Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 08, 2006
Enzyme inhibitor produces stable disease in patients with advanced solid cell cancers
Preliminary trials of a MEK enzyme inhibitor have shown that it is capable of producing long-lasting stable disease in patients with advanced solid cancers.

A leading edge camera for molecules
Max Planck researchers in Heidelberger film fast molecular motion for the first time.

New report cites ethics and justice as critical in world's approach to climate change
Ethics, human rights, and distributive and procedural justice must be an integral component of international negotiations seeking any comprehensive solution to climate change, according to a new report released here today at the United Nations Climate Change Conference.

UTSA hosted international conference on disaster preparation
The University of Texas at San Antonio Institute for the Protection of American Communities, East Carolina University and US Northern Command's Homeland Security/Defense Education Consortium teamed up to host the inaugural conference on

In young rats, researchers find a reaction to spinal cord injury that speeds recovery
Neuroscientists had long believed that the only way to repair a spinal cord injury was to grow new neural connections, but researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have found that, especially in young rats, powerful cells near the injury site also work overtime to restrict nerve damage and restore movement and sensation.

Research says massage may help infants sleep more, cry less and be less stressed
New research by a team at the University of Warwick says that massage may help infants aged under six months sleep better, cry less and be less stressed.

Social exclusion changes brain function and can lead to poor decision-making
In new research, reported in the current online issue of the journal Social Neuroscience, researchers from the University of Georgia and San Diego State University report for the first time that social exclusion actually causes changes in a person's brain function and can lead to poor decision-making and a diminished learning ability.

Jefferson researchers find nanoparticle shows promise in reducing radiation side effects
With the help of tiny, transparent zebrafish embryos, researchers are hoping to prove that a microscopic nanoparticle can be part of a

How the brain weaves a memory
Memories of events comprise many components -- including sights, sounds, smells and tastes.

New statistical approach could improve hospital care for sick newborns
The movement to computerize patient records in a growing number of hospitals is paving the way for the use of sophisticated statistical methods to assist doctors' decision making.

Antibody reduces incidence of acute rejection in high-risk kidney transplant patients
Nearly 70 percent of kidney transplant patients get short-term drug therapy initially administered during surgery to help prevent rejection.

Manchester and Sheffield put MAGIC into maths research
Mathematicians at the University of Manchester are to use interactive video conferencing to boost the knowledge of students across the North of England.

Parkinson's Disease Foundation makes $200K grant to Parkinson Study Group
The Parkinson's Disease Foundation has announced a $200,000 award to the Parkinson Study Group to fund new and innovative programs that facilitate the clinical research process so that treatments and therapies move at an accelerated rate from

Colorado company to sell medical food products based on Wake Forest discovery
A Colorado-based company is launching a line of

Research Council feted NJIT chemical engineering professor
The Research and Development Council of New Jersey presented one of its highest awards last night to Kamalesh K.

Himalayan megaquakes powered by elastic energy in Tibetan plateau, says U of Colorado study
Computer simulations indicate that Himalayan megaearthquakes must occur every 1,000 years or so to empty a reservoir of energy in southern Tibet not released by smaller earthquakes, according to a paper that will appear in the Nov.

Rapidly rising PSA before treatment is key indicator of cancer spread
Results of a new Fox Chase Cancer Center study show that men with a rapidly rising PSA level before treatment have a high probability of metastatic disease and should receive hormone therapy in addition to radiation.

Bernstein presents software engineering lecture at Langston University
Lawrence Bernstein, and Industry Research Professor in the Computer Science Department at Stevens Institute of Technology, will be giving a lecture at Langston University, located in Oklahoma City, Okla., on Monday, November 13 at 11:00 a.m.

Evidence that subliminal is not so 'sub'
The popular notion of subliminal information is that it streams into an unguarded mind, unchecked and unprocessed.

Ocean current links northern and southern hemisphere during Ice Age
Even if climate records from Greenland and Antarctic ice cores show different patterns climate of Arctic and Antarctica are connected directly.

