Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 24, 2007
Topical anaesthetic spray delays ejaculation by five times as long says new study
Fifty-four couples took part in a study to test a new spray for premature ejaculation.

Canadian researchers first to complete the human metabolome
Researchers at the University of Alberta, in Edmonton, Canada, have announced the completion of the first draft of the human metabolome, the chemical equivalent of the human genome.

NASA helps space telescope camera 'squint' for a better view of galaxies
NASA engineers and scientists have created something that will give better information about far away galaxies.

Theoretical physicists develop test for string theory
For decades, many scientists have criticized string theory, pointing out that it does not make predictions by which it can be tested.

Calculated risk
A simple blood test may be able to identify those most at risk for developing head and neck cancer as a result of smoking.

Study provides first genetic evidence of long-lived African presence within Britain
New research has identified the first genetic evidence of Africans having lived amongst

A recently licensed nicotine receptor stimulant trebles the odds of stopping smoking
Two Cochrane Reviews to be published this week in the Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 1, report on smoking cessation.

Newly discovered fish named after New York aquarium biologist
An ichthyologist from the Wildlife Conservation Society's New York Aquarium received the ultimate honor recently, when a freshwater fish discovered on the African island nation of Madagascar was named after him.

Rutgers College of Nursing dean authors a book on genetics and how it affects nursing and health
Felissa R. Lashley, dean and professor at the College of Nursing at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, has authored a book for nursing students, faculty and practicing nurses on genetics and how it affects nursing and health.

NSF's math and science partnerships demonstrate continued increases in student proficiency
An analysis of 123 schools participating in the National Science Foundation Math and Science Partnership program shows improvements in student proficiency in mathematics and science at the elementary, middle- and high-school levels over a three-year period.

New study: Mexican political polarization limited to elites despite contested 2006 election
New research by political scientists challenges the belief, widespread following the hotly contested 2006 presidential election, that Mexican society is divided by deep political divisions.

Weizmann Institute scientists develop the first molecular keypad lock
Keypad locks, such as those for preventing auto theft, allow an action to take place only when the right password is entered.

Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry
This conference will emphasize fluid transport and various aspects of heat transport in porous media in a wide range of applications such as: thermal insulation engineering, water movements in geothermal reservoirs, heat pipes, underground spreading of chemical waste, geothermal engineering, grain storage, enhanced recovery in petroleum reservoirs, chemical catalytic reactors, packed cryogenic microsphere insulation, direct contact heat exchangers, coal combustors, nuclear waste repositories and heat pipe technology.

The sun may have a dimmer switch
The sun may have a dimmer switch at its core that causes its brightness to oscillate in timescales of around 100,000 years -- exactly the same period between ice ages on Earth -- according to a physicist from Virginia who has modeled the effect of temperature fluctuations at the sun's interior.

RAND study of Los Angeles County neighborhoods and their impact on children enters second phase
Researchers are knocking on doors across Los Angeles County asking families to take part in the latest phase of a RAND Corp. study that is examining the impact neighborhoods have on children and families.

Corot sees first light!
In the night between Jan. 17 and 18, 2007, the protective cover of the Corot telescope has been successfully opened, and Corot has seen for the first time light coming from stars.

New research is first to explore regional differences in US serial killings
Did you know that people living in the Western region of the United States are more likely to become victims of a serial killer than people living in the Northeast?

Men with breast cancer face high risk of second cancer
Men who have been treated for breast cancer face a significantly high risk of getting cancer once again, according to UC Irvine epidemiologists.

Better strategies for osteoporosis prevention and therapy
This year's Best Paper Award for outstanding work published in the Springer journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry goes to the German chemist Eberhard Denk (31).

Chemical Science Workshops receive continued financial support from NSF
The National Science Foundation has announced continued support for the Center for Workshops in the Chemical Sciences with an Undergraduate Education, Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement program grant.

Reactivated gene shrinks tumors
Many cancers arise due to defects in genes that normally suppress tumor growth.

Chopping off protein puts immune cells into high gear
The complex task of launching a well-organized, effective immune system attack on specific targets is thrown into high gear when either of two specific enzymes chop a protein called LAG-3 off the immune cells leading that battle, according to investigators at St.

MDCT accurately locates bowel perforation avoiding need for exploratory surgery
Multidetector CT (MDCT) without the use of contrast media can show the precise site of a bowel perforation, avoiding the need for surgeons to do exploratory surgery of the patient's gastrointestinal tract to locate the problem, a new study shows.

Ikerlan-IK4 and Gaiker-IK4 patent device for rapid diagnosis of infectious diseases and cancer
The Ikerlan-IK4 and Gaiker-IK4 Technological Center have patented a device which is capable of the rapid and effective diagnosis of infectious diseases caused by various bacteria.

