Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2006
Looking to a new era in bee research
A respected UK entomology journal, Insect Molecular Biology, today publishes its Honey Bee Genome Special Issue, timed to coincide with the release of the long-awaited Honey Bee Genome Sequence, published earlier this week in Nature magazine.

Babies say 'thank you' as new research reveals breastfeeding boosts mental health
A new study has found that babies that are breastfed for longer than six months have significantly better mental health in childhood.

Interdisciplinary grant to Yale: Creating nanodevices for delivery of vaccines
A team of Yale biomedical engineers and cell biologists received a $1-million award from the National Science Foundation to develop

Scientists' cell discovery unearths evolutionary clues
The full family tree of the species known as social amoebas has been plotted for the first time -- a breakthrough which will provide important clues to the evolution of life on earth.

Many adults with psychiatric disorders may also have undiagnosed ADHD
Shire announced today that many adults with a depressive disorder, bipolar disorder or an anxiety disorder may also have undiagnosed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, according to a longitudinal retrospective U.S. medical claims analysis presented at a medical meeting of child and adolescent psychiatrists.

Nightmares, demons and slaves: Study explores painful metaphors of workplace bullying
Workplace bullying negatively impacts employees' physical and mental health, leading to higher company costs including increased employee illness, use of sick days and medical costs, ultimately affecting productivity.

Unique imaging uncovers the invisible world where surfaces meet
Hoping to find new ways of addressing environmental pollution, a physicist at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee has developed some novel ways to observe what happens inside a cell when it comes in contact with contaminants or when toxic substances touch soil and water.

Fastest waves ever photographed
Images of the fastest waves ever photographed to be presented at Philadelphia Plasma Conference.

UWM research helps industry make stronger, lighter and cheaper alloys
Industry is actively pursuing new materials that push the boundaries for strength, reliability and weight.

Prominent hypertension specialists question results of TROPHY study on hypertension
There may be as many as 70 million Americans with prehypertension.

Pediatrics study shows no link between juice and children's weight
Research published in the October issue of Pediatrics evaluated data from a national sample of preschool children and determined that consumption of 100 percent juice was not associated with body mass index (an indicator of overweight) among preschoolers.

New Web-based system leads to better, more timely data
After two years of work, an innovative project using web-based technologies to speed researcher access to a large body of new scientific data has demonstrated that not only access to but also the quality of the data has improved markedly.

Saving salivary glands from the collateral damage of radiation therapy
Researchers have shown that targeted overexpression of heat shock protein 25 prevents radiation-induced damage to salivary glands, a common consequence of treatment for head and neck cancer.

Researchers find that bumblebees' flower choice matters
Bees play a vital role in the pollination of native wildflowers, and UWM researchers are studying how invasive species interfere with seed production in these native plants.

Chemo drugs for treating breast cancer may cause changes in cognitive function
A new study investigating the effects of chemotherapy on cognitive function in mice has confirmed what many cancer patients receiving treatment have often complained about -- a decline in their memory and other cognitive functions, sometimes characterized as

Latest views of the V838 Monocerotis light echo from Hubble
Hubble has returned to the intriguing variable star V838 Monocerotis many times since its initial outburst in 2002, to follow the evolution of its light echo.

International Conference on Tularemia to be held in Woods Hole
Scientists who study the bacterium Francisella tularensis, and the illness it causes, tularemia, will be meeting next week at the MBL (Marine Biological Laboratory) for the Fifth International Conference on Tularemia.

Study shows cognitive decline is often undetected
Many patients over the age of 65 who are hospitalized with an acute illness experience a subtle change in their cognitive ability that often goes undiagnosed, untreated and under-reported.

UWM brain research supports drug development from jellyfish protein
With the research support from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, a Wisconsin biotech company has found that a compound from a protein found in jellyfish is neuroprotective and may be effective in treating neurodegenerative diseases.

New hybrid microscope probes nano-electronics
A new form of scanning microscopy that simultaneously reveals physical and electronic profiles of metal nanostructures has been demonstrated at JILA, a joint institute of NIST and University of Colorado at Boulder.

NSF awards 17 grants for research on biocomplexity in the environment
To better understand the interrelationships among living things -- from their genes to the ecosystems they inhabit and how they interact with their environment -- the National Science Foundation has awarded 17 grants to scientists and engineers across the country to study biocomplexity in the environment.

UC Davis scientists' groundbreaking research: Mate-attracting chemicals
It's all about

Clean Air Act: Minister Lunn highlights clean energy and energy efficiency
The Honorable Gary Lunn, minister of Natural Resources, put clean energy in the spotlight at the 7th annual Forum on Hydropower on Thursday and at the opening reception for the Business of Climate Change Conference on Tuesday.

