Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 2006
Living laboratory found on shoreline statues
Liverpool scientists have discovered an unlikely habitat on a Merseyside beach that has provided a new home for marine life.

Research Dynamics
A symposium whose prospectus reads like a

Two miles underground, strange bacteria are found thriving
Researchers have discovered an isolated community of bacteria nearly two miles underground that derives all of its energy from the decay of radioactive rocks rather than from sunlight.

ESRF's upgrade features in the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures roadmap
On October 19 the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures presented the first ever European Roadmap for Research infrastructures.

AIUM supports FDA decision to deny over-the-counter use of handheld doppler fetoscopes
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) supports the decision of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to deny a request that would permit over-the-counter (OTC) sales of certain handheld Doppler ultrasound fetal listening devices, also referred to as Doppler

FDA approves prescription ZaditorĀ® for over-the-counter relief from itchy eyes
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved prescription ZaditorĀ® (ketotifen fumarate ophthalmic solution 0.025 percent), indicated for the temporary prevention of itchy eyes due to allergic conjunctivitis, for OTC use.

Researchers reveal mystery of bacterial magnetism
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Purdue University have shed light on one of microbiology's most fascinating mysteries -- why some bacteria are naturally magnetic.

Hormonal link to obesity may save lives
Saving the lives of overweight and obese people is the focus of research being conducted by a team of Brisbane-based researchers.

ADA applauds health claim for fluoridated bottled water
The American Dental Association (ADA) supports the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) decision to allow bottlers to claim that fluoridated water may reduce the risk of dental cavities or tooth decay.

New newscast offers virtual anchor, personalized content
Watch out Katie Couric, Brian Williams and Charlie Gibson. New technology from researchers at Northwestern University provides individual users with an automated, personalized newscast that is completely virtual, including a virtual anchor based on video game characters.

Dragon training in China focuses on atmosphere
Fifty-five doctoral level Chinese scientists from 30 institutes have gathered at the prestigious Peking University in Beijing in the People's Republic of China to attend a six-day advanced training course devoted to atmosphere monitoring over China using ESA remote sensing instruments.

Mass extinction's cause: 'Sick Earth'
The Permian-Triassic extinction is the largest recorded, more disastrous for life forms than the extinction that killed the dinosaurs.

People living in highly black concentrated neighborhoods more likely to report their health as poor
In a study examining the relationship between racial/ethnic neighborhood concentration and self-reported health, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that individuals living in neighborhoods with a high concentration of blacks were twice as likely to report poor health when compared to their counterparts living in neighborhoods with a lower concentration of blacks.

Discovery about evolution of fungi has implications for humans, says U of M researcher
A U of Minnesota researcher says as early fungi made the evolutionary journey from water to land and branched off from animals, they shed tail-like flagella that propelled them through their aquatic environment and evolved a variety of new mechanisms, including explosive volleys and fragrances, to disperse their spores and reproduce in a terrestrial setting.

Contending for coral
Student Coral Researcher Wade Cooper has been awarded a 2006 Canon National Parks Science Scholarship in biological sciences for his exploration of coral reef ecosystems and their management.

New biochip helps study living cells, may speed drug development
Purdue University researchers have developed a biochip that measures the electrical activities of cells and is capable of obtaining 60 times more data in just one reading than is possible with current technology.

High bread consumption is associated with increased risk of renal cell carcinoma
A case-control study of more than 2,300 Italians has found a significant association between high bread consumption and renal cell carcinoma.

Weather forecasting technique wins top prize in 2006 Collegiate Inventors Competition
A new way of forecasting the weather has earned the top honor in the Collegiate Inventors Competition, an annual program of the National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation.

18th annual clinical medical ethics conference to focus on health-care reform, decision making
The MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago will host its 18th annual conference on Nov.

Ethnic identity gives teens daily happiness boost
Adolescents with positive feelings toward their ethnic group say they are happier on a daily basis than those who have a more negative attitude about their ethnic identity.

Insights into activity-dependent neuronal growth through RSRF-supported research
BDNF has been a subject of keen interest, turning up in studies of conditions ranging from central hypoventilation syndrome to obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia -- a range of disorders uncannily parallel to those produced by mutations in the

Battle against heart disease begins in childhood
Dr. Julian Ayer from the Heart Research Institute is leading a team that has been awarded a $55,000 Pfizer Australia Cardio Vascular Lipid (CVL) Research Grant in an investigation of the early life determinants of cardiovascular risk and disease.

Early detection
University of Miami Rosenstiel School researcher Dr. Mara Diaz has been awarded $147,721 to develop a rapid detection tool for harmful algal blooms, by the Cooperative Institute for Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology.

Alarming revelation: Women over 50 live in fear
A study by Queensland University of Technology has found women over 50 fear for their safety and want to learn how to better protect themselves.

National center created for Materials World Modules program
The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded Northwestern University a three-year, $6.9 million grant to create a national center for the university's Materials World Modules program, a highly touted educational effort that introduces materials science topics, such as sports materials and food packaging, to students in grades 7-12.

EMEA and FDA extend drug-label based on results of the EORTC 24971 trial
In its September meeting 2006, the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) gave a positive opinion to include the use of docetaxel in combination with the current standard treatment -- cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil -- for the induction treatment of patients with inoperable locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Lupus Research Institute awards $4.5 million to explore new approaches to lupus
The Lupus Research Institute, a first-tier novel lupus research funding organization, announced today that it has awarded $4.5 million in Novel Research Grants to 15 scientists to pursue new approaches to prevent, treat and cure lupus.

Study offers innovative profile of enzyme that aids tumor growth
Using an innovative profiling strategy, scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have characterized an enzyme that is
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