Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 27, 2006
Springer launches new journal, Cognitive Neurodynamics
A new journal in the biomedical sciences, Cognitive Neurodynamics, will be launched by Springer in 2007.

Unless we tackle AIDS, many countries will not meet the Millennium Development Goals
HIV/AIDS will make it difficult, if not impossible, for many countries to reach the 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), according to a new analysis by researchers published to coincide with World AIDS Day on December 1, 2006.

Parkinson disease can lead to errors on driving test
People with Parkinson disease were more likely to make more safety mistakes during a driving test than people with no neurological disorders, according to a study published in the Nov.

3-D X-ray images of nanoparticles
A new X-ray microscope can look at nanomaterials in three dimensions.

National plan to ensure disaster medicine training is funded
A national plan to ensure disaster medicine training meets the needs of everyone working the front lines is underway, say recipients of a federal grant to fund the initiative.

Flu can bide time in icy limbo before re-emerging, BGSU biologist states
It sounds like the stuff of a campy '50s horror movie (

Study of language use in children suggests sex influences how brain processes words
Boys and girls tend to use different parts of their brains to process some basic aspects of grammar, according to the first study of its kind, suggesting that sex is an important factor in the acquisition and use of language.

Springer author wins Innovation Award for 'Light Microscopy with Unprecedented Resolution'
This year's 10th German Innovation Award goes to the Göttingen-based scientist Professor Stefan W.

Oxford University and Blackwell Publishing launch new Economics Journal
Blackwell Publishing, the world's leading society publisher, today announced the forthcoming launch of Oxonomics: Oxford University Economic Studies.

Integral catches a new erupting black hole
ESA's gamma-ray observatory, Integral, has spotted a rare kind of gamma-ray outburst.

3-D computer models aid research of Earth's core
The work of a University of Alaska Fairbanks post-doctoral fellow will be included in an article appearing in the upcoming issue of the journal, Science.

Radiologists attempt to solve mystery of Tut's demise
Egyptian radiologists who performed the first-ever computed tomography (CT) evaluation of King Tutankhamun's mummy believe they have solved the mystery of how the ancient pharaoh died.

Pure carbon nanotubes pass first in vivo test
Researchers at Rice University and The University of Texas M.

FSU chemist Brüschweiler awarded prestigious honor
A Florida State University professor of chemistry and biochemistry in Tallahassee, Fla., Rafael P.

Heart attack-related depression puts patients at risk for further cardiovascular emergencies
People who experience their first-ever bout of depression after having a heart attack are at greater risk for future heart problems than are patients who either don't become clinically depressed after the medical emergency or who were depressed even before the incident, new research shows.

Fragmentation rapidly erodes Amazonian biodiversity
An international research team has discovered that forest fragmentation poses an even greater threat to Amazonian biodiversity than previously thought.

Astronomers find first ever gamma ray clock
Astronomers using the H.E.S.S. telescopes have discovered the first ever modulated signal from space in Very High Energy Gamma Rays -- the most energetic such signal ever observed.

Australian researchers win $2 million
Two young researchers have each been awarded $1 million in funding for biomedical research in Australia.

Biocontrol of wavyleaf thistle being studied in Texas
Wavy leaf thistle was difficult to find along Panhandle highways five years ago.

AECL signs agreement with Argentina on expanded CANDU program
The Honorable Gary Lunn, minister of Natural Resources, announced today that AECL (Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd.) has signed an agreement with Nucleoeléctrica Argentina S.A. that will advance co-operation in Canadian-developed CANDU nuclear power.

Researchers use computed tomography to study effects of fat around the heart
With a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine are exploring whether fat stored around the heart accelerates the development of atherosclerosis.

Bio-inspired assembly of nanoparticle building blocks
Rice University chemists have discovered how to assemble gold and silver nanoparticle building blocks into larger structures based on a novel method that harkens back to one of nature's oldest known chemical innovations -- the self-assembly of lipid membranes that surround all living cells.

Tobacco companies admit their products cause cancer, but not in those who sue them
Despite publicly admitting, to varying degrees, that cigarette smoking causes cancer, the industry has consistently dismissed these claims for people who have sued them, reveals an analysis of recent lawsuits, published in a supplement to Tobacco Control.

