Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2006
Method could help carbon nanotubes become commercially viable
Carbon nanotubes are intriguing new materials, but a fundamental problem relating to their synthesis has limited their widespread commercial use.

Overweight children at increased risk for adult cardiovascular diseases
Research published today in Journal of the CardioMetabolic Syndrome (JCMS) presents data supporting that adult diseases, such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea are now recognizable in childhood.

ESA's Planck satellite builds on Nobel Prize-winning science
The 2006 Nobel Prize for physics has been awarded to Americans John C.

Supernova radioisotopes show sun was born in star cluster, scientists say
The death of a massive nearby star billions of years ago offers evidence the sun was born in a star cluster, say astronomers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Rising temperatures will lead to loss of trout habitat in the southern Appalachians
USDA Forest Service research projects that between 53 and 97 percent of natural trout populations in the southern Appalachians could disappear due to the warmer temperatures predicted under two different global climate circulation models.

Can further studies lower the cost of preserving vision?
The results of two large, randomized clinical trials published Oct.

Comments, experts and background on the 2006 Nobel Prize in chemistry
Comments, background and sources who can discuss the science and significance of the research that led to this year's awarding of the Nobel Prize in chemistry are available from the American Chemical Society.

'Protecting virus' offers instant flu protection and converts flu infections into their own vaccines
Research led by Professor Nigel Dimmock at the University of Warwick is developing an entirely new method of protecting against flu.

NHGRI aims to make DNA sequencing faster, more cost effective
The National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced the latest round of grant awards totaling more than $13 million to speed the development of innovative sequencing technologies that reduce the cost of DNA sequencing and expand the use of genomics in medical research and health care.

Marie-Antoinette: The French revelation
The celebrated love-life of Marie-Antoinette did not spark the French revolution, according to a new book on scandalous pamphleteers in which historian Simon Burrows takes issue with scholarship and mythology surrounding the tragic Queen.

Columbia University awards 2006 Horwitz Prize to biologist who explained gene transcription
Columbia University will award the 2006 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize to structural biologist Roger D.

Worms under stress
Species respond far more dynamically to disturbances in their environment than we think.

EURYI to showcase the future of European science in Prague
The brightest and most creative minds from the European research scene will come together on one night in Prague to receive recognition for their pioneering works ranging from voice recognition applications to the world's smallest in vivo biofuel cell.

Feminist view of the body
We do not just have bodies, we are bodies. Dutch researcher Silvia Stoller used this proposition from phenomenology as a basis for studying the theories of three influential feminist philosophies.

Ultrafast star escapes black hole
At last astronomers have a method to accurately measure the speed of stars within a galaxy containing a black hole.

A valuable fly for research into disease
World experts meet at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine in Barcelona on Oct.

Columbia University Medical Center receives major new NIH Clinical Science 'investment' funds
The NIH announced today that Columbia University Medical Center is a recipient of its new Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA), an initiative that will transform how clinical and translational research is conducted nationally.

Study sheds light on how young adult children of immigrants assimilate
While the vast majority of young adult children of immigrants experience upward economic and social mobility, a new study finds that a significant minority are suffering from lower levels of education, lower incomes, higher birth rates and higher levels of incarceration.

Jefferson Orthopaedic surgeons leading international study of timing of spinal surgery
An international, multicenter trial is attempting to answer a controversial question: Should surgeons operate immediately, within hours of the severe spinal injury, to try to limit the damage to the spinal cord and surrounding tissues, as many surgeons believe?

Nicotine receptors on kidneys may speed kidney damage
Scientists say they have found nicotine receptors on kidney cells that may link nicotine to accelerated kidney damage in cigarette smokers.

U of I study: Parent's conversational style contributes to child's security
Parents who use a particular conversational style with their children -- drawing them out to elicit detailed memories about past shared events and to talk about emotions -- contribute to the child's secure attachment, sense of self-worth and eventual social competence, says a new University of Illinois study published in a September special edition of Attachment and Human Development.

Continued warming of the Arctic Ocean
Several days ago, the

Winning the oil endgame in America to be discussed at NJIT forum
America's energy future is choice, not fate, and U.S. dependence on oil can be eliminated with proven technologies that create wealth and strengthen security.

Biophysical Society awards Quhuan Li a visiting student travel grant
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce that Quhuan Li, a graduate student at Sun Yat-sen University in China, has been selected to receive an International Visiting Graduate Student Travel Award.

Remains of St. Louis founder's home believed to have been located
Archaeologists believe they have found the Illinois home of the founder of St.

Researchers link Ice Age climate-change records to ocean salinity
Sudden decreases in temperature over Greenland and tropical rainfall patterns during the last Ice Age have been linked for the first time to rapid changes in the salinity of the north Atlantic Ocean, according to research published Oct.

NSF awards Harvard Forest $4.9 million to study landscape change
The National Science Foundation has awarded Harvard University's Harvard Forest $4.9 million to study drivers, dynamics and consequences of landscape change in New England.

New study finds chocolate chip cookies lower cholesterol
Right Direction Chocolate Chip Cookies lower cholesterol and improve lipid subfraction profile, lowering the risk of heart disease, according to a published study in the Journal of Nutrition (October).

Hail to the hornworts: New plant family tree sheds light on evolution of life cycles
In the history of life on earth, one intriguing mystery is how plants made the transition from water to land and then went on to diversify into the array of vegetation we see today, from simple mosses and liverworts to towering redwoods.