An AIDS-related virus tricks cells to become tumors, new Penn study finds
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have discovered how the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) subverts a normal cell process in order to promote tumor growth.

Radiation heart dose from MammoSite compared to IMRT for left-sided breast cancers
When compared to IMRT, MammoSite brachytherapy does not always deliver lower doses of radiation to the heart during treatment of left-sided breast cancers.

10 million people a year are affected by zoonotic viruses spread by non-human hosts
An estimated 50 million people were affected by zoonotics diseases, including H5N1 (bird flu), SARS and Rabies, between 2000 and 2005 and up to 78,000 died.

Largest study to evaluate PSA 'bounce' shows overall survival is not affected
A study involving more than 7,500 men with prostate cancer treated with radiation concludes that a rise in the PSA level after treatment -- called PSA bounce -- does not have clinical relevance and does not affect survival.

ALTRAN -- Ecobuilding Performance Forum
ALTRAN presents the concept of

Medication costs infrequently addressed when newly prescribed, UCLA study finds
A new UCLA study has found that physicians discuss cost and aspects of obtaining newly prescribed medications only about one-third of the time during patient/doctor interactions.

Economist shows good fences do make good neighbors
A new study led by a UC Irvine economist debunks a popular argument against urban sprawl -- that living farther from neighbors decreases social interaction.

Life in the extreme
Extensive fields of hydrocarbon-rich gas seepage, mud volcanoes and pockmarks have all been mapped by the Eurocores program Euromargins.

Philippines president enacts new national conservation policy
President Gloria Arroyo has enacted a new national conservation policy for the Philippines to protect the archipelagic country's unique and rich nature, with initial focus on the heart of Southeast Asia's Coral Triangle.

Study first: Over-expression of COX-2 can predict prostate cancer outcome
Researchers say an over-expression of COX-2 in men with prostate cancer is associated with an increase in PSA after radiation treatment and the spread of the cancer outside of the prostate.

Scientists discover way to block growth of prostate cancer cells
Scientists have discovered for the first time a specific biochemical pathway by which the sex hormone, androgen, increases levels of harmful chemicals called reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the prostate gland that play a role in the development of prostate cancer, the 18th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Prague heard on Wednesday.

Cholesterol screening a cost-effective procedure to extend life in Hodgkin's disease survivors
Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors who have lipid screening every five years to detect high cholesterol will live a half year longer than patients who don't have the screening and the intervention is cost-effective, according to a study presented November 8, 2006, at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology's 48th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.

Your Voice, Whose Choice?
A free public debate sponsored by the Economic and Social Research Council, held at The Saint David's Hotel, Cardiff Bay on November 15th at 6pm.

Moon's escaping gasses expose fresh surface
A fresh look at Apollo-era images combined with recent spectral data leads researchers to re-examine conventional wisdom.

Drug that interrupts a key stage of cell division shows promise for advanced solid tumors
One of the first studies to investigate the effects of a new anti-cancer drug in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumours has shown that it is capable of halting progression of the disease, and the study has provided the first proof of the drug's mechanism of action, the 18th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Prague was told on Wednesday.

DTI research and development scoreboard reveals extent of R&D in services sector
There has been a £2 billion rise in UK companies' R&D investment according to figures published today in the DTI's 2006 R&D Scoreboard.

Losing weight and reducing risk of diabetes: Diet and exercise work equally well
Exercise and diet work equally well in reducing the risk factors for diabetes, a new study finds.

Why our shifty eyes don't drive us crazy
Our eyes are constantly making saccades, or little jumps. Yet the world appears to us as a smooth whole.

Vaccination with embryonic stem cells prevents lung cancer in mice
Researchers have discovered that vaccinating mice with embryonic stem cells prevented lung cancer in those animals that had had cancer cells transplanted into them after the vaccination or that had been exposed to cancer-causing chemicals, the 18th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics heard on Wednesday.