Wiley and ADAA announce partnership
Global publisher John Wiley & Sons Inc., and the Anxiety Disorders Association of America today announced a new agreement whereby Wiley's journal, Depression and Anxiety, becomes an official publication of ADAA, and complimentary subscriptions to the journal will be made available to the professional membership of ADAA.

Implicit stereotypes and gender identification may affect female math performance
New research may provide insight as to why, despite progress over the last few decades, women remain underrepresented in math-heavy majors and professions.

Developing a new vision for European astronomy
A British astronomer is to lead a Pan-European project to develop a new

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following articles are featured in the upcoming Journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

'Natural Causes' by Dan Hurley
Dietary Supplement Industry launches attack on investigative reporter's new book.

Coated nanoparticles solve sticky drug-delivery problem
The layers of mucus that protect sensitive tissue throughout the body have an undesirable side effect: They can also keep helpful medications away.

Estrogen interferes with immune surveillance in breast cancer
Estrogen is known to enhance the growth and migration of breast cancer cells.

UCLA, Caltech chemists report important step toward building molecular computers
A team of UCLA and Caltech chemists reports in the January 25 issue of the journal Nature the successful demonstration of a large-scale (160 kilobit) memory device that stores information using reconfigurable molecular switches.

Williams College biologist explores photosynthetic apparatus
The National Science Foundation has announced the award of $263,274 to Williams College biologist Claire Ting.

Biochemical Engineering XV
This is the fifteenth conference in a series dedicated to Biochemical Engineering.

The jet stream of Titan
A pair of rare celestial alignments that occurred in November 2003 helped an international team of astronomers investigate the far-off world of Titan.

Turning a cellular sentinel into a cancer killer
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have developed two strategies to reactivate the p53 gene in mice, causing blood, bone and liver tumors to self-destruct.

Scientists discover new species of distinctive cloud-forest rodent
A strikingly unusual animal was recently discovered in the cloud-forests of Peru.

The Cochrane Library, 2007, Issue 1
This alert highlights some of the key health care conclusions and their implications for practice as published this week in The Cochrane Library, 2007, Issue 1.

Getting SAD is more than having the blues
While many people believe that Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) amounts to feeling gloomy in the winter, a University of Rochester research review emphasizes that SAD is actually a subtype of major depression and should be treated as such.

Quitting smoking may be harder if mom smoked during pregnancy
Quitting smoking may be more difficult for individuals whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, according to animal research conducted by Duke University Medical Center researchers.

HIV medical providers unite to advocate for patient care
Medical providers facing a crisis in HIV care are forming a coalition that will stand up for the needs of community health centers, university and hospital clinics, city and county health departments, private clinics, and others providing medical care for low-income people with HIV with nowhere else to turn.

Smart way of living for people with dementia
A groundbreaking home that uses the latest smart technology to give people with dementia and other serious long-term health conditions greater independence will be showcased for the first time in Bristol (UK) tomorrow.

Complex channels
The messages passed in a neuronal network can target something like 100 billion nerve cells in the brain alone.

Beyond nature vs. nurture: Williams syndrome across cultures
Nobody questions that the color of our eyes is encoded in our genes.

Fish can determine their social rank by observation alone, study finds
A male fish can size up potential rivals, and even rank them from strongest to weakest, simply by watching how they perform in territorial fights with other males, according to a new study by Stanford University scientists.

New nanotechnology able to examine single molecules, aiding in determining gene expression
A new nanotechnology that can examine single molecules in order to determine gene expression, paving the way for scientists to more accurately examine single cancer cells, has been developed by an interdisciplinary team of researchers at UCLA's California Nanosystems Institute, New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, and Veeco Instruments, a nanotechnology company.

ALTRAN: European R&D leader presents its capacities at Innovation Conference
On February 7, 2007, Altran, the European leader in high technology and innovation consulting, will hold an event in Brussels to present its research and innovation capacities in key industry sectors including energy, transport, space, security and information and communication technologies, as well as exploring the possibility of R&D collaborations under the current Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7) of the European Union.

Scientists identify gene that may indicate predisposition to schizophrenia
In a study from the January issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, a research team lead by Xinzhi Zhao and Ruqi Tang (Shanghai Jiao Tong University) present evidence that genetic variation may indicate predisposition to schizophrenia.

Drug safety technology wins Innovation of the Year Award
Frost & Sullivan has awarded the COMPAS software technology platform its 2006 North America Technology Innovation of the Year Award in the field of cardiac safety analytics.

Wanderlust -- deep-sea fauna under Antarctic ice shelf
Under the former Larsen ice shelf east of the Antarctic Peninsula, deep-sea sea cucumbers and stalked feather stars were ubiquitously found in shallow waters.
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