Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 29, 2006
UGA researchers to study link between teacher professional development, student achievement
Three University of Georgia education researchers will study how mathematics teachers understand professional development, how that impacts their understanding of mathematics and what difference that makes to student learning.

UCSF study will test new vaginal microbicide for herpes and HIV
A team of researchers at UCSF is seeking young women to participate in the first US study of the safety of a new a vaginal gel designed to prevent herpes and HIV infection.

Sandia research to focus on early detection of harmful algal blooms
Sandia researchers Todd Lane and Victoria VanderNoot have been awarded a research grant to develop a technology that can successfully detect deadly toxins from harmful algal blooms.

The impact of immunosuppressive medications on cardiovascular events in RA patients
Researchers at Harvard Medical School's Brigham and Women's Hospital compared the effects of a variety of immunosuppressive agents on cardiovascular events in a large sample of RA patients.

Indoor emissions from household coal combustion carcinogenic
Indoor emissions from household combustion of coal are carcinogenic to humans, concludes an International Agency for Research on Cancer Monographs Working Group after a thorough review of the published scientific evidence.

NJIT women scientists and engineers use new information technologies to tackle isolation on campus
Integrating new location-aware computer networks with old-fashioned human networks, researchers at the New Jersey Institute of Technology have developed an innovative solution to the problem of isolation that faces women in the academic science and engineering workforce.

Evidence from Hawaiian volcanoes shows that Earth recycles its crust
Rutgers University geological sciences professor Claude Herzberg offers new evidence that parts of the Earth's crust that long ago dove hundreds or thousands of kilometers into the Earth's interior have resurfaced in the hot lava flow of Hawaiian volcanoes.

Winners of the second Embrace Journalism Award for reporting on urinary incontinence are announced
Journalists from the Netherlands and Germany have been recognized as winners of the second Embrace Journalism Award.

Illicit cosmetic silicone injections carry lethal consequences
Liquid silicone, which is often used for breast augmentation and other cosmetic procedures, can cause respiratory failure if not injected properly by a licensed physician.

University of Alberta researchers discover hummingbird secret
University of Alberta researchers have pinpointed a section in the tiny hummingbird's brain that may be responsible for its unique ability to stay stationary mid-air and hover.

Go to church and breathe easier
Going to church might help you breathe easier. A new study by Temple University's Joanna Maselko, Sc.D., found that religious activity may protect and maintain pulmonary health in the elderly.

New journal focuses on lifestyle health
With more and more Americans battling maladies such as allergies, anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and weight management issues, it's clear that everything we do -- from what we eat to how much exercise and sleep we get -- directly impacts our health.

Study finds many patients don't understand prescription medicine labels
Many people don't fully understand the seemingly simple label instructions on their prescription medication, according to a Northwestern University study of low-income patients.

Low impact aerobic exercise reduces fatigue in auto-immune conditions says multi-study review
People with auto-immune conditions like MS, arthritis and lupus can benefit from low impact aerobic exercise -- including walking and cycling -- that increases in intensity, duration and frequency.

Rosetta warms up for Mars swing-by
This month the team working on ESA's Rosetta mission have been particularly busy.

Save the whales? Sure, but how many?
In a new paper appearing in the journal Bioscience, the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society examines the current hodgepodge of population target levels (PTLs) being used by wildlife managers, and proposes a simpler, four-tiered system to measure conservation success.

Mystery of ancient astronomical calculator unveiled
An international team has unravelled the secrets of a 2,000-year-old computer which could transform the way we think about the ancient world.

Second opinion yields treatment changes for half of patients
More than half of breast cancer patients who sought a second opinion from a multidisciplinary tumor board received a change in their recommended treatment plan, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

ResearchChannel expands delivery for its extensive online video library
ResearchChannel, the consortium of world-class universities and research institutions that provides audiences with the latest research developments and scientific thinking on a broad range of vital, contemporary subjects, announced today that it has entered into a relationship with Google Video, the first video marketplace where users can watch, share, buy or rent a wide range of video content.

Breast cancer treatment procedure gives women more options
A new minimally invasive approach to partial breast irradiation provides another treatment option for women with breast cancer.

Program to freeze women's ovaries to preserve fertility after cancer
Northwestern University is launching an experimental program for young women who may be at risk to lose their ovarian function and fertility following treatment for cancer.

Chemotherapy can be more toxic to brain cells than to cancer cells and may cause brain damage
Drugs used to treat cancer may damage normal, healthy brain cells more than the cancer cells they are meant to target.