A 20-year study finds no association between low-carb diets and risk of coronary heart disease
In the first study to look at the long-term effects of low-carbohydrate diets, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) found no evidence of an association between low-carb diets and an increased risk of CHD in women.

ESSP launches new Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study
The Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP) has recently launched a Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) and will share details of the study, as well as outline research needs and knowledge gaps in the understanding of Monsoon Asia, during several special sessions at the ESSP Open Science Conference.

Free-electron laser shines at over 14 kilowatts in the infrared
The world's most powerful tunable laser broke another power record, reaching 14.2 kWs.

'Muscle' protein drives prostate cancer
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have for the first time implicated the muscle protein myosin VI in the development of prostate cancer and its spread.

Oregon study meets highest standards in US for research on reading programs
At least one in three children in this country has difficulty learning to read.

Blocking cancer-causing gene improves radiation effectiveness, Jefferson researchers find
Inhibiting a particular cancer-causing gene can enhance the cell-killing effects of radiation, a team of radiation oncologists and cancer biologists has found.

New treatment finds success treating tiniest lung tumors
Patients with metastatic cancer tumors in their lungs are much more likely to live disease-free if they have an experimental treatment involving shaped-beam radiosurgery rather that conventional treatment, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study.

Traditional books provide more positive parent-child interaction
Parents and pre-school children have a more positive interaction when sharing a reading experience with a traditional book as opposed to an electronic book or e-book, according researchers at Temple University's Infant Laboratory and Erikson Institute in Chicago.

Research finds shorter-course radiation treatment safe for breast cancer
External-beam radiation therapy for early-stage breast cancer can be delivered safely and in a shorter course that eliminates as much as two weeks from conventional treatment, finds a Fox Chase Cancer Center study.

Heavy smoking cuts women's chance of pregnancy -- even with donated oocytes
Heavy smoking may reduce female fertility by directly affecting the uterus -- making it less receptive and reducing the chances the embryo will implant, according to research published on line (Thursday, November 9) in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction.

Transplanted photoreceptor precursor cells restore visual function in mice with retinal degeneration
Scientists have successfully transplanted light-sensing cells called photoreceptors directly into the eyes of mice and restored their visual function.

New classification better identifies prostate cancer patients to benefit from hormone therapy
A new classification system for evaluating men after radiation treatment for prostate cancer better determines which men may recur and thus may benefit from hormone therapy.

Fizzy drinks increase risk of pancreatic cancer
The high consumption of sweetened food and drink increases the risk of developing pancreatic cancer, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet.

Largest PSA bounce study eases worry of prostate cancer returning
Prostate cancer patients who have a temporary rise in their prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels after radiation therapy -- called a PSA bounce -- are not at an increased risk of their cancer coming back any more than those who don't have a temporary rise, according to the largest study of its kind presented November 8, 2006, at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology's 48th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.

Tarantula venom and chili peppers target same pain sensor
Venom from a West Indian tarantula has been shown to cause pain by exciting the same nerve cells in mice that sense high temperatures and the hot, spicy ingredient in chili peppers, UCSF scientists have discovered.

Reef warns of sea level rise
Margaret River in Western Australia, famed for its wine, is about to become famous for another reason -- warning coastal dwellers what they may have to cope with under global warming.

New research reveals hidden earthquake trouble spots
University of Leicester develops technique to reveal earthquake-prone faults in forested mountainous regions.

Lymphedema risk greatly increased with boost of radiation to axillary nodes
The significant risk of developing lymphedema may outweigh the benefit of receiving an extra boost of radiation to lymph nodes possibly involved in early-stage breast cancer.

Volcanic aerosol clouds and gases lead to ozone destruction
Volcanic eruptions destroy ozone and create

NIAMS funds new Centers of Research Translation
Bridging the gap between bench and bedside is the goal of four new Centers of Research Translation (CORTs) funded by grants from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Gene therapy inhibits epilepsy in animals
For the first time, researchers have inhibited the development of epilepsy after a brain insult in animals.
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