Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 22, 2006
On the cutting edge: Carbon nanotube cutlery
Researchers at NIST and the University of Colorado at Boulder have designed a prototype carbon nanotube

Yale Cell Biologist Joel Rosenbaum, to receive Prestigious Wilson Award
Joel Rosenbaum, professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology and faculty member at Yale since 1967, has been named the recipient of the 2006 E.

Pilot study successful in taming allergic reactions to food
Children who were allergic to eggs were able to essentially overcome their allergy by gradually consuming increased quantities of eggs over time, researchers at Duke University Medical Center and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences have found in a small pilot study.

Altered sodium channel function linked to heart failure
The results of a new study using mice and heart muscle cells from rabbits have provided a potential molecular explanation for the abnormally rapid heartbeats known as ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) that can cause the sudden death associated with heart failure.

Mind the gap
Researchers have found a gap between water and a water-repelling surface that can give new insight into the way water and oil separate.

Plague proteome reveals proteins linked to infection
Recreating growth conditions in flea carriers and mammal hosts, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists have uncovered 176 proteins and likely proteins in the plague-bacterium Yersinia pestis whose numbers rise and fall according to the disease's virulence.

Discovery of cardiac stem cells may advance regenerative heart therapy
An immediate early publication of the journal Cell, published by Cell Press, on Nov.

Coral reefs are increasingly vulnerable to angry oceans
Size and shape may predict the survival of corals around the world when the weather churns the oceans in the years to come, according to a new model that relies on engineering principles.

Yale Professor T.P. Ma recognized for pioneering semiconductor work by SIA
The Semiconductor Industry Association today honored Yale Professor Tso-Ping (T.P.) Ma with its annual University Researcher Award for his pioneering work in semiconductor technology.

Manchester signs counter-terrorism deal with Home Office
The University of Manchester is to develop a host of new counter-terrorism technologies following the award of a multi-million pound research contract by the Home Office.

Longer anthracycline therapy reduces heart failure in adult cancer patients
Stretching out a dose of chemotherapy over six or more hours may reduce the risk of heart problems caused by certain commonly used cancer drugs, according to a new review of recent research.

Parkinson's mutation stunts neurons
Mutations in a key brain protein known to underlie a form of Parkinson's disease wreaks its damage by stunting the normal growth and branching of neurons, researchers have found.

Zinc plays important role in brain circuitry
To the multitude of substances that regulate neuronal signaling in the brain and spinal cord add a new key player: zinc.

Winner of Dragon's Den style challenge for researchers with entrepreneurial flair
The University of Manchester has won the top award in EPSRC's first Knowledge Transfer Challenge, which looks at innovative approaches to turning today's research into tomorrow's products and services.

Spike in testicular cancer is focus
Pinpointing reasons behind the dramatic increase in testicular cancer, now the most common malignant cancer among 15-to-35-year-old Caucasian men, is the focus of a five-year, $5.5 million National Cancer Institute grant to Yale Public Health researcher Tongzhang Zheng.

University scoops $500K science and engineering prize
The University of Manchester has beaten off fierce competition from dozens of major universities across the UK to scoop $500,000 in a Dragon's Den-style contest.

'Nymph of the sea' reveals remarkable brood
Geologists from the UK and US, led by the University of Leicester, have made an unusual discovery from over 425 million years ago ... hard boiled eggs!

Technology for monitoring fetal oxygen during labor offers no apparent benefit
A new technology for measuring blood oxygen levels of a baby during labor -- expected to provide information useful for preventing birth complications -- offers no apparent benefit, report researchers in a National Institutes of Health research network.

Global warming scientist in Canada to speak on 'From Here to Eternity'
David Archer, scientist and author on the hot topic of global warming, will be in Ontario on December 6, 2006 to take part in Perimeter Institute's popular monthly public lecture series.

Mass. General researchers identify master cardiac stem cell
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Cardiovascular Research Center have discovered what appears to be a master cardiac stem cell, capable of differentiating into the three major cell types of the mammalian heart.

Springer to publish new journal Systems and Synthetic Biology
Springer, one of the world's leading science, technology and medicine publishers, will launch a new quarterly journal in 2007 called Systems and Synthetic Biology.

Yale scientist honored with Keio University Medical Science Prize
Thomas A. Steitz, Sterling Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry at Yale, received the 11th Keio Medical Science Prize in a ceremony and commemorative symposium at Keio University in Tokyo, Japan, for research that produced the first X-ray crystallographic imaging of the large ribosomal subunit.

Elsevier announces new publishing partnership with the Russian Academy of Sciences
Elsevier today announced a partnership with the Russian Academy of Sciences to publish Physical Mesomechanics beginning in January 2007.

