Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 18, 2006
Grape seed extract halts cell cycle, checking growth of colorectal tumors in mice
Chemicals found in grape seeds significantly inhibited growth of colorectal tumors in both cell cultures and in mice, according to researchers who have already demonstrated the extract's anti-cancer effects in other tumor types.

Decisions on the first round of the excellence initiative announced
873 million Euros for top-level academic research.

Research links 'ecstasy' to survival of key movement-related cells in brain
New research from the University of Cincinnati suggests that the widely abused club drug

Three-dimensional, miniature endoscope opens new diagnostic possibilities
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have developed a new type of miniature endoscope that produces three-dimensional, high-definition images, which may greatly expand the application of minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

U of M to help NASA 'follow the sun' -- in stereo
The University of Minnesota-designed and built instruments aboard the twin spacecraft of NASA's STEREO mission -- currently scheduled for launch October 25 from Cape Canaveral, Florida -- will detect waves of energy and charged particles emitted by the sun via processes that may help cause coronal mass ejections, or CMEs.

The NIH adds $4.5 million to UCLA's existing HIV microbicide research grant
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded Dr. Peter Anton, professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, a $4.5-million supplemental grant to expand the Center for HIV Prevention and Research's ongoing efforts to develop microbicides to combat the transmission of HIV.

Embryo project investigates agents of change in science
An ambitious group of historians, philosophers, bioethicists, scientists, lawyers and policy experts from ASU will be taking a detailed look at the history of embryo research in order to understand how society, culture and technology have affected the course of science.

Mammograms reduce breast cancer deaths, but increase overdiagnosis
A new review of studies offers good news and bad news for women faced with the decision about whether to get regular mammograms.

Anesthesia choices for C-section lead to similar outcomes for mom, baby
A new systematic review compared regional and general anesthesia in women undergoing Caesarean section and their respective effects on mom and baby and found little significant difference in major clinical outcomes.

Conference supports minority students to pursue biomedical careers
Approximately 2,000 minority college students will participate next month in a unique meeting designed to encourage and support their pursuit of advanced training and careers in the biomedical and behavioral sciences.

Increased risk of cancer for computer factory workers, large study shows
Workers at computer factories are at increased risk of dying of cancer.

Shorter nightly sleep in childhood may help explain obesity epidemic
Soaring levels of obesity might be linked to children sleeping fewer hours at night than they used to, claims a researcher in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Body's virus fight wins Ph.D. researcher a Victoria Fellowship
Research into how the human body fights viral infections has led to Monash Ph.D. researcher Ms.

Landmark study to define work-life balance across cultures
Australian and international experts will contribute to the development of a practical measure of work-life balance for use by Australian industry and government.

Large subset of learning disabled children can be quickly identified by new diagnostic device
A new, easy-to-use diagnostic tool called BioMAP that can quickly identify a sizable subset of learning disabled children is now commercially available.

21-year Science Circus partnership wins Prime Minister's Award
The partnership that has brought the Shell Questacon Science Circus to thousands of students and families across Australia has been recognized with a Prime Minister's Excellence in Community Business Partnerships Award last night.

Leading scientists gather to discuss developments in infectious disease research
More than 2,000 leading researchers and scientists in the area of infectious and emerging disease are expected to attend the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene to discuss science and issues related to the prevention and treatment of global health threats.

Reporters struggle to cover comas in newspaper articles, Mayo Clinic study finds
Newspaper articles skew coverage of comas by focusing heavily on patients who are more likely to awaken and recover, thus possibly leading the public to believe that coma patients have better odds than they truly do.

Third Annual AERA Brown Lecture in Education Research
AERA Announces the Third Annual Brown Lecture in Education Research:

Earliest fungi may have found multiple solutions to propagation on land, new study infers
In the latest installment of a major international effort to probe the origins of species, a team of scientists has reconstructed the early evolution of fungi, the biological kingdom now believed to be animals' closest relatives.

Molecular mechanism provides intra-cellular traffic signal
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have found that intra-cellular trafficking is tightly coordinated for maximum flow through cellular compartments, much as vehicles on a crowded road are allowed to pass quickly through a succession of green traffic lights.

ICON issues review of nanotechnology practices
The International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON) today issued a comprehensive review of existing efforts to develop

Insight into dopamine role suggests new treatment pathway for Parkinson's
Dopamine (DA) not only functions as a neurotransmitter, a chemical messenger between neurons by which one neuron triggers another, researchers have found.