Survival of many developing country universities at risk, UNU expert warns
The survival of many developing country universities, especially in Africa, is at risk if they are not quickly strengthened and geared to help address regional development problems through research, warns the head of advanced studies at the United Nations University.

Protective garment
To make breathable rubber, Douglas Gin of the University of Colorado, Brian Elliott at TDA Research Inc.

New therapeutic hope for degenerative disc disease
For some domestic mammals, including sheep, goats and dogs, the occurrence of degenerative disc disease is extremely rare.

Many IRB members have financial relationships with companies
More than one-third of the members of Institutional Review Boards at academic medical centers have financial relationships with commercial firms.

Parental genes do what's best for baby
A molecular

Cell death following blood 'reflow' injury tracked to natural toxin
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have discovered what they believe is the

Protein shown to rally biological clock
A biologist at Washington University in St. Louis and his collaborators have identified the factor in mammalian brain cells that keeps cells in synchrony so that functions like the wake-sleep cycle, hormone secretion and loco motor behaviors are coordinated daily over a 24-hour period.

Mystery solved
Answering a question that has lingered for centuries, a team of scientists has proved that chemicals used to treat the wood used in Stradivarius and Guarneri violins are the reasons for the distinct sound produced by the world-famous instruments.

Hypnosis helps women cope with breast biopsy
Radiologists are using an unusual approach, hypnosis, to ease patient pain and anxiety during breast biopsy procedures.

Common cancer treatments toxic to healthy brain cells
Common drugs used to treat cancer may be more harmful to healthy brain cells than the cancer cells that they are intended to destroy, according to a new study.

First international gene screen for typical ALS is on track
The largest-scale search for genes that underlie sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the most common form of the disease, has crossed its first hurdle with the successful compiling of genetic information on more than 1,000 patients and controls.

Leading Montreal neurobiologist to receive Barbara Turnbull Award for spinal cord research
The Barbara Turnbull Foundation, NeuroScience Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research will award the 2006 Barbara Turnbull Award for Spinal Cord Research to Dr.

Got inexpensive contrast agent? Milk plays new role in imaging
In a new twist on the slogan

High dopamine transporter levels not correlated with ADHD
Results from a brain-imaging study indicate that levels of a brain protein proposed as a diagnostic marker for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are not positively correlated with the disease.

Top scientists meet for Global Conference on Stem Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Diseases
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) brings experts to New York City from around the world for the Third Annual International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Diseases.

International HIV/AIDS trial finds risks increase on episodic antiretroviral therapy
Results from one of the largest HIV/AIDS treatment trials ever conducted show that a specific strategy of interrupting antiretroviral therapy more than doubles the risk of AIDS or death from any cause.

Drug labels are prescriptions for mistakes
A new study to assess understanding of five common prescription label instructions found that patients had difficulty comprehending how much and how often the medication should be taken.

RAND study says many Louisiana students displaced by hurricanes may suffer academically
Many of the approximately 200,000 Louisiana students displaced from their public schools by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita may experience long-term academic problems, according to a RAND Corp. study issued today.

Fortified milk reduces morbidity in preschool children
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Center for Micronutrient Research at Annamalai University in India report that the consumption of milk fortified with specific micronutrients -- zinc, iron, selenium, copper, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E -- significantly reduces diarrhea and acute lower respiratory illness among children in developing countries.

Scientists work to identify genes that contribute to early heart attack risk
Scientists at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues at four other medical centers have launched a $10 million multi-year study to identify genes that may contribute to early atherosclerosis.

What cures your aches might prevent cancer
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center has begun three clinical studies looking at the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to prevent cancer -- colon, esophageal or lung.

New studies on Alzheimer's, autism, nicotine addiction and depression highlight annual meeting
The 2006 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology annual meeting will feature hundreds of new studies on brain and behavior from the world's leading scientists.

$1.3 million grant to create teacher-training, language program
The applied linguistics program at the University of Alaska Fairbanks recently received a three-year, $1.3-million federal grant to support a project that will offer K-12 teachers in Southwest Alaska graduate-level training in second-language acquisition.

IEEE-USA approves 2007 Engineering Public-Awareness Program
As part of its ongoing effort to enhance the image of engineers in the United States, IEEE-USA volunteer leaders have endorsed a 2007 IEEE-USA public-awareness program that reaches out to youngsters, adults and the public at large.

Measuring pandemic preparedness
The federal plan to vaccinate hospital health-care workers against a threat of smallpox fell short on several levels according to a new Temple University study.
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