Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 13, 2006
InHealth awards two research grants to Stanford University
The Institute for Health Technology Studies has awarded one-year research grants to two teams at Stanford University.

Duke researchers find physician resistance hinders diabetics use of cutting edge technology
Diabetic patients who use newer technologies such as insulin pumps and blood glucose monitoring devices are better able to manage their disease and adhere to treatment regimens, with less daily pain, than with conventional treatments, according to Duke University researchers.

Nerve cell software keeps track of brain change
Brain research will get a boost tomorrow (October 14) as CSIRO launches in the United States its HCA-Vision nerve cell analysis software at Neuroscience 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, the world's largest conference for brain researchers.

Northwestern researchers develop bistable nanoswitch
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been under intense study by scientists all over the world for more than a decade and are being thought of as ideal building blocks for nanoelectromechanical systems.

Software helps doctors calculate heart attack risk
Pioneering computer software is helping doctors to decide how best to treat patients admitted to hospital with suspected heart attacks.

Researchers mimic lotus leaves for self-cleaning PV arrays, non-stick MEMS
Researchers are mimicking one of Nature's best non-stick surfaces to help create more reliable electric transmission systems, photovoltaic arrays that retain their efficiency, MEMS structures unaffected by water and improved biocompatible surfaces able to prevent cells from adhering to implanted medical devices.

Case Western Reserve University licenses methoxyamine to Tracon
Case Western Reserve University's Technology Transfer Office has entered a worldwide exclusive licensing agreement with Tracon Pharmaceuticals of San Diego, Calif., to develop methoxyamine, a new cancer therapeutic that reverses cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy.

Research file on TGN1412 missing essential data before start of trial
Authors of a viewpoint in this week's issue of the Lancet highlight the problems with the phase I first-in-man trial of TGN1412, in which six healthy volunteers developed serious adverse events.

Understanding climate change: Public forum in Philadelphia next week
Philadelphia area residents and media will have a rare opportunity to hear and ask questions of top scientists working on global climate change.

Marine life stirs ocean enough to affect climate, says FSU study
Oceanographers worldwide pay close attention to phytoplankton and with good reason.

More Internet users may be taking phishing bait than thought
A higher-than-expected percentage of Internet users are likely to fall victim to scam artists masquerading as trusted service providers, report researchers at the Indiana University School of Informatics.

UI researchers studying novel therapy for prostate cancer
A team of University of Iowa Health Care researchers has launched an important clinical trial of a novel therapeutic that may eventually lead to new treatments for men diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Mental tests reveal fall risk for older Australians
By 2011 it's projected that Australia will spend more than $600 million annually on health services related to falls in adults aged 65 and older.

A boost for solar cells with photon fusion
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Mainz have developed a process with which longwave light from a normal light source can be converted to shortwave light.

Giant pandas see in color
They may be black and white, but new research at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Zoo Atlanta shows that giant pandas can see in color.

Bell Canada invests $1 million in engineering entrepreneurship at McMaster University
Bell Canada today announced a $1-million investment in McMaster University's Master of Engineering Entrepreneurship and Innovation program over the next five years.

Yale and NFCR launch Research Center for Cancer Drug Design and Discovery
Yale University and the National Foundation for Cancer Research announced the establishment of an NFCR Center for Anti-Cancer Drug Design and Discovery to develop new beta-peptide inhibitors that will play critical roles in the fight against many types of cancer.

NSF awards Pitt $1 million to develop cybersecurity professionals
To protect the global cyberspace community, the National Science Foundation wants to ensure that the pool of qualified information assurance professionals is adequate.

Forsyth scientists find linkages between serotonin reuptake inhibitors and bone mass
Scientists at the Forsyth Institute have found that fluoxetine, a drug used in the treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders, increases bone mass.

New approach to treat malaria in pregnant women in Africa is safe and effective
Giving pregnant women with malaria a drug called amodiaquine is a safe and effective treatment, according to the results of an African trial published in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Detecting microalgae in coastal waters
Dr. Hugh MacIntyre, Senior Marine Scientist at the Dauphin Island Sea Lab, and colleague Richard Cox of Kaitech Inc. have been awarded $270,274 to develop a tool for improved detection of microalgae by the Cooperative Institute for Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology (CICEET).

Researchers discover mechanism that determines when detailed memories are retained
The levels of a chemical released by the brain determine how much detail is retained in memories, according to researchers at UC Irvine.

Arthritis self-management does not reduce pain levels or GP visits
Self-management programs for people with osteoarthritis do not reduce pain, or the number of visits patients make to their GP, a new study reveals today.

Women's Bioethics Project unveils 'The Scientist & the Ethicist' podcast series
In an effort to help the public make sense of an escalating number of news stories about

Concern over new rules on mobile phones in hospitals
Researchers in this week's BMJ raise concerns about new rules on mobile phone use in hospitals.

Over 78 million Asians below the poverty line because of health care payments
Over 78 million more Asians than previously thought are living in extreme poverty because they have had to pay for health care, according to an article in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Research holds promise for herpes vaccine
A study by a Montana State University researcher suggests a new avenue for developing a vaccine against genital herpes and other diseases caused by herpes simplex viruses.

Resistance and genetic sensitivity to sleeping sickness
Human African trypanosomiasis, transmitted by tse-tse fly bite, is a mainly rural disease and is strongly linked to people's living patterns and conditions, proximity to water-courses, in particular.

Complex meteorology at Venus
In its relentless probing of Venus's atmosphere, ESA's Venus Express keeps revealing new details of the Venusian cloud system.

Women scientists' better deal at the University of York
The University of York has won a national accolade for its commitment to women in science.

Controversy-plagued element 118 finally created
Element 118 is now the heaviest element in the periodic table, five years after earlier, fabricated, claims of its production were retracted.

NHS should not encourage commercial blood banking
NHS maternity units should not encourage commercial banking of umbilical cord blood, argues a senior doctor in this week's BMJ.

Malaria: Efficacy of monotherapies in Cameroon
Since the 1980s parasite forms have been appearing that are resistant to the main antimalarial treatments prescribed in the African countries.

Hopkins joins Ugandan researchers to study pediatric AIDS vaccine
Scientists at Makerere University, in Kampala, Uganda, along with scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions worldwide, have begun the first clinical safety trial in Africa of a vaccine to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastfeeding.

ASME nuclear technology forum hosted by Pitt
Key developments in nuclear power technology will be the focus of an American Society of Mechanical Engineers forum hosted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering Oct.

Low doses of anti-depressant may help some women suffering from moderate-to-severe PMS
Some women who experience moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome may benefit from treatment with low doses of anti-depressant medication, according to a new study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University researcher.

A salinity study in the Mobile Delta region
The Mobile Bay Causeway, creating a barrier between the fresher waters of the Delta and the saltier waters of the Gulf of Mexico, may have created persistent low salinity conditions that local conservationists believe have provided refuge for an exotic species of submerged aquatic vegetation, the Eurasian Milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) to survive in during periods when salinity is high throughout this estuary.

Challenge X featured at Natural Resources Canada's Science FunFest
On Sunday, October 15, 2006, Mr. Royal Galipeau, M.P. for Ottawa-Orléans, will be hosting a media luncheon for students of the Challenge X university competition and representatives of General Motors and the U.S.
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