Pregnant smokers may 'program' their kids to become smokers
Pregnant smokers may

Complex order parameter in ruthenate superconductors confirmed
Since it was discovered to be superconducting over a decade ago, the pairing symmetry of strontium ruthenium oxide has been widely explored and debated.

Halving daily cigarette quota has no health benefit
Halving the number of cigarettes smoked every day in the belief that it will stave off an early death makes no difference, suggests research in Tobacco Control.

Fingerprint technology pioneered in Leicester -- to identify the dead
Technology developed for roadside fingerprints using hand-held devices -- announced in the media this month -- has also been pioneered in identifying the dead, it has been revealed.

MRI helps identify older athletes at risk for heart attack
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of healthy marathon runners over age 50 showed that cardiovascular disease occurs among seemingly healthy endurance athletes and may be difficult to distinguish from the effects of training the heart muscle.

AGU journal highlights -- Nov. 27, 2006
In this issue: Melting the Snowball Earth; Seismic wave speed in the lower mantle; Water in Saturn's ionosphere; Mapping the boundaries between water currents using seismic reflection; Landslide at Mt.

A human taste for rarity spells disaster for endangered species
A model shows how the value that humans place on rarity fuels disproportionate exploitation of rare species, rendering them even rarer and thus more desirable, ultimately leading them into a vortex of extinction.

NYU, Scripps finding offers new path for treatment of diabetes
Researchers at New York University and the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new enzyme, GAPDH, which regulates insulin pathways -- a finding that offers a new direction for the treatment of diabetes.

UNC scientists solve mystery of how largest cellular motor protein powers movement
Scientists now understand how an important protein converts chemical energy to mechanical force, thus powering the process of cell division, thanks to a new structural model by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers.

The turbidity of wine has an influence on the aroma of the ferment
The turbidity of red wine during its ageing in oak casks has an influence on the accumulation of volatile compounds and, thereby, on the wine's aroma, but not on the accumulation of biogenic amines.

Detecting explosives with honeybees
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a method for training the common honey bee to detect the explosives used in bombs.

Statins reduce risk of heart attack and stroke in those without heart disease
Among individuals without cardiovascular disease, taking statins regularly may reduce the risk of major heart and cerebrovascular events such as heart attack and stroke but not coronary heart disease or overall death, according to a meta-analysis of previously published studies, reported in the November 27 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Jefferson scientists find aging gene also protects against prostate cancer development
Cancer researchers have found that a gene that is involved in regulating aging also blocks prostate cancer cell growth.

Causes of global death and disease in the next 25 years
In 1993, the World Bank sponsored the 1990 Global Burden of Disease study carried out by researchers at Harvard University and the World Health Organization.

Weight cycling associated with increased risk for gallstones among men
Intentionally losing weight and then regaining it may increase men's risk for gallstones later in life, according to a report in the November 27 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New breast CT scanner rivals mammography
At the Radiological Society of North America meeting in Chicago on November 27, researchers will unveil a new imaging system developed at the University of Rochester that showed in a pilot study it could capture images equal to or, in a few cases, better than mammography.

Humpback whales have brain cells also found in humans
A new study compared a humpback whale brain with brains from several other cetacean species and found the presence of a certain type of neuron cell that is also found in humans.

Prominent researchers advocate creation of national climate service
It's time for the United States to have a national climate service -- an interagency partnership led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and charged with understanding climate dynamics, forecasts and impacts -- say six members of the University of Washington's Climate Impacts Group.

Overweight young women have reduced risk of developing breast cancer before menopause
A higher body mass index (BMI), especially in early adulthood, may be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer before menopause, according to an article in the November 27 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Ecstasy can harm the brains of first-time users
Researchers have discovered that even a small amount of MDMA, better known as ecstasy, can be harmful to the brain, according to the first study to look at the neurotoxic effects of low doses of the recreational drug in new ecstasy users.

Rote learning improves memory in seniors
A new study offers older adults a simple way to combat memory loss: memorization.

