Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 26, 2007
New diabetes research: Half of Americans have gene that affects how body burns sugar
New findings by a Saint Louis University researcher shed light on the genetic risk some of us have for developing diabetes.

OHSU studies of technology for healthy aging get boost
Oregon Health & Science University, with help from Intel Corp., is moving into the next phase of a research program developing new technologies to address the challenge of aging successfully.

Novel EGFR antibody outperforms cetuximab in mouse model of lung cancer
A study conducted at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Ludwig Center at Dana-Farber/Harvard Medical School now suggests that antibodies binding a particular protein conformation, caused by hyperactivation, might have distinct therapeutic advantages over antibodies, like cetuximab, that bind to wild-type (normal) target proteins.

Joslin-led study uncovers role of appetite hormone MCH in insulin production
New Joslin-led study uncovers role of appetite-related melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) in the brain to beta cell growth and insulin secretion.

February Geology and GSA Today media highlights
Topics include: A new technique for analyzing the relationship between climate and hurricane activity; Discovery of fossilized embryos in advanced stages of development from South China; Revised dispersal and extinction dating of the late Neogene

Lutetia asteroid in Rosetta's spotlight
Earlier this month ESA's Rosetta had a first look at asteroid 21-Lutetia, one of the targets of its long mission.

DNA gets new twist: Carnegie Mellon scientists develop unique 'DNA nanotags'
Carnegie Mellon University scientists have married bright fluorescent dye molecules with DNA nanostructure templates to make nanosized fluorescent labels that hold considerable promise for studying fundamental chemical and biochemical reactions in single molecules or cells.

Using Nanotechnology to Improve Health Care in Developing Countries
What is nanotechnology? How is nanotechnology expected to transform medicine and health care in the future?

Springer to publish Small-scale Forestry
Springer has signed an agreement with the International Union of Forest Research Organization's (IUFRO) Small-scale Forestry Group to publish Small-scale Forestry.

Fruit flies and global warming -- some like it hot
Researchers working in Australia have discovered ways in which fruit flies might react to the extreme temperatures and fluctuations in global warming.

NIH study finds MRI more sensitive than CT in diagnosing most common form of acute stroke
Results from the most comprehensive study to compare two imaging techniques for the emergency diagnosis of suspected acute stroke show that magnetic resonance imaging can provide a more sensitive diagnosis than computed tomography (CT) for acute ischemic stroke.

Kids at risk: Assessing diet and exercise behaviors in adolescents
Do adolescents get enough exercise and eat the right foods?

Carnegie Mellon engineers devise new process to improve energy efficiency of ethanol production
Carnegie Mellon University chemical engineers have a devised a new process that can improve the efficiency of ethanol production, a major component in making biofuels a significant part of the U.S. energy supply.

Folic acid may prevent cleft lip and palate
A new study finds that women who take folic acid supplements early in their pregnancy can substantially reduce their baby's chances of being born with a facial cleft.

Study explores factors predicting referral to remedial or special education
Preschool entry is often the first time children are compared academically and socially with peers of the same age.

Researchers create new method for uncovering natural products from mystery 'orphan genes'
Micro-organisms have a proven track record for producing powerful molecules useful in antibiotics, as anticancer agents, and in treating human diseases.

Can the severely mentally ill thrive within the community?
With $2.5 million in new support from the National Institute of Mental Health, researchers from the Regenstrief Institute, Inc., Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and Adult and Child Mental Health Center, Inc., are evaluating the effectiveness of Assertive Community Treatment.

Immunization rates hit record high in poor countries
New data from the World Health Organization shows that the GAVI Alliance, a groundbreaking global initiative to increase access to children's vaccines, has brought immunization rates to record highs in poor countries.

Together, biological membranes prevail
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a novel method to visualize the fusion of biological membranes at the single-event resolution.

Inventors must counter negative effects of success on creativity, says management insights
R&D Managers who want to sustain the creativity of the inventors in their departments must cope with an unexpected problem -- success -- according to the January issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Aquatic scientist praised for holistic research
This year's G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography is given to the highly decorated Springer editor John P.

Disorderly protein brings order to cell division
The secret to the ability of a molecule critical for cell division to throw off the protein yoke that restrains its activity is the yoke itself -- a disorderly molecule that seems to have a mind of its own, say investigators at St.

Personal digital assistants in space
Can tiny and ubiquitous devices like Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) be of use for space applications?

Exploiting space with low-cost satellites
At a time when European science budgets are increasingly under pressure UK academia and industry representatives met in London (Jan.
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