Discovery in the evolution of the immune system absorbing cells
The UAB has taken part in a research project that has just made a discovery that questions one of the paradigms of vertebrate immunology: that phagocytosis (the ability to

Elsevier announces the winner of the first Ahmed Zewail Prize in Molecular Sciences
The chief editors of the leading international journal Chemical Physics Letters are pleased to announce that the first Ahmed Zewail Prize in Molecular Sciences has been awarded to Professor David Buckingham from Cambridge University, UK, for his pioneering contributions to the understanding of optical, electric and magnetic properties of molecules.

Fantastic Voyage: A new nanoscale view of the biological world
Echoing the journey through the human body in

UTSA awarded $3.1 million for cyber-security program development
The Department of Homeland Security has awarded the University of Texas at San Antonio $3.1 million to support state and community efforts in establishing cyber-security training and development programs.

Winning the oil endgame in America to be discussed at NJIT forum
America's energy future is choice, not fate, and U.S. dependence on oil can be eliminated with proven technologies that create wealth and strengthen security.

Sequencing of the oyster mushroom genome
Professor of Microbiology at the Public University of Navarre, Antonio Gerardo Pisabarro de Lucas, is leading an international project to sequence the genome of the oyster mushroom.

Social work expert authors vital handbook for mental health professionals
They're on the front lines of treatment, but they're not prescribing the medications.

Increasing the odds of the sweep
Using ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have confirmed the extrasolar planet status of two of the 16 candidates discovered by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope.

Tibetan refugees face human rights abuses: Study
Evidence of severe physical and mental hardships among Tibetan refugees.

Award winning research offers hope for back pain sufferers
A University of Manchester engineering student has scooped a top industry prize for research that could bring relief to thousands of back pain sufferers.

UD scientists use carbon nanotube networks to detect defects in composites
University of Delaware researchers have discovered a means to detect and identify damage within advanced composite materials by using a network of tiny carbon nanotubes, which act in much the same manner as human nerves.

Scientists show drug can counteract muscular dystrophy in mice
Scientists at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases and other institutions have demonstrated for the first time that a single drug can rebuild damaged muscle in two strains of mice that develop diseases comparable to two human forms of muscular dystrophy.

Medical experts launch global campaign against salt
One hundred ninety-four medical experts from 48 countries around the world have today joined together to launch a new global organization, WASH -- World Action on Salt and Health -- in a concerted effort to reduce dietary salt intake to less than 5g per day per adult (the WHO target), in order to lower blood pressure globally.

Study shows six-injection allergy vaccine tames hay fever for at least 2 years
The results of an Immune Tolerance Network (ITN) study, published in the October 5, 2006, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine suggest that a six-week experimental allergy treatment can relieve hay fever symptoms for at least two years.

New allergy vaccine provides long-lasting hay fever relief after just 6 weeks of shots
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have successfully used an experimental DNA-based vaccine to protect against ragweed allergies, commonly known as hay fever, after just six injections.

Virtually essential: Why voluntary and community groups must embrace the Internet
Ignoring the Internet is no longer an option for voluntary and community organizations, according to a new booklet

Black tea soothes away stress
Daily cups of tea can help you recover more quickly from the stresses of everyday life, according to a new study by UCL (University College London) researchers.

First-ever CANADA-HOPE Scholarships awarded
CIHR and sanofi-aventis Canada Inc. today announced the first three recipients of a CANADA-HOPE Scholarship.

Breakthrough by MUHC researcher has major implications
A new study has identified the gene most often responsible for leber congenital amaurosis, the commonest form of congenital blindness.

DNA highly promising predictor for successful treatment of alcoholics
According to Dutch researcher Wendy Ooteman, the biological and genetic characteristics of alcoholics can predict which drugs will best suppress the desire to drink.

Experimental ragweed therapy offers allergy sufferers longer relief with fewer shots
Americans accustomed to the seasonal misery of sneezing, runny noses and itchy, watery eyes caused by ragweed pollen might one day benefit from an experimental allergy treatment that not only requires fewer injections than standard immunotherapy, but leads to a marked reduction in symptoms that persists for at least a year after therapy has stopped, according to a new study in the Oct.

EMBO honors triple talents of UK scientist, author, broadcaster
UK scientist, author and broadcaster Armand Marie Leroi is the 2006 winner of the EMBO Award for Communication in the Life Sciences.

Study suggests earlier crop plantings could curb future yields
In an ongoing bid to grow more corn, farmers in the U.S.

'Failed' experiment yields a biocontrol agent that doesn't trigger antibiotic resistance
A failed experiment turned out to be anything but for bacteriologist Marcin Filutowicz.

Tufts launches university-wide center to enhance learning and teaching
Tufts University has launched the Center for the Enhancement of Learning and Teaching, a university-wide program designed to strengthen the teaching and assessment of all students.

Identifying the 'nuclear' in nuclear medicine as high benefit
Say the word

New drug blocks influenza, including bird flu virus
Opening a new front in the war against flu, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have reported the discovery of a novel compound that confers broad protection against influenza viruses, including deadly avian influenza.

Ice Age North Atlantic temperatures, tropical oceans linked
Sudden shifts in temperature over Greenland and tropical rainfall patterns during the last ice age have been linked for the first time to rapid changes in the salinity of the north Atlantic Ocean.

Alaskans feel the heat of global warming
A new study finds that most Alaskans believe global warming is happening and is a serious threat to the state.

Improved child care prevents increase in number of problem pupils
More money, improved teacher training and a change to the indicator scheme.
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