Lifton honored by two medical societies for work on hypertension
Richard P. Lifton, M.D., chair of the Department of Genetics at Yale received the 2006 Robert Tigerstedt Award at the 21st Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Hypertension in Fukuoka, Japan, for distinguished research into the etiology, epidemiology, pathology or treatment of high blood pressure.

Gene linked to aggressive 'wet' age-related macular degeneration
A gene variant that increases the risk of developing the aggressive

Tire safety takes a front seat in Tyresense project
The Eureka E! 2375 Tyresense project is developing sensors that can be embedded in tires to detect critical driving conditions, helping to reduce maintenance costs and environmental impact, and preventing potentially life-threatening accidents.

JCI table of contents: November 22, 2006
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, November 22, 2006, in the JCI, including: Altered sodium channel function linked to heart failure, and Spot the difference: proteasome composition differs in Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.

Genetics a key factor in premature infants' devastating eye disease
Genetics play a major role in predisposing infants to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a disease prevalent in premature infants that disrupts normal blood vessel development of the retina and can lead to blindness, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the November issue of Pediatrics.

Delft University of Technology shines light on atomic transistor
Researchers from TU Delft and FOM Foundation have successfully measured transport through a single atom in a transistor.

NEJM report on cardiac emergency therapy finds single medication effective vs. combination drugs
A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine led by Columbia University Medical Center and New York-Presbyterian Hospital researchers showed that an anti-clotting agent called bivalirudin, when used by itself to treat acute coronary syndromes, reduced the risk of major bleeding, a key risk for mortality, by 47 percent compared with the standard combination drugs.

Breaking the medical image communication barrier
Using a new grid computing system, radiologists and pediatric oncologists at 40 hospitals all over North America are now quickly and securely exchanging high-resolution medical images.

Getting to the heart of the heart
Helping to change scientists' thinking about how the heart is formed, investigators at Children's Hospital Boston have identified a type of stem cell that gives rise to at least two different cell types that make up the heart's tissues.

NIST test fans the flames for high-rise fire safety
Reseearchers from NIST, the Chicago Fire Department and the Chicago Housing Authority recently set controlled fires in an abandoned Chicago apartment building to test a new fire-fighting technique -- using powerful fans to force smoke and heat from corridors and stairwells so that they stay passable and safe for both escaping occupants and firefighters.

76 percent of workers older than 60 years of age are overweight or obese
Seventy-six percent of workers older than 60 years of age are overweight or obese.

Report finds most programs ineffective for Aboriginal children
The largest survey ever undertaken of Aboriginal children and families has thrown new light on why most existing intervention programs are failing to produce results needed for overcoming the present levels of Indigenous disadvantage.

December workshop focuses on advancing telemedicine
NIST, the American Telemedicine Association and the National Library of Medicine are sponsoring a workshop on Dec.

21st century technology cracks alchemists' secret recipe
A 500-year old mystery surrounding the centerpiece of the alchemists' lab kit has been solved by UCL (University College London) and Cardiff University archaeologists.

Successful completion of AmerHis, the first switchboard in space
Today in Madrid, the European Space Agency, the Spanish Centre for Industrial Technology Development (Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial -- CDTI) and Hispasat, a Spanish telecommunications satellite operator, signed an agreement marking the successful completion of the AmerHis system implementation.

New technology used to construct the first map of structural variation in the human genome
Scientists have developed powerful new experimental and algorithmic methods to detect copy number variants (CNVs) -- defined as large deletions and duplications of DNA segments.

Decreased genital sensation in competitive women cyclists
Women who participated in prolonged, frequent bicycling had decreased genital sensation and were more likely to have a history of genital pain than women runners, researchers in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine report in the current issue of the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Measuring fetal oxygen does not reduce Caesarean rate, researchers find
Measuring the amount of oxygen in the blood of a fetus during labor has no bearing on whether a Caesarean section is performed and does not affect the health of the newborn baby, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found in a multicenter study.

The 'Freakonomics of food'
New research, in

Sleep problems in overweight children appear fairly common
One-fourth of overweight children may have sleep problems that regular physical activity can largely resolve, researchers say.

Genetic variation: We're more different than we thought
New research shows that at least 10 percent of genes in the human population can vary in the number of copies of DNA sequences they contain -- a finding that alters current thinking that the DNA of any two humans is 99.9 percent similar in content and identity.

Suffering from chronic constipation?
New research has found that a new medication, tegaserod, is effective in treating nearly all symptoms associated with chronic constipation, a common disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that affects approximately 15 percent of the Western population at any one time. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to