Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2006
AGU journal highlights -- Oct. 26, 2006
The following articles are included in the upcoming issue of Geophysical Research Letters, including Manmade aerosols impact Southern Hemisphere oceanic circulation; Modeling turbulence in the lower troposphere; Optically thin cirrus clouds can significantly influence energy budget calculations in the tropics; Is the polar mesopause higher and warmer?; A new hurricane wind retrieval algorithm for Synthetic Aperture Radar images, and First tomographic image of ionospheric outflows.

The Lancet assesses the five candidates running for the next executive director of the Global Fund
Three of the five candidates running for the job of the next executive director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria lead the field, with the edge going to one, according to an editorial in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Novel laboratory model reveals clues to how blood starts clotting
Researchers at the University of Chicago have crafted a simple model for predicting when and where hemostasis -- the technical term for blood clotting -- will occur.

Scientists find major susceptibility gene for Crohn's disease
Researchers report the discovery of a new genetic link to Crohn's disease.

Women with mental disorders less likely to have mammograms
Women with mental disorders are less likely to have screening mammograms than women without mental illness, although the nature of the mental illness does play a role.

Three-in-one virus killer prevents common, often fatal infections
A novel combination therapy drastically reduces the infection rate of three prevalent viruses -- and risk of death -- in transplant patients with compromised immune systems.

Clean Energy Alliance to expand NREL's business assistance model
The National Alliance of Clean Energy Business Incubators has become the Clean Energy Alliance, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the development of clean energy businesses.

Huge unmet need for Caesarean sections in developing countries
An estimated 80,000 women in 42 developing countries do not have access to life-saving Caesareans sections, according to a study in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Cedars-Sinai researchers on multicenter team linking gene mutation to Crohn's disease
The North American IBD Genetics Consortium has linked a gene mutation to the development of Crohn's disease, a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that affects 100 to 150 of every 100,000 people of European ancestry.

Videoconferencing is an innovative tool in pediatric oncology
An article in the January 2007 issue of the Pediatric Blood & Cancer examines the use of videoconferencing between industrialized and developing countries as a way of improving patient care.

Lightning research sparks $420,000 grant
What Dwyer and his team are studying in the lab is the poorly understood phenomenon of runaway breakdown, which is shown to be associated with lightning.

Crohn's disease gene identified
Alterations in the receptor for a known inflammatory response pathway are strongly associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, according to a report by a consortium of American and Canadian researchers in the Oct.

Open Science Conference to focus on regional sustainability challenges to the Earth system
From the Amazon to Monsoon Asia to sub-Saharan Africa, regions around the world are facing unprecedented challenges induced by global environmental change.

Survivors of organized violence often left with traumatic memories
A series of studies, conducted by a psychotraumatology research group headed by Thomas Elbert in collaboration with Penn State psychologist William Ray, has examined a group of people who have been exposed to different magnitudes of torture and found the appearance of dissociation -- mental separation from the incident -- long after the event.

New study indicates moderate exercise may protect against colds
A moderate exercise program may reduce the incidence of colds.

NASA satellite finds the world's most intense thunderstorms
A summer thunderstorm often provides much-needed rainfall and heat wave relief, but others bring large hail, destructive winds and tornadoes.

Alloy of hydrogen and oxygen made from water
Researchers have used X-rays to dissociate water at high pressure to form a solid mixture -- an alloy -- of molecular oxygen and molecular hydrogen.

Scientists develop new treatments for Alzheimer's disease
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have created a new chemical compound that could be developed into a drug treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers find gene linked to Crohn's disease
An international team of researchers has identified another gene mutation linked to the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

The first 3 Teslas magnetic resonance imager for research
The University Hospital at the University of Navarra and the Applied Medicine Research Centre (CIMA) of the University has recently acquired a 3 Teslas magnetic resonance imager for joint use, the first for research applications in Spain.

Fat stem cells being studied as option for breast reconstruction
Breast cancer survivors might one day avoid the prospect of invasive breast reconstruction surgery, opting instead for an approach that would involve using stem cells from their own fat, suggest researchers who are studying the potential these cells may have for regenerating new breast tissue.

Scientists find gene target that may protect against Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
According to one of the Canadian principal investigators, director of the Laboratory in Genetics and Genomic Medicine of Inflammation at the Montreal Heart Institute, Dr.

In case of pandemic flu majority of Americans willing to make major changes in their lives
Harvard survey shows majority of Americans would make major changes in life in case of pandemic flu but would face critical work-related problems.

Drug could provide new treatment approach for overweight people with diabetes
The drug rimonabant, can reduce bodyweight and improve control of blood glucose levels and other cardiovascular risk factors in people with type 2 diabetes, according to an article in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Vaccine against pneumococcal disease
Two or three doses of a vaccine against pneumococcal disease, pneumonia, meningitis or a blood stream infection, may be just as effective as the four-dose schedule currently recommended in the USA, according to a paper in this week's issue of the Lancet.

New study warns against linking ethnic identity to breast cancer genes
Genetic research over the past decade has linked Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity to an increased risk for hereditary breast cancer, so much so that certain gene mutations have become known as

Insights into honey bee sex gene could bring sweet success in breeding
What makes a bee a he or a she?

Receivers key to Galileo success
Europe's navigation system requires new receiver designs to make use of the transmissions from its satellite constellation.

