impact on upper stratospheric ozone levels than scientists had thought.

Improbable 'buckyegg' hatched
An egg-shaped fullerene, or

Criminalizing HIV transmission is a threat to public health, say experts
Experts in this week's BMJ express serious concerns about the public health impact of criminalizing HIV transmission.

Heart Rhythm Society publishes final recommendations for heart patients
The Heart Rhythm Society today issued final recommendations to provide heart patients with clearer, timelier and more consistent information about the recall process and the performance of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs).

Early results indicate radiofreqency ablation useful in treating ovarian cancer metastasis
Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation, a procedure that uses a high frequency electric current to kill tumor cells, is effective in achieving local control in selected patients with metastasis from ovarian cancer, according to a preliminary study conducted by the department of radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Mass.

Urgent and sustain action needed to prevent obstetric fistula
The author of a review in this week's issue of the Lancet is calling for a devastating complication of pregnancy -- obstetric fistula -- to be moved up the list of international health-care priorities.

Genetic links to schizophrenia focus of international study
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded Roel A.

Kluessendorf to be presented with AGI award
The American Geological Institute (AGI) will be presenting Dr. Joanne Kluessendorf the 2006 Award for Outstanding Contribution to Public Understanding of the Geosciences.

Leptin has powerful effect on reward center in the brain
Leptin, a hormone critical for normal food intake and metabolism, exerts a strong effect on appetite by acting in the mid-brain region as well as in the hypothalamus, according to a Yale School of Medicine study in Neuron.

The CNT-DNA wrap: A hefty hybrid for carbon nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes show promise in medicine, science and engineering, but their tendency to clump together poses an obstacle.

New study reports on attacks against US abortion clinics
Crime and violence against abortion clinics are no longer in the headlines, but that doesn't mean they no longer happen.

Cancer drug may be remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, Stanford study finds
The potent cancer drug Gleevec, used to combat leukemia and some gastrointestinal cancers, may be useful in treating rheumatoid arthritis, according to a team of researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Minister Lunn speaks about mining and exploration in British Columbia
On Friday, Sept. 29, 2006, the Honorable Gary Lunn, minister of Natural Resources Canada, will address members of the association for Mineral Exploration British Columbia as part of its breakfast series.

Texas dropout conference will bring national researchers to Rice University
National researchers will share data on the high school dropout problem during an October 6 meeting titled

Mothers who gain weight between pregnancies may experience pregnancy complications
Weight gain between pregnancies may lead to complications during pregnancy and the delivery period, according to a study published in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Mouse study reveals new clues about virulence of 1918 influenza virus
The first comprehensive analysis of an animal's immune response to the 1918 influenza virus provides new insights into the killer flu, report federally supported scientists in an article appearing in the journal Nature.

The 'Vicious Triangle' affecting productivity in our public services
Two social researchers will have a strong message for policymakers next week, when they present the findings of their research at a conference in Westminster.

Depressed stroke patients often not treated for depression
Despite a high rate of depression, few stroke survivors take antidepressants, according to a study in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Tibotec Therapeutics announces start of largest US study on HIV treatment in women
Tibotec Therapeutics Clinical Affairs, a division of Ortho Biotech Clinical Affairs, LLC, announced today the initiation of the largest clinical study conducted to date in treatment-experienced adult women with HIV to evaluate gender differences in response to an HIV medication.

Predictors of undergoing joint replacement surgery among patients with severe osteoarthritis
Why do some arthritis sufferers agree to undergo TJA and others resist it?

Ecology center awarded $21-million by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation has renewed and increased funding for the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, which is based at UC-Santa Barbara.

Psychologist increases preschooler compliance in study
Parents and teachers can dramatically increase the compliance of preschool children who don't obey -- and head off serious behavior problems down the road -- by closely following a little-known, three-step

UF study: Live oak trees struggle for survival in growth areas
The majestic live oak is losing its battle for survival to suburban sprawl and the encroachment of taller trees, a new University of Florida study finds.

High-resolution CT accurately diagnoses shin splints
High resolution CT can accurately show medial tibial stress syndrome, better known as shin splints, in distance runners according, to a study conducted at the University of Messina in Messina, Italy.

Scientists use gene signatures to match cancer and other diseases with potentially effective drugs
In one of the most ambitious spinoffs of the human genome project, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Children's Hospital Boston, the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, and other collaborating centers have unveiled a new, systematic approach to drug discovery that matches diseases with potential treatments using a universal language based on cells' distinctive gene activity profiles, or

Watching how planets form
With the VISIR instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have mapped the disc around a star more massive than the sun.

New angiogenesis finding may help fight cancer growth
A researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health has discovered a new part of the complicated mechanism that governs the formation of blood vessels, or angiogenesis.

Twins have similar school performance to single-born children
Twins have similar academic performance to single-born children, finds a large Danish study published online by the BMJ today.

Springer debuts Journal of Robotic Surgery
Springer, one of the world's leading science, technology and medicine publishers, is launching the Journal of Robotic Surgery.