Why would Cheerios sponsor a NASCAR race?
Why would brands like Sue Bee honey and Cheerios cereal sponsor a NASCAR race?

Feeling ripped off? How dynamic pricing affects perceptions of fairness
Dynamic pricing, in which sellers make frequent adjustments to their prices, has become more feasible as Internet buying increases.

NSF awards $4.5 million to researchers for study of protein folding mechanisms
In an effort to shed new light on what is known as the

For elders, too few drugs are as much a risk as too many
Doctors are as likely to underprescribe medications for elders as they are to overprescribe, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center.

Doctor urges health-care workers to be alert to suicide risk amongst cancer patients
A Canadian oncologist has urged doctors and other health-care professionals to be more aware of the potential risk of suicide among cancer patients and to offer extra support to the most vulnerable and their families.

Cancer stem cells linked to radiation resistance
Certain types of brain cancer cells, called cancer stem cells, help brain tumors to buffer themselves against radiation treatment by activating a

Stanford engineers shed light on the crash of the USS Macon, last of the 'flying aircraft carriers'
The 1935 crash of the Navy zeppelin USS Macon off the California coast marked an inglorious end to a unique experiment in aviation.

The smell of iron
The typical

Long-term ocean data confirm fishing puts species in 'double jeopardy'
For the first time, research has shown that fishing can promote boom and bust swings in supplies of targeted fish stocks.

Go with your gut, especially when shopping
While making purchases based on gut reaction instead of objective criteria might seem foolish, results from a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research suggest that emotional choices often lead to greater satisfaction -- not just for the immediate afterglow of a few hours, but even after we've had time to think it over.

Synchronous neuronal firing may underlie Parkinson's disease
In a finding that contradicts current theories behind Parkinson's disease, neuroscientists at Duke University Medical Center have discovered in mice that critical nerve cells fire all at the same time and thus overwhelm the brain's ability to control the body's movements.

Program aims to make reading easier, more fun, for children in China
What could an English-speaking American reading expert hope to discover from studying how Chinese learn their language?

How brain injury leads to seizures, memory problems
Every 23 seconds, an American suffers a traumatic brain injury.

Color names: More universal than you might think
From Abidji to English to Zapoteco, the perception and naming of color is remarkably consistent in the world's languages.

Visual imagery technique boosts voting, study finds
Registered voters who used a simple visual imagery technique the evening before the 2004 election were significantly more likely to vote the next day, a new study found.

Hospital food could lack nutritional value
Substantial nutrient loss in food occurs in hospital foodservice operations, according to research recently published in the Journal of Foodservice.

The moon's south pole: Very high resolution, radar images find rocks abundant, but no ice sheets
Using the highest resolution radar-signal images ever made of the moon -- images from the National Science Foundation's Arecibo Telescope in Arecibo, P.R., and the NSF's Robert C.

Receptor that enables clear corneas is identified
The cornea stays clear by expressing a soluble form of a receptor that traps factors enabling growth of vision-obstructing blood vessels, researchers say.

NIST physicists boost 'entanglement' of atom pairs
Physicists at NIST have taken a significant step toward transforming entanglement -- an atomic-scale phenomenon described by Albert Einstein as

New book uses ABCs to teach children microbiology
A new children's book from ASM Press uses the familiar genre of the ABC book to introduce readers to the not-so-familiar world of microbes.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This issue includes: Genetic link identified in human and avian E. coli may suggest zoonosis, Newly identified antibody may neutralize inhalation anthrax toxin, and New antibody-based treatment may facilitate mother-to-child antiretroviral immunity.

Popular anti-aging supplement has no beneficial effects, Mayo Clinic study finds
A widely used anti-aging supplement has no effect on aging markers such as muscle strength, peak endurance, muscle mass, fat mass and glucose tolerance in elderly men and women, according to Mayo Clinic researchers.

Intrinsic eye protein halts angiogenesis
Dr. Jayakrishna Ambati, of the University of Kentucky, and Dr.

NASA approves construction of satellite to scan galaxies
NASA has approved the construction of a new mission, called Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) that will scan the entire sky in infrared light to reveal nearby cool stars, planetary

New theory explains enhanced superconductivity in nanowires
Superconducting wires are used in magnetic resonance imaging machines. Eventually, ultra-narrow superconducting wires might be used in power lines designed to carry electrical energy long distances with little loss.

