Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 18, 2006
This party doesn't start until the hosts arrive
Disease-causing organisms can be present in some areas where their hosts are not.

Henry Ford health system: New and strict vendor policies begin Jan. 1
Beginning Jan. 1, 2007, Henry Ford Health System will implement a series of strict and unique policies -- including the nation's first certification of vendors for medical facilities -- aimed at eliminating potential conflict of interest between relationships with vendors and employees.

Anchovy fishing continues to be in a risk situation
The preliminary results of the JUVENA06 scientific campaign, undertaken by AZTI-Tecnalia over the months of September and October 2006 and financed jointly by the Basque Government's Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Maritime Fisheries General Secretariat at the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, showed that the numbers of new-generation anchovies born last Spring have been insufficient for the recovery of the population.

Tiny device enables wide range of study at liquid-liquid interface
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis are putting a different kind of

Low to moderate blood alcohol level linked to reduced mortality following traumatic head injury
Patients who have low to moderate blood alcohol levels may be less likely to die after arriving at the hospital with a traumatic brain injury than those with no alcohol in their bloodstream, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Estrogen study provides new impetus for development of colon cancer drugs
Estrogen may hold important clues for scientists working on new therapies for colon cancer, a study by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers suggests.

2006 is banner year for discoveries of new species in Borneo's rainforests
Borneo continues to yield species new to science -- 52 this year alone.

Embryonic selection of sex avoids conceiving blind children
The Assisted Reproduction Unit at the Quirón Hospital in Donostia-San Sebastián has managed, for the first time in the Basque Country, to successfully carry out an embryonic sex selection in a woman who is a carrier of the disease Retinosis Pigmentaria, linked with the X chromosome -- in order to avoid giving birth to a male child.

Funding boost for QUT world-class banana research
A $5.1 million Queensland University of Technology research project, backed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, that aims to improve the health of East Africans will be stepped up thanks to a massive funding boost.

Dispel the top 10 myths about evolution
This meticulously researched myth-buster's handbook will dispel the ten most common misconceptions about evolutionary science.

Phototherapy for neonatal jaundice associated with increased risk of skin moles in childhood
Children who received light therapy (phototherapy) for jaundice as infants appear to have an increased risk of developing skin moles in childhood, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 13, 2006
The American Chemical Society News Service Weekly Press Package with reports from 35 major peer-reviewed journals on chemistry, health, medicine, energy, environment, food, nanotechnology and other hot topics.

Hyaluronate reverses skin atrophy
Results of a new study in PLoS Medicine provide the first indications that application of hyaluronate to atrophic skin might be useful therapeutically and suggest that clinical investigation is warranted.

Durable critters providing insight for human egg preservation
A tiny, six-legged critter that suspends all biological activity when the going gets tough may hold answers to a better way to cryopreserve human eggs, researchers say.

Another world first for Artemis: A laser link with an aircraft
Artemis, the European Space Agency Advanced Relay and Technology Mission Satellite, successfully relayed optical laser links from an aircraft in early December.

Professors to develop hand-held pathogen testing device
Testing for deadly food, air and water pathogens may get a lot easier and cheaper thanks to the work of a Michigan State University researcher and his team.

Pharmacists likely to play direct role in future diabetes management
Community pharmacists could soon be playing a more direct role in diabetes management following a new study at Brisbane's Wesley Research Institute funded by the MBF Foundation.

Reading Shakespeare has dramatic effect on human brain
Research at the University of Liverpool has found that Shakespearean language excites positive brain activity, adding further drama to the bard's plays and poetry

Study: Living coral reefs provide better protection from tsunami waves
Healthy coral reefs provide their adjacent coasts with substantially more protection from destructive tsunami waves than do unhealthy or dead reefs, a Princeton University study suggests.

Rutgers College of Nursing's Beverly Whipple co-authors 'The Science of Orgasm'
A Rutgers College of Nursing emerita faculty member has co-authored a book that explains, for the first time, the complex biological process behind orgasm.

NYU study shows those closer to World Trade Center have more vivid memories when recalling 9/11
Those close to the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, have, on average, more vivid memories of the terrorist attacks than do those who were in other parts of New York City on that day, according to a study by researchers at New York University.

Physicists explore Strange Matter Hypothesis
According to the

Olive oil emulsion helps with problem heart arteries
An emulsion of olive oil, egg yolk and glycerine might be just the recipe to keep heart patients away from the operating room and cardiac bypass surgery.

Involvement of the amygdala in systemic lupus erythematosus
The following includes further research articles to be published in PLoS Medicine.

Application of micro and nanotechnologies for the rapid detection of pesticides and pathogens
Being involved as it is in the field of micro and nanotechnologies, AZTI-Tecnalia is currently taking part in the validation of microsystems for their application in foodstuffs, collaborating in the development of improvements in the

A new male-specific gene in algae unveils an origin of male and female
By studying the genetics of two closely related species of green algae that practice different forms of sexual reproduction, researchers have shed light on one route by which evolution gave rise to reproduction though the joining of distinct sperm and egg cells.

Herbal supplement fails to relieve hot flashes in large NIH trial
The herbal supplement black cohosh, whether used alone or with other botanical supplements, did not relieve hot flashes in postmenopausal women or those approaching menopause, who participated in the Herbal Alternatives (HALT) for Menopause Study, according to results from the clinical trial.