Melting diamonds, fusion energy advances, lab astrophysics, and more at Philly Plasma Conference
Magnetic and inertially confined fusion plasmas, high-energy density physics, space and astrophysical plasmas, and basic plasma science will be in the spotlight at the 48th annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Plasma Physics in Philadelphia, Pa.

Child pornography link to abuse of children unclear
Although the Internet has made it easier to view child pornography, it remains difficult to predict what someone possessing it might do to a child.

New insight into cell division
Max Planck scientists in Berlin reveal a molecular mechanism which controls the distribution of chromosomes when cells divide.

NIH completes Nanomedicine Network
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has completed its national network of eight Nanomedicine Development Centers (NDCs).

Case Western Reserve University hosts 100th Anniversary of Alzheimer's Disease Conference
Speakers at the

Finding the right mix: A biomaterial blend library
Researchers at NIST and the New Jersey Center for Biomaterials (NJCB) at Rutgers University have developed new methods to analyze the interactions between cells and biomaterials.

For crying out loud -- pick up your baby
A study by Queensland University of Technology has found parents don't know whether or not they should pick up their crying baby.

A Wellcome brain gain for world leading neuroscience lab
One of the world's foremost brain imaging research facilities has received a major boost after being awarded £6.74 million funding over five years by the Wellcome Trust.

Laurie Garrett on health workers sentenced to die in Libya
In an essay published urgently in the international open access journal PloS Medicine, Pulitzer Prize winning author Laurie Garrett warns that if Libya proceeds with the executions of six foreign health workers accused of infecting children with HIV, the appalling injustice will threaten health workers worldwide and endanger their patients in the poorest parts of the world.

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in ADHD phase 3 data presented
Shire and New River Pharmaceuticals Inc. announce that their investigational ADHD treatment, lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, also known as NRP104 or LDX, yielded a 60 percent improvement in the primary rating scale scores for symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in children aged 6 to 12 years who received six months of treatment in an open-label phase 3 study presented at a national meeting of child and adolescent psychiatrists.

Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis is emerging threat
Strains of tuberculosis (TB) that are resistant to both first-line and second-line drugs could threaten the success of not only tuberculosis programs, but also HIV treatment programs worldwide, according to an article published online this week in the Lancet.

NSF, NIH award Ecology of Infectious Diseases grants
Over the past 20 years, unprecedented changes in biodiversity have coincided with the emergence and re-emergence of numerous infectious diseases around the world.

Profiles of serial killers have limitations
UC-Davis forensic psychiatrists addressed the limitations of FBI profiles of serial killers at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.

Bee genome information housed at Texas A&M University
About three years ago, Dr. Christine Elsik -- an expert in genomics in the department of animal science at Texas A&M University -- offered to house the data from the honey bee genome sequencing project at Baylor College of Medicine's Human Genome Sequencing Center.

Discovery of gamma rays from the edge of a black hole
H.E.S.S. discovers drastic variations of very-high-energy gamma rays from the central engine of the giant elliptical galaxy M 87.

Award to help MSU math prof add up really big solutions
Andrew Christlieb's problems start out large: mathematical problems so large that

Michigan State researcher traces the evolution of honey bee gender
A first-of-its-kind evolutionary strategy discovered among invertebrate organisms -- or honey bees -- shows how a complex genetic mechanism determines gender and maximizes gene transmission to the next generation of several bee species.

DAYTRANA (methylphenidate transdermal system) provides individualized ADHD symptom management
Shire's Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder patch, DAYTRANA tm (methylphenidate transdermal system) has significant efficacy in reducing the symptoms of ADHD in children aged 6 to 12 years, even when removed earlier than the recommended nine hours.

Turning a nuclear spotlight on illegal weapons material
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have demonstrated that they can cheaply, quickly, and accurately identify even subnanogram amounts of weapon-grade plutonium and uranium.

MIT's pint-sized engine promises high efficiency, low cost
MIT researchers are developing a half-sized gasoline engine that performs like its full-sized cousin but offers fuel efficiency approaching that of today's hybrid engine system -- at a far lower cost.

Fauci and Foege receive Richmond Awards for their lifelong efforts at protecting health
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) has awarded its highest honor, for the promotion of high public health standards among vulnerable populations, to William H.

Bacterial 'switch gene' regulates how oceans emit sulfur into atmosphere
Scientists have discovered a bacterial

Race-based discrimination contributes to African-American health disparities
The experience of racial discrimination may be a key factor in explaining why African-Americans have higher rates of obesity and suffer at higher rates from such diseases as diabetes and cardiovascular disorders, according to UCLA researchers.
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