Pleasure and pain: Study shows brain's 'pleasure chemical' is involved in response to pain too
For years, the brain chemical dopamine has been thought of as the brain's

How Rett Syndrome mutation targets the brain
Researchers have pinpointed why mutations that cause Rett Syndrome (RTT) -- among the leading causes of mental retardation in females -- specifically target the brain rather than other body tissues.

Changing length of days reverses how estrogen affects aggressiveness in mice
New research shows how simply varying the length of daylight to which mice are exposed to can change how aggressively they react to other mice.

Ocean data confirms fishing puts targeted species in 'double jeopardy'
For the first time, a research study has shown that fishing can promote boom and bust swings in supplies of targeted fish stocks.

Gene therapy research switches off joint inflammation; switches on genetic process of joint repair
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Albany Medical College, together with Rainforest Nutritionals, Inc. have demonstrated today at the 14th International Conference of the Inflammation Research Association (IRA) that a blend of natural botanical products called Reparage have turned on the master repair gene, IGF-1, which is responsible for growing human cartilage and restores joint function while blocking joint destruction associated with inflammation.

International conference focuses on mesothelioma
The University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine will host the eighth conference of the International Mesothelioma Interest Group (IMIG) from Thursday, October 19, through Sunday, October 22, 2006, at the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, 301 E.

High tech detectives screen thousands of genes, proteins to solve puzzle of lung disease
Many people suffer from lung disease, such as asthma, emphysema, lung cancer, cystic fibrosis and pulmonary fibrosis.

West Australian fossil find rewrites land mammal evolution
A fossil fish discovered in the West Australian Kimberley has been identified as the missing clue in vertebrate evolution, rewriting a century-old theory on how the first land animals evolved.

Commercial fishing causes dangerous fluctuations in fish populations
Commercial fishing causes serious fluctuations in fish populations leaving them in danger of total collapse, says new research published today.

Stress triggers relapse in meth abuse, OHSU study finds
Oregon Health & Science University research showing stress triggers relapse of methamphetamine abuse in mice could be a step toward developing a drug to curb this frustrating obstacle to recovery.

Putting a spin on it
More Frisbees are sold each year than baseballs, basketballs and footballs combined.

Latest buzz: Marijuana may slow progression of Alzheimer's disease
New evidence in rats suggests that marijuana may contain compounds that slow the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Stress fast tracks puberty
Stress, such as that brought on by parental separation and absentee fathers, fast tracks puberty, say researchers in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

NIEHS allocates $74 million to study environmental causes of disease
As part of the new Exposure Biology Program, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, a component of the National Institutes of Health, today announced $74 million in grant opportunities for the development of new technologies that will improve the measurement of environmental exposures that contribute to human disease.

Cigarette smoking impedes tendon-to-bone healing
Orthopaedic surgery researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Children's Hearing Health, Noise in Toys, Sound Levels in Music Players
The first-ever conference that addresses noise-induced hearing loss in children will feature many topics, including noise exposures to youth in various workplace settings such as farms, recent toys that exceed recommended guidelines for noise levels, and efforts to educate children on how to protect their hearing.

Why we are such terrible judges of the relationship between price and quality
Past research has demonstrated that both experts and novices make notoriously poor judgments.

Inclusion of too few women in clinical drug research puts them at risk
Not enough women are being included in European clinical drug trials, despite the acknowledged gender differences in the effectiveness of treatments, say public health researchers in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Liverpool to be global cancer research hub
Liverpool is to benefit from a multi-million pound development in cancer services and research activity with the merger of Merseyside's three biggest cancer service providers.

New study provides first guidelines for safe levels of iPod music listening
A new analysis of iPods and other portable, digital music players by researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder and Children's Hospital in Boston has produced the first-ever detailed guidelines for safe listening levels using earphones.

Intelligent sensors gear up for real-time flood monitoring
An intelligent flood monitoring system that could give advance warning of the type of rapid flood that engulfed the UK Cornish village of Boscastle in 2004, is under test in the Yorkshire Dales.

Fosrenol does not further impact cognitive function deterioration in CKD Stage 5 patients
Newly published data from a large, two-year trial in the November Kidney International report on the effects of chronic kidney disease on cognitive function in CKD Stage 5 patients with hyperphosphatemia (high serum phosphorus levels in the blood), treated with phosphate binder therapy. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to