Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 15, 2006
Molecular Solomon's knot
A team of researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles (USA), and Nottingham Trent University (UK) led by J.

Study explains how NSAIDs halt cancer growth
Scientists have discovered that induction of a gene known as MDA-7/IL-24 is the molecular mechanism that enables nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to halt the growth of cancer cells, a finding that could eventually lead to the development of targeted cancer treatments.

Darunavir with FUZEON provides HIV patients a better chance to reach undetectable viral load
Imminent arrival of latest HIV drug darunavir, when combined with FUZEON, will give treatment-experienced patients a better chance to achieve undetectable viral load.

CERN confident of LHC start-up in 2007
Delegates attending the 140th meeting of CERN Council today heard a confident report from the laboratory about the scheduled start-up of the world's highest energy particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collier, in 2007.

Incontinence sufferers have lower quality of life
An article published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology highlights the ongoing debate over whether testing is necessary prior to diagnosis and treatment of patients with fecal incontinence (FI), the involuntary discharge of bowel contents.

Certain types of cancer becoming more common, while rates of others decreasing
Nation-wide statistics indicate that while some types of cancer are occurring less frequently, the rates of others are still surging upward.

Overconfidence leads to bias in climate change estimations
Just as overconfidence in a teenager may lead to unwise acts, overconfidence in projections of climate change may lead to inappropriate actions on the parts of governments, industries and individuals, according to an international team of climate researchers.

UCLA Family Medicine Department receives $300,000 from Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
The UCLA Department of Family Medicine, under the direction of principal investigator Michael A.

Wiley-VCH acquires Lipid Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA announced today that it has acquired publishing assets from PJ Barnes & Associates and will assume publishing for the international news and review journal Lipid Technology as of January 2007.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2006
The following story ideas come from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

UAB researchers assess psychopathological symptoms in pre-school children
The Unit of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, part of the UAB Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, is undertaking pioneer research in Catalonia on the prevention and detection of emotional and behavioural disorders among children between the ages of three and six.

Linchpin discovered in insulin metabolism
Scientists at the University of Bonn have identified a new gene which could play an important role in the development of diabetes.

Researchers devise safer way to dose life-saving heart drug
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have taken the dangerous guesswork out of dosing a life-saving medication for congestive heart failure.

Researchers find two biomarkers with potential to predict breast cancer spread
Expression of two different proteins taken from primary tumor biopsies is highly associated with spread of breast cancer to nearby lymph nodes, according to researchers who say this protein profile could help identify at an early stage those patients whose disease is likely to metastasize.

'Clumping' protein linked to return of ovarian cancer
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered that women treated for ovarian cancer are at increased risk of a rapid and potentially fatal recurrence if their tumor cells have high levels of a binding protein that triggers abnormal growth and slows down cell death, both hallmarks of malignancy.

Common cold virus leads to death in lung transplant patients
Human rhinovirus (HRV), the leading cause of most common colds, struck two immunosuppressed lung transplant patients, leading to progressive respiratory failure, graft dysfunction and death.

Researchers barcode DNA of Venice museum's vast fungi collection
UC Berkeley researchers are partnering with the Venice Museum of Natural History to build an unprecedented DNA database of its vast fungi collection.

ESA mission controllers react to solar flare
An energetic storm on the Sun has forced ESA mission controllers to react to anomalies or take action to avoid damage to spacecraft.

Pair of microRNA molecules controls major oncogene in most common leukemia
Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered that two microRNA (miRNA) molecules help control the oncogene responsible for a dangerous form of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), the most common human leukemia in the world.

New study demonstrates efficacy of Pfizer's Aromasin for early breast cancer
New data from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) B-33 study, presented today at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, showed that postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer who received Aromasin after five years of tamoxifen were 56 percent less likely to have a relapse of breast cancer than those who received placebo.

New report highlights aromatase inhibitor side effects
Breast Cancer Action released a report today, in conjunction with a poster presentation at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract #3131), on the side effects of aromatase inhibitors.

Your buddy in the sky -- New system will improve interaction between autopilots and pilots
A prototype flight computer has been designed and evaluated which will improve the interaction between an aircraft's autopilot and pilot.

ESRF helps reveal the origin of the Solar System
Particles returned to Earth last January by the Stardust spacecraft from comet Wild two are yielding precious information about the origin of the solar system, thanks to the X-rays produced at several of the world's synchrotron facilities, including the ESRF.

Fluid displacement from legs to neck can lead to obstructive sleep apnea
When a person lies down, a small amount of fluid displaced from the legs to the base of the neck can narrow soft tissue around the throat and increase airflow resistance in the pharynx by more than 100 percent, predisposing the person to obstructive sleep apnea.

Underground air might cause DNA damage
Our everyday environments are full of airborne particles that are harmful to varying degrees when inhaled.

Young women unfamiliar with safety, effectiveness of IUD
The IUD might be one of the best-kept birth control secrets for young women, according to researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

IEEE-USA launches critical infrastructure protection committee
Citing a need to foster and assist policy initiatives related to critical infrastructure security needs, IEEE-USA will launch a Critical Infrastructure Protection Committee in January.

UVA receives training grant for new kidney disease researchers
Dr. Mark Okusa was recently awarded a 5-year, $583,000 NIH training grant on behalf of the University of Virginia Health System Division of Nephrology to train the next generation of investigators in kidney disease research.

Researchers show surprising interaction between genes, gender and hypertension
In surprising results, a study of more than 1,200 patients with extremely low or high blood pressure by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine showed that the influence of genes on blood pressure may vary based on gender.

New hope for wrinkles
A new anti-aging ingredient developed by Australian researchers is expected to be available in skin products next year.

CellSearch System cleared for monitoring metastatic breast cancer
Veridex, a Johnson & Johnson company, today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration has granted an expanded clearance for the CellSearch System to be used as an aid in the monitoring of metastatic breast cancer.

NJIT solar physicist says weak sun produces record solar outburst
A solar outburst, which can play havoc with global positioning systems and cell phone reception, bombarded Earth, Dec.

SSSS presented its Kinsey Award to Rutgers College of Nursing's Beverly Whipple
The Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality (SSSS) presented its Kinsey award to Rutgers College of Nursing emerita faculty member Beverly Whipple during its 49th annual meeting in Las Vegas November 11, 2006.

UCLA senior wins Britain's prestigious Marshall Scholarship
UCLA senior William Thomas Clarke has won a prestigious Marshall Scholarship, which will fund two years of graduate study at England's University of Oxford.

Drug treatment slows macular vision loss in diabetics
A drug commonly used to slow the loss of central vision has shown promise in stemming a common precursor of blindness in diabetics, which involves the same central light-sensitive area of retina, Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute scientists report.

Authors address the present and future of clinical psychology
Experts in a variety of psychological disciplines have authored articles addressing the present and future of clinical psychology.

Options improving for patients with acromegaly and gigantism, says endocrinology expert
Scientific, technological and medical advances made in the past two decades are leading to more definitive diagnoses, earlier and more effective treatment options and better outcomes for patients suffering from a condition called acromegaly, according to an article published in today's issue of the New England Journal of Medicine and authored by a specialist in endocrinology at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.

Many children discontinuing use of ADHD medication
Social stigma and feeling lifeless and/or alienated from one's peers are some of the reasons why children and adolescents stop taking prescription stimulant medications used to treat attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study published in the Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing.
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