Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 04, 2007
Renegade RNA -- Clues to cancer and normal growth
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have discovered that a tiny piece of genetic code apparently goes where no bit of it has gone before, and it gets there under its own internal code.

York-Sichuan link to study biodiesel production
Biologists at the University of York have established new research links with Chinese scientists to investigate biodiesel -- a cleaner, more environmentally friendly alternative to petroleum.

New study challenges 'critical period' in childhood vision development
Early sensory stimulation may not be required for vision development.

New journal on the study of the liver to augment medical program
The Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver has chosen Springer as the publisher of its new journal, Hepatology International.

Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles
The conference is meant to present the current state of computational fluid-dynamics and experimental fluid-dynamics technology as they apply to the design of heavy vehicles, including trucks, buses and trains.

Nanofluids -- Fundamentals and Applications
The aim of this conference is to bring together, for the first time, scientists and engineers from around the world, who have diverse disciplines (chemistry, physics, materials science & engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, nuclear engineering etc.) and are working on nanofluids and related areas.

Inaugural Prometheus Prize awarded by Prometheus Books and the APA
The Prometheus Prize honors an individual whose work demonstrates cooperation between science and philosophy, and is known for breaking new ground in philosophy as it relates to the sciences.

Physicians face significant new liability risks with advent of personalized medicine era
Legal liability could dramatically hasten development of personalized medicine, according to a newly published article by genetics and law experts at the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law.

UGA study finds that social workers may indirectly experience post-traumatic stress
A first of its kind study by a researcher in the University of Georgia School of Social Work finds that repeatedly hearing the stories of trauma victims doubles the risk of social workers themselves experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder.

MGH Cancer Center researchers find new gene associated with Wilms tumor
Researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center have discovered a novel gene mutation associated with Wilms tumor, the most common pediatric kidney cancer.

Study: Age, gender major factors in severity of auto-accident injuries
Understanding the differences among drivers in different gender and age categories is crucial to preventing serious injuries, said researchers in a new study showing stark statistical differences in traffic-accident injuries depending on the gender and age of drivers.

UCLA's J. Fraser Stoddart adds Knight Bachelor to his list of honors
UCLA professor J. Fraser Stoddart, director of the California NanoSystems Institute, who holds UCLA's Fred Kavli Chair in Nanosystems Sciences, has been appointed Knight Bachelor for services to chemistry and molecular nanotechnology by Britain's Queen Elizabeth II.

Metamaterials found to work for visible light
For the first time ever, researchers at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have developed a material with a negative refractive index for visible light.

NeuroRx changes name to Neurotherapeutics
NeuroRx, the official journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, published by Elsevier, will be changing its name to Neurotherapeutics as of the January 2007 issue.

Over 200 million children under age 5 failing to reach their potential in cognitive development
More than 200 million children under 5 years fail to reach their potential in cognitive development because of poverty, poor health and nutrition, and deficient care, reveals the first paper in a three part Series on child development, which begins in this week's issue of the Lancet.

X-ray evidence supports possible new class of supernova
Evidence for a significant new class of supernova has been found with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton.

Dried distiller's grains can help produce more beef
Supplemental feeding of dried distiller's grains to cattle can help produce more beef in grazing programs, a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher said.

Radiation therapy combo cures prostate cancer long-term
Seventy-four percent of men treated with a combination of radiation seed implants and external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer are cured of their disease 15 years following their treatment, according to a study released today in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO.

Tech-check-tech
Regulation set to take effect tomorrow, Jan. 5, 2007, is designed to reduce medication errors in California hospitals and free pharmacists for greater involvement in direct patient care rather than in non-discretionary (clerical) tasks.

Feeling tired? You may be less likely to get hurt, MU researcher says
Sleepiness and sleep deprivation have long been associated with an increased risk of injury.

Chemistry of volcanic fallout reveals secrets of past eruptions
A team of American and French scientists has developed a method to determine the influence of past volcanic eruptions on climate and the chemistry of the upper atmosphere, and significantly reduce uncertainty in models of future climate change.

NIH awards nearly $11.5 million to support science education programs
The National Center for Research Resources, a part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced it will provide nearly $11.5 million to fund 11 Science Education Partnership Awards across the nation.

Repetitive motion speeds nanoparticle uptake
Newly published research by Rice University chemists and North Carolina State University toxicologists finds that repetitive movement can speed the uptake of nanoparticles through the skin.

Mental health risks vary within the US black population
The longer black Caribbean immigrants stay in the US, the poorer their mental health becomes.

Long-term data on safety and effectiveness of antiobesity drugs needed
Data on the long-term effects of antiobesity drugs is needed so doctors can be confident that their benefits outweigh their risks, state the authors of a New Drug Class article in this week's issue of the Lancet.

Risk factors for diabetes following liver transplant
A new study on risk factors of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) following liver transplant found that a history of obesity, impaired fasting glucose and hepatitis C infection (HCV) paired with the use of a particular immunosuppressant are associated with an increased risk of NODM.

Youth are receiving shorter inpatient stays for mental health treatment
In the most comprehensive study of its kind, researchers have found that the inpatient length of stay for youth with mental illness fell more than sixty percent between 1990 and 2000, despite concurrent increases in illness severity and self-harm, and declining transfers to intermediate and inpatient care within the same population.

Herceptin improves early survival for women with breast cancer
Giving women with a certain type of breast cancer Herceptin for one year following standard chemotherapy may improve their survival, according to an Article in this week's issue of the Lancet.

In-shell vaccine for chick disease
Infectious bronchitis virus causes devastating losses to the poultry industry but scientists are now developing a new way to vaccinate chicks against the disease -- one that can be delivered while they are still in their egg.

Anthrax attack posed greater potential threat than thought
A new study shows that more people were at risk of anthrax infection in the Oct.

Mayo Clinic shows adding activity to video games fights obesity
If playing video games makes kids less active -- and contributes to obesity -- why not create more video games that require activity?

National Academy of Engineering announces Engineering Honors of 2007
The engineering profession's highest honors for 2007, presented by the National Academies' National Academy of Engineering, recognize three achievements that have revolutionized how people use information, opened new frontiers of medical research, and guided promising engineers into leadership roles.

How fish species suffer as a result of warmer waters
In order to estimate future changes, it is essential to develop a deeper understanding of the effect of water temperature on the biology of organisms under question.

A bumpy shift from ice house to greenhouse
The transition from an ice age to an ice-free planet 300 million years ago was highly unstable, marked by dips and rises in carbon dioxide, extreme swings in climate and drastic effects on tropical vegetation, according to a new study.

Should smokers be refused surgery?
Last year a primary care trust announced it would take smokers off waiting lists for surgery in an attempt to contain costs.

Improved neonatal care has helped reduce prevalence of cerebral palsy in premature babies
Premature babies have a better chance of survival without severe neurological impairment than in they did in the early 80s, according to an Article in this week's issue of the Lancet.
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