AACR CEO Margaret Foti receives cancer service award
American Association for Cancer Research Chief Executive Officer Margaret Foti, Ph.D., M.D., will receive the Association of American Cancer Institutes Distinguished Service Award for her outstanding contributions to progress in cancer research.

Studying membranes at the nanoscale
The composition of lipid membranes, similar to those that surround living cells, can now be mapped at the nanometer scale.

Ethnic disparities in Medicare claims?
Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screening tests vary depending on whether the estimates are based on Medicare claims records or on patient self-reports.

Chemical genomic screening identifies novel therapeutic strategies for cancer
A sophisticated new chemical genetic screening strategy that serves as a tool for identifying anticancer compounds may significantly enhance the drug discovery process.

Waiting for trial results sometimes unethical
Waiting for the results of randomized trials of public health interventions can cost hundreds of lives, especially in poor countries.

American Chemical Society calls green chemistry bill a 'smart step'
The American Chemical Society (ACS) today praised House passage of legislation that will improve federal coordination, dissemination and investment in green chemistry research and development (R&D).

Peter Deuflhard awarded the ICIAM Maxwell Prize 2007
Springer author Peter Deuflhard has been awarded the International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Maxwell Prize.

Montessori education provides better outcomes than traditional methods, study indicates
A study comparing outcomes of children at a public inner-city Montessori school with children who attended traditional schools indicates that Montessori education leads to children with better social and academic skills.

NHGRI funds assessment of public attitudes about population-based studies on genes and environment
The National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced it has awarded $2 million to the Genetics and Public Policy Center of the Berman Bioethics Institute at Johns Hopkins University to conduct a public discussion about future potential large U.S. population-based studies examining the roles of genes and environment in human health.

Science of Learning Center comes to UC San Diego
A better understanding of how humans learn could lead to improved teaching techniques and, along the way, alter the trajectories of countless human lives.

Parasitic plants sniff out hosts
Parasitic plants do not haphazardly flail about looking for a host but sense volatile chemicals produced by other plants and identify potential hosts by their emissions, according to a team of Penn State chemical ecologists.

Genetic 'roadmap' charts links between drugs and human disease
A research team led by scientists at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard developed a new kind of genetic

'The Pathological Export Boom and the Bazaar Effect': How to solve the German puzzle
Germany is the world champion in merchandise exports and yet the country suffers from mass unemployment and stagnation.

Gene transfer using mutant form of good cholesterol cuts vascular plaque and inflammation
Transfer of a gene that produces a mutant form of good cholesterol provides significantly better anti-plaque and anti-inflammation benefits than therapy using the

NEC's Sasaki to deliver distinguished Sheffield lecture at Yale Engineering
Hajime Sasaki, Chairman of the Board of NEC Corporation, will deliver the Distinguished Sheffield Fellowship Address,

Study shows internet to be resilient against terror attack
Researchers have simulated what would happen to Internet reliability in the United States if terrorists were able to knock out various physical components of the network.

Scientists use an 'ice lolly' to find polar bacteria in their own backyard
To study the bacteria which survive in extreme cold, scientists no longer have to go to extreme environments, such as Antarctic lakes and glaciers.

Researchers show maps can be powerful tools in fighting poverty
To increase awareness and promote usage of geographic information system applications in development strategies, the Center for International Earth Science Information Network and the World Bank have produced

With record resolution and sensitivity, tool images how life organizes in a cell membrane
What's the difference between a lifeless sack of chemicals and a living cell?

Steroid injections do not provide long-term relief from tennis elbow
Physiotherapy or a

AZoNano/NanoVic release podcast of Nanotech -- A review with an Australian perspective
Marking a major milestone in the delivery of Nanotechnology related information, AZoNetwork and Nanotechnology Victoria today announced the official release of the first in a series of Nanotechnology Reviews in a podcast format.

Alberto Bressan awarded Antonio Feltrinelli Prize
Alberto Bressan, distinguished professor of Mathematics, has been selected to receive the Antonio Feltrinelli Prize in mathematics, mechanics, and applications, which will be awarded in Rome later this fall by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.

Digital tags provide evidence that narwhals may produce signature vocalizations for communications
Scientists have found preliminary evidence that narwhals, Arctic whales whose spiraled tusks gave rise to the myth of the unicorn, produce signature vocalizations that may facilitate individual recognition or their reunion with more distant group members.

As ozone hole approaches annual peak, NASA scientists reveal latest information and images
As the Antarctic ozone hole approaches its annual peak, NASA scientists are using the latest tools to determine what effect the ban on CFCs and related chemicals has had and how long we will have to wait for a full ozone layer recovery.

Gaining weight between pregnancies could lead to pregnancy complications
A new, large-scale study from researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, found that an increase in body mass index between first and second pregnancies was associated with adverse outcomes.

IU, Purdue selected for major NCI biomarker tools initiative
A team of scientists from Indiana and Purdue universities will assess and develop the next generation of tools to improve biomarker discovery.

Chronic diseases and injuries now number one killer in rural India
Cardiovascular disease is now a leading cause of death in rural India, according to new research published by the George Institute for International Health and the University of Queensland.
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