Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 03, 2006
Giving hope back to disabled veterans
Kent State University, in partnership with the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, has created a program that offers veterans the opportunity to take control of their future by obtaining entirely online degrees suited to their educational, physical and mental needs.

Lungs try to repair damaged elastic fibers
The lungs of patients suffering chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attempt to repair damaged elastic fibers, a new finding that contradicts the conventional wisdom on the capabilities of the adult lung.

Proteins may predict lung transplant rejection
Researchers have identified three proteins that appear to be highly predictive of chronic lung rejection up to 20 months before the rejection occurred.

Park your car and walk to store, school, work
New Saint Louis University research that outlines the top 10 factors that encourage people to be physically active is a blueprint to design healthier communities.

Space sunshade might be feasible in global warming emergency
Developing renewable energy is the only permanent solution to global warming, University of Arizona astronomer Roger Angel concludes.

Rensselaer researchers developing model to predict organizational response to extreme events
By studying the organizational culture of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the United States Coast Guard, as well as each organization's response to last year's Hurricane Katrina, a team of researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has begun to develop a dynamic model of organizational processes with the capacity to predict how an organization's culture will affect its ability to respond to an extreme event.

Fossils of ancient sea monster found in Montana
A complete skull of a long-necked plesiosaur has been discovered in Montana.

Stem cells engage in dialogue with the cells that regulate their futures
Stem cells require niches -- nest-like microenvironments made up of regulatory cells in order to replenish them selves.

Mental health problems threaten the knowledge economy
In a knowledge economy, people work increasingly with their heads instead of their hands.

Louisiana Tech inventors honored for research
Twenty Louisiana Tech faculty researchers were honored for their innovative skills and production at an Inventors' Recognition event held recently.

Beetle feet stick to their promises
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart, joining forces with Gottlieb Binder GmbH in Holzgerlingen, are developing new kinds of adhesive material modeled on the soles of insects' feet.

Alzheimer's disease diagnosed 100 years ago today
One hundred years after the first diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease Nov.

Your genes may hold key to how sick you get from the flu
With the help of some high tech equipment, well-defined mouse models and analytical know how, researchers are trying to understand why a flu virus kills some people but not others.

UC given $1 million to develop skin cancer prevention treatment
Aided by a $1 million NCI grant, scientists from the University of Cincinnati collaborate with those at the University of Florida to develop a skin cancer prevention treatment.

Floating and spiky
A team of researchers has used computer simulations to explain how cells adhere so firmly to blood vessel walls.

Early-stage immune system control of HIV may depend on inherited factors
How well an individual's immune system controls HIV during the earliest phases of infection appears to depend on both the specific versions of key immune-system molecules called HLA Class I that have been inherited, as well as on the fragments of viral protein those molecules display to the T lymphocytes that usually destroy infected cells.

Report calls for using heated chemotherapy after colon cancer surgery to optimize patient survival
There is new hope for some of the most seriously ill colon cancer patients today, following the release of a consensus statement by 72 leading oncology surgeons from 14 countries, including the United States.

Researchers writing story of the 'alcoholic lung'
Chronic alcohol abuse disrupts the proteins that keep fluids out of the lung, lowers a protective antioxidant, disrupts immune defenses and can lead to a condition known as

ACP commends CMS plan to increase values assigned to evaluation and management codes
The American College of Physicians today commended the increase in payments for Evaluation and Management services included in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) final rule for the 2007 Physician Fee Schedule, published on November 1.

Newly discovered proteins associated with cystic fibrosis
Researchers have found a highly unusual distribution of proteins in the lungs and airways of people with cystic fibrosis.

Mayo Clinic Cancer Center prostate SPORE grant renewed
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center's Specialized Programs of Research Excellence grant from the National Cancer Institute for prostate cancer research has been renewed for an additional five years.

Growth factor stimulates rapid extension of key motor neurons in brain
A growth factor known to be important for the survival of many types of cells stimulates rapid extension of corticospinal motor neurons -- critical brain cells that connect the cerebral cortex with the spinal cord and that die in motor neuron diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease).

Keeping cancer at bay: Long-term therapy in the fight against multiple myeloma
There is no known cure for multiple myeloma, so its diagnosis means high-dose chemotherapy followed by repeated treatments with each relapse of the cancer -- a watch and wait approach.

Rare transit of Mercury
When Mercury goes in front of the sun on Wednesday, Nov.

Researchers study effects of Aricept in pediatric brain cancer survivors
A pediatric oncologist at Brenner Children's Hospital is evaluating whether a drug typically used to treat Alzheimer's patients will help brain cancer survivors avoid the learning and memory problems that are common after radiation therapy.

Using science and agriculture to achieve sustainable investments in the new bioeconomy
Chuck Conner, deputy secretary of agriculture, is one of several speakers participating in a Bioeconomy Symposium and Panel Discussion on Nov.

Signal protein shows promise for blocking tumor promoters in skin cells
A protein with the ironic name

Researchers explore medicine in the final frontier
Preliminary findings from a University of Florida study show there is little difference in the dose of general anesthesia needed to anesthetize patients in weightless or normal gravity environments.

Learning how nature splits water
An international team led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) pieced together high-resolution (approximately 0.15 Ã…ngstrom) structures of a Mn4Ca cluster found in a photosynthetic protein complex.

Penn researcher shows that DNA gets kinky easily at the nanoscale
Physicists from the University of Pennsylvania tackle the fundamental question of how DNA can seemingly violate physics.

Cells, dyes and videotape: Online scientific methods journal incorporates multimedia
Observing the microscopic mysteries of embryos, cells and chromosomes is feasible with advanced live imaging technologies.

Europe's leading life science researchers are to convene for the first annual EuroBioForum
Europe's leading life science researchers are to convene for the first annual EuroBioForum in Helsinki, Finland, December 14-15, to discuss how to move forward on life science topics ranging from the production of hydrogen via artificial photosynthesis to learning how to survive without water.
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