Quest for better breast cancer drugs
Breast cancer sufferers could eventually benefit from high-tuned, tailor-made drug treatments that minimize side effects as a result of a joint initiative between computer scientists in Edinburgh and cellular biologists in Japan.

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Nov. 22, 2006
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 35 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Human testis harbors HIV-1 in resident immune cells
Researchers have demonstrated HIV replication within resident immune cells of the testis, providing an explanation for the persistence of virus in semen even after effective highly active antiretroviral therapy.

Chemotherapy temporarily affects the structures of the human brain
Researchers have linked chemotherapy with short-term structural changes in cognitive areas of the brain, according to a new study.

A giant among minnows: Giant danio can keep growing
Two fish that share much in common genetically appear to have markedly different abilities to grow, a finding that could provide a new way to research such disparate areas as muscle wasting disease and fish farming.

Signaling for cartilage
Skeletal progenitor cells differentiate into cartilage cells when one master gene actually suppresses the action of another.

Cloning techniques produce FDA-approved antibiotic
The successful synthesis of an antibiotic in a non-native host has provided a team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with the potential for developing new treatments for bacterial infections.

Case Western Reserve University study examines changing roles, emotions in caregiving
The early stages when a spouse or an adult child becomes a caregiver for someone with Alzheimer's disease or another type of progressive dementia is fraught with a tug-of-war of emotions from resentment to protectiveness, according to a new study from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University.

Seniors more at risk for complications, death from large scale weight-loss surgery
The first large-scale review of weight-loss surgeries performed on older adults suggests bariatric procedures should generally be limited to people younger than age 65, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Prenatal alcohol exposure appears to increase an infant's stress response
little is known about the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on stress systems in infants.

Big bias in who gets screened for breast cancer
Certain women may miss out on routine tests that screen for early signs of breast cancer.

Octogenarians are not too old for cancer surgery
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center researchers have found that a radical prostatectomy can be a viable option for select octogenarian patients.

Elasticity imaging identifies cancers and reduces breast biopsies
A new ultrasound technique allows radiologists to accurately distinguish benign from malignant breast lesions.

Aching back? Sitting up straight could be the culprit
Researchers are using a new form of magnetic resonance imaging to show that sitting in an upright position places unnecessary strain on your back, leading to potentially chronic pain problems if you spend long hours sitting.

Long-term cancer risk follows stem cell transplant recipients
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients face a significant long-term risk for developing a second cancer, particularly if they were older at the time of transplant or received stem cells from a female donor, according to a new study.

Perennial wheat research looks at options for producers
Perinneal wheat? The possibility is being looked at by a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher.

Improved understanding of new malaria treatment
The following articles are in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: Improved understanding of new malaria treatment; and Potential new drug in war against tuberculosis.

60 percent of doctors' surgeries prescribe homeopathic or herbal remedies
Sixty percent of Scottish doctors' surgeries prescribe homeopathic remedies according to a study of nearly two million patients.

BIDMC expands geriatrics training
By the year 2030, the number of individuals over age 65 is expected to reach 70 million.

Tales of the unexpected
When you sit down to watch a DVD of your favorite film, the chances are you are able to predict the exact sequence of events that is about to unfold.

'Inverse planning' system improves brachytherapy treatment for prostate and other cancers
A California medical software company has launched the first

Society of Interventional Radiology selects Elsevier as new publisher of official journal
Elsevier is pleased to announce that, as of January 1, 2007, it will become the publisher of the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, the official journal of the Society of Interventional Radiology.

Dryland Agriculture book takes a world view
Growing competition for diminishing fresh water supplies worldwide, coupled with an expanding population, will drive demand for improved dryland agriculture technology, said a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher.

Smarter inventory control of spare parts can result in savings of 50 percent
Smarter storage of spare parts is now possible thanks to a new inventory model that ensures the integration of inventory control for all parts in stock at several warehouses.

Researchers discover treatment for spinal cord injury pain
Spinal cord injury patients with moderate to severe nerve pain experienced less pain and in some cases no pain while taking the drug pregabalin, according to a study published in the Nov.
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