South Dakota's abortion ban is a threat to women's health
In this week's BMJ, a senior doctor raises serious concerns over abortion law in the US state of South Dakota.

Healthcare staff under report child physical abuse and 1 in 5 worry about getting it wrong
Sixty percent of healthcare professionals have seen a child they suspect was being physically abused, but only 48 percent reported it to the authorities.

Penn physicists track the random walks of ellipsoids, test 'lost' theory of Brownian motion
Research carried out at the University of Pennsylvania has definitively measured and described the Brownian motion of an isolated ellipsoidal particle, completing a path laid out by Einstein 100 years ago when he first described rotational Brownian motion for spheres in water.

Are influenza vaccines worth the effort?
Each year enormous effort goes into producing influenza vaccines and delivering them to appropriate sections of the population.

Europe goes searching for rocky planets
The COROT space telescope is proceeding smoothly towards its launch in December 2006.

CAAT celebrates 25 years and still going strong
On Thursday, Nov. 2, the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing will celebrate its 25th anniversary with a symposium at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Md.

Latest views of the V838 Monocerotis light echo from Hubble
Hubble has returned to the intriguing V838 Monocerotis many times since its initial outburst in 2002 to follow the evolution of its light echo.

Physician-led organizations should gain control over professional standards
Loss of control of professional standards has been a significant factor in the declining morale of doctors, according to an online/comment from Professor Ian Gilmore, the president of the Royal College of Physicians, published today.

Romania as a scientific partner
Romania as a scientific partner: Research cooperation to be expanded.

New genetic analysis forces re-draw of insect family tree
The family tree covering almost half the animal species on the planet has been re-drawn following a genetic analysis which has revealed new relationships between four major groups of insects.

Change in IRRI's copyright policy to facilitate the free exchange of vital information
Taking a leaf out of the software industry's book, the Philippines-based institute has announced that it will change its information copyright policy from the original

Two national diabetes-related initiatives coordinated by MCG bioinformatics expert
A national effort to develop animal models to study the devastating complications of diabetes is being coordinated by a Medical College of Georgia bioinformatics expert.

U of MN Center for Drug Design awarded $2.5 million grant
The University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design has been awarded a $2.5 million, five-year grant by the National Institute of Health (NIH) to research antidotes for cyanide poisoning.

Scientists crack open stellar evolution
Using 3-D models run on some of the fastest computers in the world, laboratory physicists have created a mathematical code that cracks a mystery surrounding stellar evolution.

Credit cards' insidious effects may pose product liability issue
Are credit cards hazardous to your health and safety under the principles of product liability?

Feelings of self-worth impacted by advertisements
New research explores the relationship between so called

Key gene controlling eye lens development identified
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered in mouse models that a gene called Six3 is one of the earliest critical regulators controlling lens development in the eye of the mammalian embryo.

New cancer drug hope
Scientists helping to develop the next generation of cancer-beating drugs say they have had a major breakthrough with their latest results.

Keep your eyes on the puck
Researchers at the University of Calgary's Faculty of Kinesiology may have found the secret to dazzling goaltending, after they discovered the exact spot a goalie needs to watch to be successful.

New gene found for Crohn's disease
A new gene associated with Crohn's disease has been identified by a team of researchers.

More than a meteor likely killed dinosaurs 65 million years ago
Growing evidence shows that the dinosaurs and their contemporaries were not wiped out by the famed Chicxulub meteor impact alone, according to a paleontologist who says multiple meteor impacts, massive volcanism in India and climate changes culminated in the end of the Cretaceous Period.

Big Bang theory saved
An apparent discrepancy in the Big Bang theory of the universe's evolution has been reconciled by astrophysicists examining the movement of gases in stars.

Regular, moderate exercise reduces the risk of colds in postmenopausal women
Study finds that postmenopausal women who exercised regularly for a year had about half the risk of colds compared to those who did not work out routinely.

Industry tactics threaten to derail European alcohol strategy
A European strategy to tackle the health impact of alcohol may be the victim of a carefully planned attack by representatives of the alcohol industry, using tactics associated with tobacco manufacturers, warns public health expert, Professor Martin McKee, in this week's BMJ.

Good information? It's not all about the brain
An Indiana University neuroscientist and University of Tokyo roboticist have figured out a way to model the popularly accepted idea that it takes all types of sensory information to help us make sense of our environments.

New study has important implications for flu surveillance
Researchers are reporting the results of a study that dramatically alters the existing understanding of how the influenza virus evolves.

Learning global solutions to local problems
Seven scientists were selected to participate in a year-long global awareness program which would end with an international immersion trip to Mexico.

Ossur recognized with Frost & Sullivan 2006 Innovative Technology Award
Ossur -- the Iceland-based developer and supplier of orthopedic devices -- has launched more scientifically advanced prosthetic innovations than any other company in the field.

UGA scientists discover bacterial 'switch gene' that regulates oceans' sulfur emissions into the air
A team of researchers, led by marine microbial ecologist Mary Ann Moran at the University of Georgia, has discovered a bacterial

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association accepted into prestigious ISI Index
The Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (JAMDA), Official Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, published by Elsevier, has been accepted by Thomson Scientific (formerly ISI), for inclusion in the Science Citation Index Expanded and Current Contents/Clinical Medicine databases.
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