Nanomaterials vulnerable to dispersal in natural environment
Laboratory experiments with a type of nanomaterial that has great promise for industrial use show significant potential for dispersal in aquatic environments -- especially when natural organic materials are present, according to research led by the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Fish species plays surprise role in aiding coral reef recovery
In a study that marks progress in understanding the basis of coral reef recovery, researchers have revealed the critical importance of a rare batfish, Platax pinnatus, in promoting the return to health of a disturbed coral reef overgrown with algae.

HIV patients have increased risk of pneumonia, death following surgery
HIV-infected patients undergoing surgical procedures may be more likely to develop pneumonia after surgery and to die within 12 months than those without HIV, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Too mellow for our predatory world
Scientists examine flexibility in flight behavior in marine iguanas on the Galapagos Islands.

Researchers find biological clock for smell in mice
Biologists at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered a large biological clock in the smelling center of mice brains and have revealed that the sense of smell for mice is stronger at night, peaking in evening hours and waning during day light hours.

Software, evolution and micro-inversions -- improving the building of phylogenetic trees
Researchers will reconstruct the process of evolution, determine relationships between species and build phylogenetic trees with greater accuracy thanks to new method for identifying extremely short strings of inverted nucleotides called

MIT team reports new insights on animal dreams
Memories of our life stories may be reinforced while we sleep, MIT researchers report December 17 in the advance online edition of Nature Neuroscience.

High levels of blindness in southern Sudan following years of war
Surveys conducted in southern Sudan, after conflict there ended in 2004, found much higher levels of blindness than anticipated.

Pentecostals overtake Methodists in England
Pentecostals now outnumber Methodists at church services in England, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

'Home run' study on spread of disease published
A paper that authors are calling a

HALT study: Black cohosh no better than placebo for hot flashes
The results of the HALT study, a federally funded study to examine whether black cohosh is an effective treatment for hot flashes and night sweats -- common symptoms of menopause -- found that black cohosh was no better than a dummy pill.

Sniffers show that humans can track scents, and that two nostrils are better than one
Do animals use their two nostrils to locate scents in the same way they use two ears to locate sounds?

Malaria vaccine prompts victims' immune system to eliminate parasite from mosquitoes
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have developed an experimental vaccine that could, theoretically, eliminate malaria from entire geographic regions, by eradicating the malaria parasite from an area's mosquitoes.

Novel EGFR ectodomain mutations in glioblastoma
The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor, a so-called kinase protein, is often abnormally active in cancer.

Developing our brightest minds
Who will be the next Albert Einstein? The next Stephen Hawking?

Clinical factors of tinnitus influence perceived loudness and annoyance
Clinical characteristics of tinnitus such as duration, consistency and other factors influence the way individuals perceive loudness and annoyance associated with the condition, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

MIT implant could measure tumor growth, treatment
A tiny implant now being developed at MIT could one day help doctors rapidly monitor the growth of tumors and the progress of chemotherapy in cancer patients.

Virtual experiences can cause embellished, false memories
Although online virtual experiences may improve a consumer's knowledge of a product, the marketing tactic can backfire by creating a false sense of what the product's real capabilites are, says a University of Washington professor of marketing.

Study identifies characteristics of fast-growing skin cancers
Melanomas (skin cancers) are more likely to grow rapidly if they are thicker, symmetrical, elevated, have regular borders or have symptoms, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Stem cell activity deciphered in the aging brain
Neurobiologists have discovered why the aging brain produces progressively fewer new nerve cells in its learning and memory center.

Less sugary drinks during childhood may cut disease risk
Symptoms of heart disease and diabetes usually seen in adults are increasingly being found in adolescents according to a longitudinal study, which suggests that reducing the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages during childhood may lessen the risk of chronic disease in later life.

How to avoid a bat
Current understanding of the co-evolution of bats and moths has been thrown into question following new research reported today in Current Biology.

High-quality marriages help to calm nerves
A University of Virginia neuroscientist has found that women under stress who hold their husbands' hands show signs of immediate relief, which can clearly be seen on their brain scans.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Dec. 19, 2006, issue
The Annals of Internal Medicine Tip Sheet for Dec. 19, 2006, issue includes the following articles:

Unlocking the frozen secrets of comet Wild 2
Eleven months ago, NASA's Stardust mission touched down in the Utah desert with the first solid comet samples ever retrieved from space.

Black cohosh does not relieve menopausal hot flashes, Group Health researchers find
The herbal supplement black cohosh does not relieve hot flashes among women going through menopause.

Run amok enzyme causes same problems in both humans and fruit flies
An enzyme found at elevated levels in several human cancers has been linked to abnormal tumor growth in fruit flies, a discovery that provides a new model for understanding the link between stem cell biology and cancer, according to researchers at the University of Oregon.

CSIRO wins transfer of US WLAN court case
Federal court in California rules that patent cases against CSIRO should be heard by the court in the Eastern District of Texas, which is familiar with such cases.

To elude bats, a moth keeps its hearing in tune
It has been known for over 50 years that moths can hear the ultrasonic hunting calls of their nocturnal predator, the bat.
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